Power Analysis as a Critique of Power Politics
... Bretton-Woods regime.1 Within this pool of writers were also many who, until then, were
considered to be regular IR scholars, more or less influenced by Realism. One of the
hypotheses I want to develop in the following chapters, is that there has been a rapprochement between those “Classical” IR wri ...
POWER: A RADICAL VIEW, SECOND EDITION
... idea that ‘the concentration of power in America ought not to
be considered excessive because one group always balanced the
power of others’) and ‘the end of ideology’ (the idea that ‘grand
passions over ideas were exhausted’ and henceforth ‘we would
require technical expertise to solve our problems ...
UNIT 16 POWER AND AUTHORITY
... it is based on customary law and the sanctity of ancient traditions. It is
based on the belief that a certain authority is to be respected because it has
existed since time immemorial.
In traditional authority, rulers enjoy personal authority by virtue of their
inherited status. Their commands are i ...
Thesis Eleven - capacité d`affect
... word in order to begin a research. Problems concern and sometimes run all over
experience. Before a problem, it is difficult to tell the cognitive from the moral, the
cultural from the political. It is the problem that opens and leads the enquiry. This
original problem should not be confused with th ...
Authority, Power, Leadership: Sociological Understandings
... ideals of France. Nietzche’s Superman involved an appeal to charismatic authority. Charismatic authority can be malevolent (Caesarism,
Hitler) as well as benevolent (Jesus).
The followers of the charismatic leader do not think that they have
a choice in obeying her command (“You have the words of et ...
Decentralisation and Political Power:
... obtaining compliance should not be regarded as forms of power. The possession and
use of power should not be identified with the use of force. In Parsons' view, force
must be seen as only one means among several modes of obtaining compliance. Force
can be used in any stable political systems only as ...
Introduction: Power is the Central Concept of the
... on the body of ‘suspects’ that would not be normatively appropriate in other countries. The
policy trades off the different ways of thinking about and doing power in countries such as
Poland and Egypt from the US. Theoretically, the same differentiation in practices also
occurs. Some language games ...
Journal of Political Power Perspectives on power
... focuses on defining the concept of power, the semantics of power, and the logic of
power relations. There has been very little attention paid to the question of how a theoretical analysis of power might relate to the practical reasoning of agents who exercise
power. Where scholars do address questio ...
Power: A `family resemblance` concept
... ‘conceptual tools’, whereby pragmatic criteria of usefulness, rather than essence, define better
or worse usage. When moving language games, the relationship between signifier and referent
changes, which leads to confusion, unless the family resemblance nature of power is understood.
In the literatu ...
1 Societies as organized power networks
... whole," and so it is not helpful to make a distinction between "social action"
and "social structure."
I overstated my point in the preceding paragraph for the sake of effect. I
will not dispense altogether with these ways of looking at societies. Yet most
sociological orthodoxies - such as systems ...
Dominant Corporate Agents and the Power Elite
... linked to the notion of agency and to a ‘transformative capacity’ (Giddens 1976: 110) that
explains the emergence of asymmetric social relations. Power may be exercised visibly,
or may be an unexercised capacity that may yet have significant effects. In its most
obvious, classic form, the episodic e ...
Power in Social Organization: A Sociological Review
... granted to an actor through direct procedures such as formal votes or informal
agreements, but more commonly it is indirectly expressed as one joins an organization,
remains a member of it, and supports the action of its leaders who claim legitimacy.
Max Weber (1947: 324-325; 1993: 39-47) identified ...
D1.1 Chapter 9: `How does the analysis of Mann enrich the `
... Mann points to the diversity of goals humans have (and the resulting inability to build a theory on
this). Power is a ‘generalized means’ (Parson as cited in Mann, 1986) for reaching these goals.
People need to enter power relations with each other to push their goals but the different networks
do n ...
Two faces of „relational turn“ in the social sciences
... communicate it to others, we do not think and say, “Look at the
perpetual flowing of the water”; we say, “Look how fast the
river is flowing.” We say, “The wind is blowing,” as if the wind
were actually a thing at rest which, at a given point in time,
begins to move and blow. We speak as if a wind c ...
Book Review: Symbolic Power, Politics and Intellectuals: The
... the political f ield, and eventually to state power. Examining the way these struggles are resolved, and
understanding the multiplicity of ways these resolutions can be misunderstood, is key f or Bourdieu.
In the later chapters of this excellent tome, Swartz f ocuses on the notion of ‘symbolic power ...
Culture and Visual Forms of Power
... which has been previously insensible (Panagia 2009) within the complex forces
that drive people to exercise power over spaces. We can say, in other words, that
when attention is drawn to something that was previously neglected or
incomprehensible metaphorically what was invisible becomes visible. An ...
Political Science 1 – US Government West Coast American Leadership Academy
... power, superpower, and hegemon, to its present empire
status. American power is felt throughout the international
community. Playing poker requires one to adopt what is
commonly known as a “poker face”. Players will hide their
true emotions, even faking their true intentions to catch other
players o ...
Power and Politics Unit P1: Basic Concepts
... he / she holds. The employee, for example, would not be forced to recognize the
authority of the employer outside of the workplace (although, as is the nature of
our social relationships, both will be aware of their respective status differences in
any such situation). Similarly, certain commands wo ...
3-ring circus background
... church depends on the position of the particular church on the power pole.2 Some institutions,
however, try to limit the extent to which power in one area spills over into another. One example
is the limit on the amount corporations can contribute to political parties.
In contrast to power-over othe ...
French and Raven's bases of power
In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John R. P. French and Bertram Raven in 1959, power is divided into five separate and distinct forms. In 1965 Raven revised this model to include a sixth form by separating the informational power base as distinct from the expert power base.Relating to social communication studies, power in social influence settings has introduced a large realm of research pertaining to persuasion tactics and leadership practices. Through social communication studies, it has been theorized that leadership and power are closely linked. It has been further presumed that different forms of power affect one's leadership and success. This idea is used often in organizational communication and throughout the workforce. In a notable study of power conducted by social psychologists John R. P. French and Bertram Raven in 1959, power is divided into five separate and distinct forms. They identified those five bases of power as coercive, reward, legitimate, referent, and expert. This was followed by Raven's subsequent identification in 1965 of a sixth separate and distinct base of power: informational power. Furthermore, French and Raven defined social influence as a change in the belief, attitude, or behavior of a person (the target of influence) which results from the action of another person (an influencing agent), and they defined social power as the potential for such influence, that is, the ability of the agent to bring about such a change using available resources.Though there have been many formal definitions of leadership that did not include social influence and power, any discussion of leadership must inevitably deal with the means by which a leader gets the members of a group or organization to act and move in a particular direction.Whereby, this is to be considered “power” in social influential situations.