Civilianisation of the Defence Ministry: A Functional
... democracy is the perception of the public. An organisation perceived as legitimate
will get public and political support. Legitimacy is derived both from how authority
is structured (control) and from performance (effectiveness and efficiency).
The ultimate defence institution building involves perp ...
Institutions of the Offensive: Domestic Sources of Dispute Initiation in
... they generally lack the policy tools to address domestic
problems. Additionally, new research suggests that states
having undergone only partial democratic transitions are
highly likely to initiate militarized disputes to harness nationalism and mobilize support to preserve incumbency
(Mansfield and ...
OPPORTUNITY COSTS: Military Spending and
... at its New York headquarters entitled The World is Over-Armed and Peace
is Under-funded.2 Using the figures of 2010, it juxtaposes global military
expenditure and the UN budget. The comparisons are shocking: military spending
was 12.7 times higher than the Official Development Assistance ($128 bn), ...
University of Oxford Centre for Brazilian Studies Working Paper Series
... the so-called “National Security Doctrine” and on the theories of “anti-subversive” or “antiguerrilla” warfare, all of which had been taught in the high-level training schools of the
Brazilian Armed Forces since the mid-1950s.
The military who moved into power in 1964 believed that the democratic re ...
The Diffusion of Military Dictatorships
... individuals in which the action of one group member creates new
status aspirations for the other members.
In what follows we consider 48 African countries for the 19722007 period to answer the following research question: is there a
diffusion effect of military dictatorship? Needless to say, the ch ...
Civil–military relations (Civ-Mil or CMR) describes the relationship between civil society as a whole and the military organization or organizations established to protect it. More narrowly, it describes the relationship between the civil authority of a given society and its military authority. Studies of civil-military relations often rest on a normative assumption that civilian control of the military is preferable to military control of the state. The principal problem they examine, however, is empirical: to explain how civilian control over the military is established and maintained.While generally not considered a separate academic area of study in and of itself, it involves scholars and practitioners from many fields and specialties. Apart from political science and sociology, Civ-Mil (CMR) draws upon such diverse fields as law, philosophy, area studies, psychology, cultural studies, anthropology, economics, history, diplomatic history, journalism, and the military, among others. It involves study and discussion of a diverse range of issues including but not limited to: civilian control of the military, military professionalism, war, civil-military operations, military institutions, and other related subjects. International in scope, civil-military relations involves discussion and research from across the world. The theoretical discussion can include non-state actors as well as more traditional nation-states. Other research involves discerning the details of military political attitudes, voting behavior, and the potential impact on and interaction with democratic society as well as military families.