Creating associative memory distortions
... Abstract: One of the most widely applied techniques used to examine associative memory errors is the Deese-RoedigerMcDermott (DRM) paradigm. The aim of the present studies was to demonstrate a Polish version of the DRM paradigm
and to test the characteristics of memory illusions evoked by this proce ...
Implicit Memory for New Associations: An
... Roediger and his colleagues (e.g., Blaxton, 1989; Roediger et
al., 1989), in which it is assumed that the degree of datadriven and conceptually driven processing varies across memory tasks. Rather than emphasizing the relative amount of
contribution made by these two types of processing to performan ...
AS EDEXCEL PSYCHOLOGY 2008 ONWARDS
... rehearsal, information is transferred from short-term to long-term memory.
Retrieval – this is the process of locating & extracting stored memories so that they can
Failure to encode, store or retrieve information properly can lead to forgetting.
Lec 18 - Forgetting
... Forgetting (retention loss) refers to apparent loss of information already encoded and
stored in an individual's long term memory. It is a spontaneous or gradual process in which
oldmemories are unable to be recalled from memory storage. It is subject to delicately
balanced optimization that ensures ...
... Subjects studied and recalled 12 lists of 10 common
Then they had to recall all lists a second time cued by the
first word of each list.
Narrative subjects were to make a story incorporating the
words in the list.
Control subjects were told just to study each of the list
and were gi ...
In psychology, context-dependent memory refers to improved recall of specific episodes or information when the context present at encoding and retrieval are the same. One particularly common example of context-dependence at work occurs when an individual has lost an item (e.g. lost car keys) in an unknown location. Typically, people try to systematically ""retrace their steps"" to determine all of the possible places where the item might be located. Based on the role that context plays in determining recall, it is not at all surprising that individuals often quite easily discover the lost item upon returning to the correct context. This concept is heavily related to the encoding specificity principle.This example best describes the concept of context-dependent forgetting. However, the research literature on context-dependent memory describes a number of different types of contextual information that may affect recall such as environmental context-dependent memory, state-dependent learning, cognitive context-dependent memory and mood-congruent memory. Research has also shown that context-dependence may play an important role in numerous situations, such as memory for studied material, or events that have occurred following the consumption of alcohol or other drugs.