Towards Different Law and Public Policy
... or damaging stereotypes of women and men. In the Netherlands there is general acceptance
of the view that Article 5a of CEDAW offers an additional legal tool to combat discrimination
against women, when compared with national Dutch and European Community law that
prohibits discrimination on the grou ...
Gender Differences in Educational Outcomes. Study on the
... extent, with a variety of implications for educational policy and practice. The chapter includes a subsection on gender as an issue of EU policies.
Chapter 2 explores the gender patterns in achievement by subject (reading, mathematics and
science). It discusses the 'gender gaps' in terms of boys out ...
2. Access to justice for women in gender-based violence
... The ability to access justice is a human right in itself and is also key to the
realisation of all other human rights, including the rights to non-discrimination and
equality.1 Yet, many obstacles impede access to justice, including the cost of legal
representation, corruption and lack of awareness ...
Does it Cost Too Much? A `Difference` Look at J.E.B. v. Alabama
... only general information about each juror, such as name, address, employment, prior jury service, and involvement in lawsuits. In addition,
the judge places constraints on the voir dire of the jury panel. After
briefly questioning the jury, the attorney must determine which jurors
will best understa ...
Male Victims of Intimate Partner Violence in the United States
... intimate partner violence as women (cited in Johnson, 2005). This concept is in conflict
with the feminist concept of intimate partner violence and had called to question the
social control of gender and patriarchy. As a result, men who report abuse from an
intimate partner are viewed as cowards. Ex ...
Flirting with Capital: Negotiating Perceptions of
... comparative approach illuminates how ruptures in the global economy allow local elite men in
emerging markets to contest the hegemony of Western masculinities.
This study highlights how two developments in global finance—the 2008 financial crisis
centered in the United States and Central Europe and ...
The Tuskegee Flash and the Slender Harlem Stroker
... field versus tennis. During Coachman’s career, the sport of track and field remained a
decidedly masculine endeavor. While women first began competing in the 1920s and
initially enjoyed popularity, physical education leaders soon began criticizing female participation in the sport, positing that the ...
Bringing Equality Home: Implementing the
... issue and are committed to consistently relating human rights to the development dialogue. We are convinced that a women’s human rights framework equips women with a way to define and express their
experiences of violence, discrimination, and marginalisation. This framework provides a critical persp ...
Pay Equity Info Sheet - National Association of Women and the
... the merits of the case. One of the many examples of the shortfalls of the pay equity system
is the case of unionized clerical workers at Canada Post. These employees have now
waited over twenty-one years to have their complaint settled by the Canadian Human
The responsibility to mak ...
Education for All: A Gender and Disability Perspective
... In light of the international commitment to Education for All (EFA), how are girls with
disabilities faring? In truth, we don’t know, although from what we can extrapolate from the
meager research that exists on the subject, they are not faring well. Widespread cultural biases
based on gender and di ...
Gender and agency versus communion at the threshold of adulthood
... above-mentioned tendency mainly concerns the generation
of young people who are entering adulthood and were born
after the period of intense political transformation (Melosik,
2002). As research shows (Wojciszke &Szlendak, 2010),
both men and women begin to perceive themselves more
in accordance wit ...
In India, patriarchal perceptions of women are often the
... actually able to eliminate harmful stereotypes that are deeply entrenched in society, which in
itself is fundamental to eradicating all forms of discrimination against women. The
elimination of harmful stereotypes directed at women is vital for putting an end to acts of
violence being directed again ...
Public Restrooms - Moritz College of Law
... The specter of “unisex bathrooms” helped derail the ratification of the
federal Equal Rights Amendment (“ERA”) in the 1970s and 1980s.21 ERA
opponents invoked the symbol of “unisex bathrooms” to attack sex-integrated
bathrooms on the basis that such bathrooms would make society unisex by
leading to ...
Similarly Situated?: The Evolution of Gender
... could be selected for jury duty unless she
volunteered. After an all-male jury convicted a Florida woman of killing her husband,
the defendant claimed that the unconstitutional exclusion of women from juries violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s protection against arbitrary class exclusions and
any ex ...
ALMALAUREA WORKING PAPERS no. 32 The Gender Wage Gap
... with female-typed jobs could be compensated by non-pecuniary amenities, like mother-friendly
work time or non-risky tasks, but empirical evidence for this hypothesis is rather weak (England
1992). An additional reason is crowding: given the existence of discrimination in access to maletraditional oc ...
morote traducciones - Instituto de la Mujer
... what have been the paths taken by different countries, in terms of Education policies and
of equal opportunities policies among women and men.
This Guide offers a series of examples to approach Education in Equality at the different
levels of the system of education. These range from working proposa ...
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the
... justified by productivity differences between the sexes (e.g., work experience and
educational attainment). In other words, if women had the same human capital
attributes as men, they might earn perhaps 80% as much as men. Some believe that
the remaining, unexplained portion of the wage gap represen ...
Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children
... women with respect to men and their stereotyped roles are perpetuated” (para. 10). In the same way,
violence against children, including its most common form, corporal punishment, is a fundamental
mechanism by which children’s subordinate position to adults is maintained. The oppression of women
Precision Medicine - The Boston Foundation
... Initiative” (PMI), a new approach to studying the
differences in people’s genes, environments, and lifestyle
to develop targeted, more individualized treatments for
a host of diseases. Against the backdrop of this landmark
initiative, we can prioritize the inclusion of women and
a focus on sex- and ...
... attention to the role of social and economic determinants of health. A lack of access
to clean water, adequate nutrition and safe sanitation, a lack of gender-specific
health research and technology and insufficient gender sensitivity in the provision of
health information and health care and health ...
Final Research Report Background and Literature Review In
... physically accessible, and have overlooked the inclusion of people with disabilities
due to cultural beliefs that this population is “non-sexual” and therefore safe from
contracting the disease. As a result, HIV/AIDS continues to flourish among disabled
Persons with disabilities (and women w ...
At Issue: Sex and Gender in Schizophrenia
... and preference items. For example, "I like Mechanics
magazine," "My feelings are not easily hurt," and "I frequently find it necessary to stand up for what is right"
are considered male-atypical when answered "false" by
men and "yes" by women. High T scores for both sexes
indicate greater deviation ...
EFFECTS OF GENDER DIFFERENCES ON LEADERSHIP STYLES
... The reason for different research results lies in differences in methodology and way of data collecting. According to Engen, there are three typical
problems in literature. These problems are related to differences between
sexes in leadership styles.12 First problem presents conclusions about women
How could the Convention CEDAW B IMPLEMENTED IN EU
... equality of women and men in all domains covered by CEDAW must be realized in
practice. However, it is for the CEDAW Committee to determine whether all necessary
measures were indeed adopted. The agreement of States Parties to pursue an
appropriate policy without delay makes it clear that their obli ...
UNESCO: Mainstreaming the Needs of Women
... men will not depend on whether they are born male or female. Gender equality, also
defined in terms of an equal distribution of economic power, must be understood as a
distribution of influence, power and opportunities based on parity.
Gender equity means fairness of treatment for women and men, a ...
Title IX is a portion of the United States Education Amendments of 1972, Public Law No. 92‑318, 86 Stat. 235 (June 23, 1972), codified at 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681–1688, co-authored and introduced by Senator Birch Bayh; it was renamed the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act in 2002, after its House co-author and sponsor. It states (in part) that:No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.