... • Topic: the nature of some moral virtue (areté),
such as courage, piety, self-control or justice.
• Aims: Testing ideas for logical consistency;
proving that politicians and others who have
claimed to have ‘wisdom’ about human affairs in
fact lacked it; drawing attention to at least
apparent errors ...
The Most Influential Group of Philosophers
... Socrates was born in 469 B.C. to Sophacles, an Athenian stone crafter. He was born at a time of political upheaval,
causing him to be well versed in his political knowledge. The city of Athens in which he resided would eventually
use him as a scapegoat for their political downfall, resulting in his ...
Day 15: Establishing the Republic
... • “it’s the greatest good for a man to discuss virtues every day . . . on the
grounds that the unexamined life isn’t worth living for a human being”
Study Questions for Peters Chapter 1 Phaedrus
... 34. Did Plato invent a new kind of love and with it a new view of communication? p. 43
35. How does this play out—is it the refusal to penetrate or write? p. 43
36. What is being renounced by this action? p. 43
37. What do you think of the phrase “It takes two to philosophize”? p. 43
38. So, is com ...
What is Philosophy?
... Socrates probes further: what makes a thing holy? Is
an act holy because it is loved by the gods or do the
gods love what is holy because it is holy?
A Summary of Glaucon`s Argument
... He now argues that justice is only valuable because of its good consequences and not
because of what it’s inherently worth (Plato 32). Glaucon then places justice in the
second category of his taxonomy where he begins his first step in arguing that justice has
no inherent goodness due to the basis o ...
Voulgaris_Sexuality and Intellectualism Socrates Chapter
... When examining the ideology that distinguishes classical Athenian sexuality in
aristocratic intellectual circles, there are no better sources to give us a glimpse of this
private world than elite literary sources of the time. Although there are various pieces of
Athenian literature that are applicab ...
Nature of ethics
... Moral philosophy arises when, like Socrates, we pass beyond the stage in which we are
directed by traditional rules and even beyond the stage in which these rules are so
internalized that we can be said to be inner-directed, to the stage in which we think for
ourselves in critical and general terms ...
... “X is” = X exists = there is (有) X
Blending the two uses leads to the view
that all change is impossible—why(?)
To describe a change entails that it is what it
was not before
This is to change “is not” to “is”
Parmenides construes change as non-being
Introduction to Ethics
... moral decisions only on religion. Many people believe that God is the basis of all
morality, the ultimate standard of morality. They believe that something is good because
God says so. But there is a problem with this. Is it good because God says so, or does
God say so because it is good, and its go ...
“What is Beauty?” PowerPoint
... • If the teacher makes an error of logic or fact, it is acceptable
for a student to correct the teacher.
• Since a discussion is not a dialogue, it is not a proper medium
for the Socratic method. However, it is helpful -- if second best - if the teacher is able to lead a group of students in a
Ethics: A Brief Overview
... judged by its consequences or utility;
intentions do not matter.
-Utilitarianism: The act which is “right” is the
one that provides for the greatest good for
the greatest number—the maximization of
pleasure and the minimization of pain.
What is Ethics?
... moral principle, which in the present case could not be any
higher. He appeals to a general rule, determines that his
situation falls under that rule, and finally draws a
conclusion about what he must do—namely, refuse Crito's
suggestion that he escape.
... Our knowledge of Socrates comes to us from numerous dialogues which Plato wrote after 399. In
nearly every dialogue – and there are more than thirty that we know about – Socrates is the main
speaker. The style of the Plato's dialogue is important – it is the Socratic style that he employs
What is Platonism
... recognizes the truth of the conclusion. Nous, a term which Plato borrowed from earlier Greek
philosophers, has some definite connections with Conscience in the Christian tradition , and
perhaps the pure consciousness of Vedanta.
It is by means of noesis that we recognize the true meaning and deep si ...
The Phaedrus (/ˈfiːdrəs/; Greek: Φαῖδρος), written by Plato, is a dialogue between Plato's protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues. The Phaedrus was presumably composed around 370 BC, about the same time as Plato's Republic and Symposium. Although ostensibly about the topic of love, the discussion in the dialogue revolves around the art of rhetoric and how it should be practiced, and dwells on subjects as diverse as metempsychosis (the Greek tradition of reincarnation) and erotic love.