Animal and Machine Consciousness
... But I believe I do not need to spend much time making the point that
although IBM’s “Deep Blue” could beat Kasparov at chess, it is
computationally powerful, but the intelligence is in its design.
... matter of the brain during
They produce the highest
quality signals of BCI
Prone to building up of
damaged sight and
functionality to paralyzed
The Higher-Order Approach to Consciousness
... and “nothing that it’s like for one to be in a qualitative state that isn’t conscious,” (p.
10). The sensory qualities of the first-order states (that is to say, the starred
properties) play no role in determining the phenomenal character of a conscious
experience other than that of concept acquisit ...
PDF - Oxford Academic - Oxford University Press
... he sees re-entry as a flow of ‘information’ (that word again!)
between different areas. As Zeman explains it, these ‘allow
local cortical circuits to perform their specialised ‘segregated’
functions while at the same time entering into a ‘unifying
dialogue’’ (p. 289). I cannot see how the functional ...
The Puzzle of Conscious Experience - Filosofia - nihilsibi
... In searching for an alternative, a key observation is that not all entities in science are explained in
terms of more basic entities. In physics, for example, space-time, mass and charge (among other
things) are regarded as fundamental features of the world, as they are not reducible to anything
The Puzzle of Conscious Experience
... Chalmers calls the hard problem: a full accounting
visual cortical area will still be associated with a difof the manner in which subjective experience arisference in the motor stages. The implication is that
es from these cerebral processes.
we can never explain to other people the subjecWe commend ...
Hypnosis Handout - Updated 2016
... (ECS) into different streams. Part of the ECS functions normally, but is unable to represent itself in conscious awareness due to
the presence of an 'amnesic barrier'. Hypnotic suggestions act on the dissociated part of the ECS and the subject is aware of
the results of the suggestions, but is not a ...
The Puzzle of Conscious Experience
... Conscious experience is at once the most familiar thing in the world and the most mysterious. There is nothing we
know about more directly than consciousness, but it is extraordinarily hard to reconcile it with everything else we
know. Why does it exist? What does it do? How could it possibly arise ...
*What Is Consciousness?*
... Why Introspective Consciousness?
His idea is that it plays a role in controlling and
regulating our mental processes: it’s “much
easier to achieve integration of the states and
activities, to get them working together in the
complex and sophisticated ways necessary to
achieve complex and sophistica ...
Key to midterm - UCSD Cognitive Science
... in the individual. According to Vernon, the theta rhythm is a slow
rhythm which correlates with working memory and the SMR is found
over sensorimotor areas and correlates with attention. Theta rhythms
have also been implicated in “internal” states and processes such as
meditation or deep contemplat ...
Philip Buss - the IDeA Lab!
... other words, his visuospatial skills are intact. However, when told to pick up an object in
front of him, he shows complete incompetence. He gropes “blindly” toward an object
which he can see perfectly. His visuomotor abilities are completely impaired. A very
interesting discovery was made in a rece ...
Phenomenology without conscious access is a form of
... project from the back to the front of cortex and their targets in
the front that project back to the upper stages of the ventral
pathway (possibly involving stages of the thalamus, such as the
pulvinar [Crick & Koch 1998b], and the claustrum [Crick &
Koch 2005]). The subject now consciously sees the ...
a preliminary answer... - Vienna Conference on Consciousness
... transition. Remember: the work that would be done by the homunculus in the Cartesian Theater
is distributed in time as well as space. The tennis player returning serve does not have to wait
300 milliseconds to become “fully conscious” of the serve’s trajectory before shaping her return,
and a quick- ...
Misrepresentation, empty HOTs, and intrinsic HOTs: A reply to
... hold that HOTs are “necessarily accurate” and that I “guarantee” a match between a HOT and its
target, this is very misleading or at least oversimplified. So let’s look more closely:
First, if we think about the intrinsic/extrinsic issue from a third-person
neurophysiological perspective, there is ...
article - My Haiku
... consciousness. Because the observers never actually saw the naked images, they had no
idea they were attracted or repelled by them. This experiment is scary because it seems as
if people’s sexual orientation could be inferred (statistically) from their unconscious
attentional biases. An example of t ...
Quantum explanations of consciousness: A “Just So” story?.
... For a specific example: Why are you, the reader, conscious of the name ‘Heisenberg’ as you read it, while you will
not be conscious of it a minute later? William James and Descartes thought that conscious events, as they faded, leapt
the metaphysical divide between private subjectivity and the physi ...
Benjamin Libet (/ˈlɪbət/; April 12, 1916, Chicago, Illinois – July 23, 2007, Davis, California) was a pioneering scientist in the field of human consciousness. Libet was a researcher in the physiology department of the University of California, San Francisco. In 2003, he was the first recipient of the Virtual Nobel Prize in Psychology from the University of Klagenfurt, ""for his pioneering achievements in the experimental investigation of consciousness, initiation of action, and free will"".In the 1970s, Libet was involved in research into neural activity and sensation thresholds. His initial investigations involved determining how much activation at specific sites in the brain was required to trigger artificial somatic sensations, relying on routine psychophysical procedures. This work soon crossed into an investigation into human consciousness; his most famous experiment was meant to demonstrate that the unconscious electrical processes in the brain called Bereitschaftspotential (or readiness potential) discovered by Lüder Deecke and Hans Helmut Kornhuber in 1964 precede conscious decisions to perform volitional, spontaneous acts, implying that unconscious neuronal processes precede and potentially cause volitional acts which are retrospectively felt to be consciously motivated by the subject. The experiment has caused controversy not only because it challenges the belief in free will, but also due to a criticism of its implicit assumptions. It has also inspired further study of the neuroscience of free will.