Essential Identity: the Beginnings of an
... However, the transformations, as suggested in the performance, were not successful. One
way to see it is that the couple did not manage to survive because the change required
exceeded their capacities. Although the man tried to act like a Catholic, he could not defeat
his fear of lizards, and other ...
Divine Origin of Gender
... affected by that which happens to the body; whereas, with men, the body has
more pronouncedly the character of an instrument which serves them in their work
and is accompanied by a certain detachment.11
It is interesting that she would have arrived at such a conclusion using motherhood as the
What`s Wrong With the New Biological Essentialism?
... HPC kinds have two components. First, the members of an HPC kind share a cluster
of co-occurring similarities. No similarity is necessary for membership in an HPC kind, but
such properties must be stable enough to allow for successful induction. Generally, the aim of
HPC Theory is to capture groups ...
Essentialism and Anti-Essentialism in Feminist Philosophy
... Following this recognition of the cultural character of bodies, a growing number of
theorists in the 1990s rejected the previously popular essentialism/constructionism antithesis.
They argued that constructionism remains unduly close to essentialism, since it accepts the
existence of natural bodily ...
ESSENTIALISM IN PARMENIDES OF ELEA
... What can be thought is only the thought that it is. For you will not find thought
without what is, in relation to which it is uttered; for there is not, or shall be,
anything else besides what is, since Fate fettered it to be entire and immovable.
Wherefore all these are names which mortals laid dow ...
Essentialism is the view that, for any specific entity (such as an animal, a group of people, a physical object, a concept), there is a set of attributes which are necessary to its identity and function. In Western thought the concept is found in the work of Plato and Aristotle. Platonic idealism is the earliest known theory of how all known things and concepts have an essential reality behind them (an ""Idea"" or ""Form""), an essence that makes those things and concepts what they are. Aristotle's Categories proposes that all objects are the objects they are by virtue of their substance, that the substance makes the object what it is. The essential qualities of an object, so George Lakoff summarizes Aristotle's highly influential view, are ""those properties that make the thing what it is, and without which it would be not that kind of thing"". This view is contrasted with non-essentialism, which states that, for any given kind of entity, there are no specific traits which entities of that kind must possess.Essentialism has been controversial from its beginning. Plato's Socrates already problematizes the concept of the Idea by positing in the Parmenides that if we accept Ideas of such things as Beauty and Justice (every beautiful thing or just action would partake of that Idea in some sense in order to be beautiful or just), we must also accept the ""existence of separate forms for hair, mud, and dirt"". In biology and other natural sciences, essentialism provided the basis for and rationale of taxonomy at least until the time of Charles Darwin; the precise role and importance of essentialism in biology is still a matter of debate. In gender studies, essentialism (summarized as the basic proposition that men and women are essentially different) continues to be a matter of contention. Essentialism was particularly important to the development of the scientific theories that led to racial science and the construction of different categories for different races. It was scientific essentialism that led to the development of modern notions of race due to the persistent desire for a protean theory that could explain all forms of life on earth that would explain the essence of the life force.French structuralist feminism was often accused of subscribing to an essentialism, which was set in contrast to gender constructionism.