Alcoholic liver disease
... The liver performs many essential functions for life. These functions include
metabolism, synthesis and storage of nutrients. The liver is essential in the
metabolism of alcohol. Alcohol is produced through the fermentation of
yeast, sugars and starches, and it can be divided in three main categorie ...
Lecture Presentation Outline
... 5. Never driving a car or boat, hunting, or operating heavy equipment while under the
influence of alcohol
V. What Causes Alcoholism?
1 in 13 adults in the U.S. abuse alcohol or have alcoholism
Instructor Resources: Activity 14-3: Is Alcohol a Problem for You?
Student Corner . . . . Nutritional Effects of Student Binge Drinking
... effects that can arise from drinking. With many universities facing the issue of binge drinking, it
is important for students, faculty, and those in the health profession to be knowledgeable about
the nutritional harm that drinking can cause. In particular, the potential exists for reduced
amounts o ...
The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited
The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited (1995) is a book by psychiatrist George E. Vaillant that describes two multi-decade studies of the lives of 600 American males, non-alcoholics at the outset, focusing on their lifelong drinking behaviours. By following the men from youth to old age it was possible to chart their drinking patterns and what factors may have contributed to alcoholism. Another study followed 100 severe alcoholics from a clinic eight years after their detoxification. The National Review hailed the first edition (1983) as ""a genuine revolution in the field of alcoholism research"" and said that ""Vaillant has combined clinical experience with an unprecedented amount of empirical data to produce what may ultimately come to be viewed as the single most important contribution to the literature of alcoholism since the first edition of AA's Big Book."" Some of the main conclusions of Vaillant’s book are: That alcoholism is as much a social as a medical condition. ""Alcoholism can simultaneously reflect both a conditioned habit and a disease."" Factors predicting alcoholism were related to ethnic culture, alcoholism in relatives, and a personality that is antisocial and extroverted. An unhappy childhood predicted mental illness but not alcoholism—unless the family problems were due to alcoholism. That alcoholism was generally the cause of co-occurring depression, anxiety, and sociopathic (delinquent) behaviour, not the result. That even though alcoholism is not solely a medical condition, it is therapeutically effective to explain it as a disease to patients. The disease concept encourages patients to take responsibility for their drinking, without debilitating guilt. That for most alcoholics, attempts at controlled drinking in the long term end in either abstinence or a return to alcoholism. That there is as yet no cure for alcoholism, and that medical treatment can only provide short-term crisis intervention. Achieving long-term sobriety usually involves (1) a less harmful, substitute dependency; (2) new relationships; (3) sources of inspiration and hope; and (4) experiencing negative consequences of drinking.↑ ↑ ↑