Intergovernmental Finance in Five Emerging Market Economies
... water supply, and community services. All other government spending is shared by
the centre and sub-national governments. Sub-national governments at each level
are responsible for delivering public services, including education, health care, social
welfare, public safety, and other local and urban ...
Document de Travail, Seconde Édition
... will be taken into account and, a homogeneous and comparable statistical source must be available in order to identify the
As in the preliminary version, the decision was made to use the statistics provided by the United Nations Organization in
its document on Urban Agglomerations of the Pla ...
the legitimate consequences of form of government and nonpartisan
... century. Much of the research on the topic of municipal elections has included
nonpartisan ballots, as they are included in what are known as reform cities along with
manager governments and at-large elections, to name a few. Research on nonpartisan
elections and turnout has yielded support for the ...
the distribution of powers and responsibilities
... A particular feature of Brazil’s Constitution is the special role of municipalities as they
have acquired full political autonomy, independent of the federal and state governments
(discussed more fully below). Municipal citizens are able to elect their own mayors and vicemayors as well as representa ...
Analysis of real estate market dynamics and development in Molise
... Participants in the Focus consider these important stakeholders for local development
because they are closer to the needs of the area because their Boards of directors are made
by representatives of businesses and municipalities.
These development programs have been successful and many business ven ...
Local Autonomy in Federal Systems: A Comparison Between
... relevant (e.g. the ability of the local government to set its own tax rates). Finally, the degree
of influence which a local government is able to exert over higher levels of government is
also an important factor. This political influence expresses itself through both an indirect and
a direct acces ...
County Government Roles and Responsibilities
... or county administrator, the board shall designate,
no later than January 1, 1987, an elected or
appointed official to serve as administrative
coordinator of the county . The administrative
coordinator shall be responsible for coordinating all
administrative and management functions of the
county go ...
Denmark and Sweden
... jurisdictions, powers, organizations, electoral systems, financial organization
and auditing procedures. Also, differentiates between rich (Skane, Stockholm)
and poorer regions (Kolmar, Malland)
• Current reforms do not challenge the existence of local governments but are
attempting to review their ...
the province of zaragoza, spain (dpz) 1. some facts and figures
... Partner countries: Greece, France, Malta and Poland
Objective: To exploit the potential of the Internet to improve access of rural
population to all amenities. The e-administration and e-government resume
aspects such as electronic voting and the possibility of obtaining certificates
and official do ...
Local Government - El Camino College Compton Center
... The Nature of State &Local Relations
• Most state constitutions create a unitary system
in which power is concentrated in a central
• Unlike states, local governments usually have no
constitutional authority in their own right
• Constitutional home rule granted constitutional
LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT
... about 1,600 to more than 11,000,
while the average number of municipalities in each prefecture was reduced from about 120 (116.5) to a
little over 20 (20.66) units. From this
perspective, “prefectural local governments”, especially outside the
metropolitan regions, now seem to
be too small to handle ...
Local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.The question of municipal autonomy is a key question of public administration and governance. The institutions of local government vary greatly between countries, and even where similar arrangements exist, the terminology often varies. Common names for local government entities include state, province, region, department, county, prefecture, district, city, township, town, borough, parish, municipality, shire, village, and local service district.