2nd Summative Test Practice Exam 2011
... 45. The normal curve would represent the distribution of:
the American population in terms of gender.
American schoolchildren in terms of their ages.
American women in terms of their physical heights.
all of the above.
46. A fixed-ratio schedule of reinforcement is one in which a respon ...
2251 sociology - Past Papers Of Home
... identification or partial description.
Likely disadvantages of qualitative research: lacks reliability; cannot be generalised; may be
expensive; may be too subjective. Any other reasonable response. 2 marks for a full
description, 1 mark for identification or partial description.
BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION: Strategies for Everyday Use
... Billy likes to camp-out in the backyard. He
camped-out on every Friday during the
month of June. The last time he camped
out, some older kids snuck up to his tent
while he was sleeping and threw a bucket of
cold water on him. Billy has not camped-out
for three weeks.
Construal level theory
Construal level theory (CLT) is a theory in social psychology that describes the relation between psychological distance and the extent to which people's thinking (e.g., about objects and events) is abstract or concrete. The general idea is that the more distant an object is from the individual, the more abstract it will be thought of, while the closer the object is, the more concretely it will be thought of. In CLT, psychological distance is defined on several dimensions — temporal, spatial, social and hypothetical distance being considered most important, though there is some debate among social psychologists about further dimensions like informational, experiential or affective distance.An example of construal level effects would be that although planning one's next summer vacation one year in advance (in the distant future) will cause one to focus on broad, decontextualized features of the situation (e.g., anticipating fun and relaxation), while the very same vacation planned to occur very soon will cause one to focus on specific features of the present situation (e.g. what restaurants to make reservations for, going for a trip in an off-road vehicle). According to construal level theory people perceive events that vary in several types of psychological distance: