Secure and Defensive High Self
... are fragile and vulnerable to threat, leading them to zealously
promote and protect their esteem. In other words, some people
possess secure high SE, whereas others possess defensive high SE.
Drawing on contemporary theories of implicit attitudes and automatic processes, we explore the possibility t ...
The Persuasive Role of Incidental Similarity on Attitudes and
... was promoting a personal training program for potential gym
members and needed feedback on their program. After signing a consent form, participants were given a brochure containing basic information about the program and a minibiography of the personal trainer. The short biography
described the tra ...
The Relationship Between Clothing Preference, Self
... influence our clothing preference, one consumer research study by Johnston (2002) showed
evidence for imitation that has direct relevance for consumer behavior. In the experiments,
participants were asked to eat ice cream and to judge its taste. Each experimental participant
ate ice cream in the pre ...
2015 What is Implicit Self-Esteem
... desires for self-enhancing feedback, and instead prefer to
seek information that verifies their critical self-views; the
strength of people’s preference for self-enhancing feedback
parallels the positivity of their own self-views (although selfverification theory proposes alternative motivations to
To be or not to be, that is the question
... constraining, as they do not permit individuals to indicate that whether they enact specific
personality characteristics often depends on the situation. Another shortcoming of only
yes/no judgments is that they do not permit respondents to endorse possessing trait
characteristics to varying degrees. ...
The Effects of “Fantasy Flights”
... Mortality salience also engendered by: fear of death scales, videos
of gory automobile accidents, standing in front of funeral parlors,
and subliminal death primes have obtained similar results
Mortality salience effects appear to be unique to concerns about
death, control conditions asking people t ...
Constructing Good Selves in Japan and North America
... Everyone has a self. That is, they have an integrated collection of beliefs about themselves, extending
across time, that shapes their interpretations and reactions to particular situations and relationships with others.
Likewise, I propose that everyone is motivated to have a good self. By a “good” ...
Global Family Therapy - BEING WHILE BECOMING
... For example, consider an individual growing up within a Christian family that
denies any other explanation for the origins of existence and afﬁrms a certainty in
an after-life. The afﬁrmation of this belief system may be actualized through
demeaning other religions and remaining close-minded to any ...
studies of the relationship between communication
... reasoning was essentially correct. We are what
others make us be.
Individuals seek out those who confirm their
self-image. This is so even when that self-image is
not entirely positive. Consequently, the link between self-esteem and actual behavior is not a weak
one (Greenhaus & Badin, 1974). Backma ...
Do women feel worse to look their best?
... Partch, 1999). Although these and similar situational
effects operate outside the purview of what is typically conceptualized as the self, they may also be able to
influence self-esteem. For instance, self-esteem has been
found to be sensitive to changes in the attractiveness of
peers to whom one is ...
Exploration of the Relationship between Self
... is defined as an ‘‘internal, subjective marker’’ of an individual’s level of inclusion
(Leary, 2003, p. 271). Specifically, Leary (1999) posited that self-esteem is more
strongly related to individuals’ beliefs about others’ evaluations of them than their
own self-evaluations. According to sociomete ...
Do People`s Self
... insights into how, why, when, and for whom attitudes and
traits are useful in predicting behavior (e.g., Ajzen &
Fishbein, 1977; Kenrick & Funder, 1988). The result is that
it is now widely acknowledged that both attitudes and traits
have an important place in psychological science.
We believe that ...
Abrams_Comments on M.. - the Smith college streaming media server
... Social Identity and Motivation • 235
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Implicit Self-esteem - University of Washington
... scores have histories of negative interactions with
parents. Developmental psychologists generally assume that self-esteem is
acquired through parent*hild relationships, with positive self-regard being
a reflection, or internal model, of the parents' regard for the child (Bretherton, 1985; Cassidy, ...
Self-Concept and Interpersonal Communication
... Self-concept has three components i.e., the view that person has for himself i.e., self- image; the
value a person place upon himself is self- esteem and it always involves a degree of evaluation
and we may have either a positive or a negative view of ourselves (3).A person's self-image does
not nec ...
Unpacking the role of self-esteem in career uncertainty: a self
... we hypothesized that self-concordance in choosing a major would be positively related to
Finally, we proposed that self-concordance in choosing a major and course
involvement would be related to lower career uncertainty because students who could
choose their major according to t ...
BaccusImplicitSE - Wabash Personal Web Pages
... task. First, all participants entered into the computer some self-relevant information (e.g.
first name, date of birth). They were instructed that a word would appear randomly in one
of four quadrants on the computer screen and their task was to click on it as quickly as
possible (see Figure 1). Th ...
... College is intensely evaluative (tests, papers, grades)
Module 47 Contemporary Research on Personality Module Preview
... understanding of personality. Reciprocal determinism
refers to the interacting influences between
personality and environmental factors. Interactions
between individuals and environments occur when
different people choose different environments, when
our personalities shape how we interpret and reac ...
Full Text - International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
... mechanics model, based on the flow of Behaviorism or experimental psychology, was developed by Wilhelm
Wundt (1833–1920), Wolfgang Kohler (1887–1967), and John B. Watson (1878–1958). In this model, humans
are considered like other animals in the world, namely, an organism that can be created and mod ...
... what your child’s special strengths are and about the areas in which he or she
excels, so that the teacher will have a positive outlook towards them and will
continue to build on those strengths.
Tell them on a regular basis that you will love them unconditionally. When
they fail, or do the wrong th ...
... People make sense of the world based upon their
interpretations of words (symbols) used by others.
(When you say XXX, and he responds positively, you figure out what it means.)
In sociology and psychology, self-esteem reflects a person's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is a judgment of oneself as well as an attitude toward the self. Self-esteem encompasses beliefs (for example, ""I am competent"", ""I am worthy"") and emotions such as triumph, despair, pride, and shame. Smith and Mackie (2007) defined it by saying ""The self-concept is what we think about the self; self-esteem, is the positive or negative evaluations of the self, as in how we feel about it.""Self-esteem is attractive as a social psychological construct because researchers have conceptualized it as an influential predictor of certain outcomes, such as academic achievement, happiness, satisfaction in marriage and relationships, and criminal behavior. Self-esteem can apply specifically to a particular dimension (for example, ""I believe I am a good writer and feel happy about that"") or a global extent (for example, ""I believe I am a bad person, and feel bad about myself in general""). Psychologists usually regard self-esteem as an enduring personality characteristic (""trait"" self-esteem), though normal, short-term variations (""state"" self-esteem) also exist. Synonyms or near-synonyms of self-esteem include: self-worth, self-regard, self-respect, and self-integrity.