the set-aside shall be withdrawn and the requirement, if still valid
... (2) Award will be made at a fair and reasonable price.
(b) If the contracting officer receives only one acceptable offer at a fair and
reasonable price from an eligible VOSB concern in response to a VOSB
setaside, the contracting officer should make an award to that concern. If the
contracting offic ...
Call for tenders No. EEA/IEA/16/003 ANNEX 2 to the Tender
... guilty of the conduct subject to a preliminary classification in law, on the basis of which it has been
excluded, the contracting authority shall, without delay, bring an end to that exclusion and/or
reimburse, as appropriate, any financial penalty imposed.
The facts and findings referred to in the ...
Lessons from the Swaps Cases
... In English law there are distinctions to be made between types of claims and remedies
which are available in the financial derivatives context for some misfeasance by the
seller of a product.27 Those claims are analysed here as falling into three categories:
claims arising out of contract, trust or ...
contracts - Clayton State University
... Did the offeror specifically indicate what he was
willing to do and what he wanted the offeree to do
or agree to do in return?
The more specific the proposal, the more likely
the court will call it an offer
Under UCC 2-204, if the parties are acting as
though they have a contract, that is enough to
The Entrepreneurial Librarian
... takes over a business and using
creativity, strategic planning,
targeted marketing and
positions that business to be ready
to take advantage every
opportunity to become as
successful as possible.
Success depends upon
and without such preparation
there is sure to be ...
Chapter 10 - lexcal.com
... The lack of definiteness is fatal because the court
cannot supply these terms
RH’s alleged promise is therefore unenforceable
as a matter of law
PROPOSING A PROJECT-LAW FOR SIMPLIFIED JOINT
... Any change in the statutes, shareholding or the business requires
procedures that are tedious and relatively uncertainly long or costly
Usually, it is ideal for owner /manager with limited reporting
/accountability constraints or requirements.
420 Business ADCP Law Fall 2011 - LeMoyne
... 2. The willful failure to file an income tax return, which the CPA is required to file.
3. The filing of a CPA’s tax returns fraudulently.
4. The aiding in the preparation of fraudulent income tax return of the client.
The Corporate Balancing Act
Companies have learned that shareholders do not want ...
Contract Law Through the Lens of Laissez-Faire
... uncertainty in contract disputes after the fact. Choosing default terms that lend
business efficacy to transactions takes more than abstract principles that
transcend commercial categories. It requires good situation sense as well, which
the best nineteenth century judges surely possessed.14 Ironica ...
Suitability - Alastair Hudson`s
... from entering into further damaging transactions does not apply in the context of a
provision, such as a netting clause on termination, which reduces the net amount of the
parties’ exposure to one another. The validity of an instrument need not be compromised
because some element of it is held to un ...
Marketing liability in Finnish insurance law – implications for contract
... “The world of contracting has changed over time.” “Mass marketing is a modern way of
making offers to consumers, and marketing information is often decisive when a purchase
decision is made.” “It is therefore right that marketers have a more extensive responsibility
for their advertising than previo ...
The Cost of Resolving Small Business Conflicts, Peru, Herrero and
... The following steps should be fine-tune this methodology and broaden the study to cover other
Latin American and Caribbean countries so as to improve policy design and the exchange of ideas
and views on the subject.
We believe that this report will be of interest of the policy makers and researchers ...
... perusal expected. Changed result: attention drawn to terms, terms weren’t unusual, brochures
posted with booking form
The Law of Contracts - Book Companion Site
... The gratuitous reduction of a debt is another example of an unenforceable contract.
Suppose Tony owes Carol $100 and the due date has passed. If Carol asks Tony for $75
stating that she will forgive the $25, she can still sue for the $25 once she has the
$75 because there was no consideration given ...
Contracts -Schooner – Fall 2011
... 2. Avoids litigation; more practical, more reliable for commerce
3. Imposes responsibility on people to be clear about their actual intent
4. Williston: true interpretation of offer based on what reasonable people in the place of the
parties would interpret
Why Not Use It?
