- University of Salford Institutional Repository
... variety of conditions defined as pervasive developmental
disorders (PDDs) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
Mental Disorders (DSM). PDDS include autism, Asperger's
syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise
specified (PDD-NOS), Rett syndrome and childhood
disintegrative disor ...
Commentary: The Forensic Relevance of Personality Disorder
... The Epidemiology of Personality Disorder
Warren et al.10 are to be congratulated for the
methods they used to examine the prevalence of personality disorders. They took steps to maximize the
participation rate and to use a two-stage sampling
procedure that oversampled women with Cluster B
Annotated Bibliography Sample
... offenses. The PCL:YV is the most empirically validated instrument of adolescent psychopathy
that looks at the prediction between psychopathy and antisocial conduct. The researchers sought
to study how the PCL:YV would predict criminal charges across the follow-up time period of
five years. Also, the ...
... Ex: “O loving hate! . . .O
heavy lightness! Feather
of lead, bright smoke, cold
fire, sick health!
love feel I, that feel no love
in this.” R & J
Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality Disorder
... Traditionally, affective and interpersonal traits such as egocentricity, deceit, shallow affect,
manipulativeness, selfishness, and lack of empathy, guilt or remorse, have played a central role in
the conceptualization and diagnosis of psychopathy (Cleckley; Hare 1993; in press); Widiger and
Fictional portrayals of psychopaths
Fictional portrayals of psychopaths, or sociopaths, are some of the most notorious in film and literature but may only vaguely or partly relate to the concept of psychopathy, which is itself used with varying definitions by mental health professionals, criminologists and others. The character may be identified as a diagnosed/assessed psychopath or sociopath within the fictional work itself, or by its creator when discussing their intentions with the work, which might be distinguished from opinions of audiences or critics based only on a character appearing to show traits or behaviors associated with an undefined popular stereotype of psychopathy.Such characters are often portrayed in an exaggerated fashion and typically in the role of a villain or antihero, where the general characteristics of a psychopath are useful to facilitate conflict and danger. Because the definitions and criteria in the history of psychopathy have varied over the years and continue to change even now, many characters in notable films may have been designed to fall under the category of a psychopath at the time of the film's production or release, but not necessarily in subsequent years. There are several stereotypical images of psychopathy in both lay and professional accounts which only partly overlap and can involve contradictory traits: the charming con artist, the deranged serial killer, the successful corporate psychopath, or the chronic low-level offender with juvenile delinquency. The public concept reflects some combination of fear of the mythical bogeyman, fascination with human evil, and sometimes perhaps envy of people who might appear to go through life unencumbered by the same levels of guilt, anguish or insecurity.