The Muslim Brotherhood: Origins, Efficacy, and Reach By Raymond
... captures all the essentials of radical and jihadi Islam, the sort of Islam practiced by terrorist
Similarly, the Brotherhood's English language website describes the “principles of the Muslim
Brotherhood” as including firstly the introduction of the Islamic Sharia as “the basis for
The Political Evolution of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
... controversial interpretation of jihad that provided religious justifications for violence
committed by offshoot organizations of the Brotherhood like al-jihad, al-Takfir wa alHijra, Hamas, and al-Qaeda.
Yet that is still a debatable position, because despite being the ideological parent of
these vio ...
POLITICS, TERRORISM, AND THE SUNNI DIVIDE By Samuel Helfont
... This E-Note is based on Mr. Helfont’s forthcoming monograph, The Sunni Divide: Understanding Politics and Terrorism in the
Arab Middle East, a product of FPRI’s Center on Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Homeland Security.
Wahhabism and the Muslim Brotherhood are two distinct forms of Sunni Islamism ...
The Muslim Brotherhood in the UK
... Muhammad’s (p) victorious return to Makkah. Jihad is aimed first at Islamizing
Muslim societies, toppling apostate Muslim rulers and establishing Islamic states
under shari‘a; these Islamic states are then able to extend jihad to the whole world.
Politics or piety? Why the Muslim Brotherhood engages in social
... political trends, could turn to destroying those same societies through engaging in
violence or terrorism).
To be a bit more thorough, let me further contextualize utility-based interpretations of
the Muslim Brotherhood’s behavior. There is no doubt that Muslims are obligated to
think, to reflect, a ...
Tadros, M. The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt
... Party, and won a number of elections, including the 2012 presidential election, in which its
candidate, Mohamed Morsi, became Egypt’s first democratically elected president. However,
Morsi’s ousting and arrest by the military following massive demonstrations only one year later
left many to wonder h ...
FAQs - The Muslim Brotherhood
... Palestinian elections, Hamas has since instituted a repressive Islamic dictatorship in Gaza.
The Brotherhood has long combined tactical flexibility with strategic rigidity. It has made numerous
compromises to survive the Egyptian regime’s suppression and to appeal to a broad constituency but has nev ...
The Society of the Muslim Brothers (Arabic: جماعة الإخوان المسلمين), shortened to the Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928. The organisation gained supporters throughout the Arab world and influenced other Islamist groups with its ""model of political activism combined with Islamic charity work"", and in 2012 sponsored the first democratically elected political party in Egypt. However, it suffered from periodic government crackdowns for alleged terrorist activities, and as of 2015 is considered a terrorist organization by the governments of Bahrain, Egypt, Russia, Syria, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.The Brotherhood's stated goal is to instill the Qur'an and Sunnah as the ""sole reference point for ... ordering the life of the Muslim family, individual, community ... and state."" Its mottos include ""Believers are but Brothers"", ""Islam is the Solution"", and ""Allah is our objective; the Qur'an is the Constitution; the Prophet is our leader; jihad is our way; death for the sake of Allah is our wish."" It is financed by members, who are required to allocate a portion of their income to the movement, and was for many years financed by Saudi Arabia, with whom it shared some enemies and some points of doctrine.As a Pan-Islamic, religious, and social movement, it preached Islam, taught the illiterate, set up hospitals and business enterprises. The group spread to other Muslim countries but has its largest, or one of its largest, organizations in Egypt despite a succession of government crackdowns in 1948, 1954, 1965, and 2013 after plots, or alleged plots, of assassination and overthrow were uncovered. Over the years it also developed branches in other Muslim countries.The Arab Spring brought it legalisation and substantial political power at first, but as of 2013 it has suffered severe reversals. The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood was legalized in 2011 and won several elections, including the 2012 presidential election when its candidate Mohamed Morsi became Egypt's first democratically elected president. One year later, however, following massive demonstrations, anger at perceived discrimination and disenfranchisement against religious minorities, and anger at repressive religious policies, Morsi was overthrown by the military and arrested. As of 2014, the organization has been declared a terrorist group both in Egypt and by its erstwhile ally Saudi Arabia, and is once again suffering a severe crackdown in Egypt as well as pressure in other Arab countries.The Brotherhood itself claims it is a peaceful, democratic organization, and its leader ""condemns violence and violent acts"".