1. If applied too strictly ...
Logic-Based Tools for the Analysis and Representation of Legal
... words without sounding trite. Since the beginning, Marek has guided me patiently and
continuously. He taught me how to read and how to write, what questions to ask and where to
look for answers, generously sharing his experience, ideas and insights with me. He
encouraged me to develop my ideas, chal ...
Notice to Bidders [Forms]
... whose highest executive officers and highest level managers maintain their offices and perform
their respective executive and managerial functions and duties in the Local Contracting Market;
Offer and Acceptance, and Some of the Resulting Legal Relations
... the facts? What were the acts of the parties and the circumcircumthat surrounded
surrounded them? When these have been
been ascertained the next step is analytical. Immaterial facts must be eliminated, and the rest must be classified as either
The. op ...
W2 ai4j 2016
... for defining self-executable contracts such as Ethereum Smart Contracts [6, 10].
The basis for CDL is a conceptualization of contracts in terms of
entities, actions, propositions, and parties. Entities include objects
relevant to the state of a contract are usually represented by object
constants in ...
Regulating Contract Formation: Precontractual Reliance, Sunk
... dollars. If “sunk costs” do not matter, competition between the firms dictates that the
winning bid should not exceed one million dollars. If so, how do the firms recover their
pre-contractual costs? This puzzle seems of purely economic interest. However, we
suggest that plausible solutions of this ...
Rescission, Restitution, and the Principle of Fair Redress: A
... authors suggest the law should be changed so the buyer must elect
between rescission and damages.18
As another part of their proposal and to promote more efficient
contracting, Brooks and Stremitzer argue that restitution after rescission
should only “come at a price.”19 This concept means the relie ...
Contract Law in Timor-Leste
... governmental agreements and a state based on the rule of law. The Constitution of Timor-Leste,
Section 1, states that the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is “a democratic, sovereign,
independent and unitary State based on the rule of law, the will of the people and the respect for
the dignity of ...
Hong Kong Contracts
... to impose its sanctions. Moreover, because contract has throughout
its modern growth been seen as a technique for allocating risk
between the parties — which is one of its major functions if it is
made by business people — it has been accepted policy that the law
should be as certain as possible rat ...
Proactive Contracting is akin to Proactive Law and focuses on the same properties, namely to prevent problems and promote relationships. The legal area of research developed in Scandinavia in the 1990s and has gradually gained attention. Proactive Contracting deals with Contract Management, Relational Management, Risk Management and Business Process Management.The word proactive is the opposition to reactive and refers to acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes.A survey conducted by IACCM shows that businesses urge a paradigm shift in contracting, favoring a more relational approach. Thus, the focus of future contracting becomes more relational. Businesses may therefore face increased complexity as trading is done not only across physical boundaries, but also across religious, cultural, and ethical boundaries.The IACCM survey has underpinned the need for re-thinking contracts and the approach to business relationships, as international, and long relationships, make it hard to draft and agree upon every single event that might occur in the future.Proactive Contracting is moving away from the path of responding to these complex relationships with complex contracts. However, as it is hard to imagine realistic alternatives to contracts, Proactive Contracting suggest businesses to change perception of contracts to meet the needs of the future. Add to this the increased complexity of products due to technological evolution and it becomes clear that businesses need to actively deal with the danger of increasing complexity and uncertainty.In fact, a survey conducted by IBM Corporation revealed that 79% of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) see increased global complexity as a major challenge over the coming years.As the legal framework increases in complexity, it becomes apparent that there is a need for creating certainty in order to support future trading.Businesses need to manage this complexity in order to avoid unnecessary losses, but also in order to exploit all the possibilities deriving from global interaction.Empirical studies on contracting capabilities and research on dynamic capabilities have shown that promoting proactive behavior in businesses is a key in the quest of future success.As globalization increases, sustainability and certainty become more urgent, resulting in decentralization of the traditional legal environment. The reason for this decentralization is that the traditional legal environment does not fulfill the task of creating the certainty and sustainability that businesses need in order to prosper.After the launch of the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, mechanisms have evolved through which future development is achieved. According to these mechanisms, a sound development must be focusing on ethically acceptable, morally fair and economically sound processes.Management tools for global value chains have already been developed, and focus is especially on self- and private regulation instruments and standards - this is where proactive contracting and proactive law is coming to the fore.