Gender pay gap
The gender pay gap (also known as gender wage gap, male–female income difference, gender gap in earnings, gender earnings gap, gender income difference) is the difference between male and female earnings expressed as a percentage of male earnings, according to the OECD.The European Commission defines it as the average difference between men’s and women’s aggregate hourly earnings. It is generally suggested that the wage gap is due to a variety of causes, such as discrimination in hiring, differences in education choices, differences in salary negotiations, differences in the types of positions held by men and women, differences in the pay of jobs men typically go into as opposed to women (especially highly paid high risk jobs), differences in amount of work experience, and breaks in employment.In the United States, the gender pay gap has not changed in the past decade with the average woman's earnings approximately 78% of those of an average man. In the UK the gender pay gap has continued to close and is now similar to the pay gap in the United States. In both the United States and the UK, the gender pay gap increases for women as they age.