Mythology 101 Presentation what_is_myth_2011
... This century has seen the
development of crucially important,
extremely influential, and very
complex “why” theories of myth
which assume that myths reflect the
same underlying human realities in
all cultures and, therefore, are
somehow cross-cultural or
transcultural. The most obvious
instances of ...
Durkheim vs. Bergson? The Hidden Roots of Postmodern Theory
... traditionalist and anti-intellectual religiosity unacceptable to most intellectuals. The gist
of both Durkheimian and Bergsonian thought is a profound criticism of the various kinds
of materialism that were in the ascendant in French intellectual culture in the Third
Republic, at least partially as ...
Sacred Violence in the Modern World
... Religious researchers have long puzzled over the “essence” and origin of the gnostic myth. In
its original meaning, gnosis signifies “knowledge”; the gnostic view of the world expresses an
entirely negative interpretation of human existence.
For gnostics, existence in this world is a martyrdom witho ...
Intro: The Dimensions of Myth
... rituals by which the ways humanity and those of nature could be psychologically connected. Many of
these myths and rituals are still operative in the world’s religions.
Throughout recorded history, the stories and patterns that we call myths have dominated human
experience. If the purpose of our exi ...
Eternal return (Eliade)
The ""eternal return"" is, according to the theories of the religious historian Mircea Eliade, a belief, expressed (sometimes implicitly, but often explicitly) in religious behavior, in the ability to return to the mythical age, to become contemporary with the events described in one's myths. It should be distinguished from the philosophical concept of eternal return.