Week 5 Reading and Vocab Sheet 2nd Semester
... 6. What do presidents look for in selecting a Supreme Court justice? How often are they
successful in appointing judges who reflect their judicial philosophy? Provide a few examples
from the twentieth century of presidents succeeding and failing to have a direct influence on
Principal of Sovereignty
... countries in the matter of jurisdiction over their own
In many countries, comity is effective only to the
extent that foreign laws or judgments do not directly
conflict with the forum country's public policy
National criminal jurisdiction
... The State can do what it wants within its
own borders or: The State is not subject
to the authority of others
Equality of States:
States cannot infringe on the sovereignty
of other states and they must agree on
how to relate to each other and how to
Restatement (Third) of Foreign Relations Law of
... international system;
(g) the extent to which another state may have an interest in regulating the
(h) the likelihood of conflict with regulation by another state.
(3) When it would not be unreasonable for each of two states to exercise
jurisdiction over a person or activity, but the p ...
Why Are There Two Court Systems in the United States
... U.S. District Courts
There are 94 U.S. District Courts in the United States. Every state has at least one district court, and some large states, such as California,
have as many as four. Each district court has between 2 and 28 judges. The U.S. District Courts are trial courts, or courts of original ...
... (1) Nicaragua had not itself consented to, and therefore
could not invoke, ICJ jurisdiction;
(2) the dispute with Nicaragua was one involving ‘‘armed
conflict,’’ collective self-defense and preservation of
regional stability, and thus fell outside the ICJ’s
jurisdiction as set forth in the U.N. Char ...
... weight, not only when States contemplate new activities but also when
continuing with activities begun in the past. This need to reconcile economic
development with protection of the environment is aptly expressed in the
concept of sustainable development.
For the purposes of the present case, this ...
London Court of Arbitration
... The resolution of disputes between citizens of different countries, with business
transactions that span continents and cultures, raises many complicated legal and tactical
problems. Consider a dispute involving an American manufacturer that purchases
thousands of meters of cloth from a Chinese supp ...
Volume 59, Issue 1 - Stanford Law Review
... otherwise must. Federal-court abstention and supplemental jurisdiction likewise
work to relax jurisdiction’s (seemingly) inflexible limits—the first releasing
courts from duties that otherwise bind them, the other permitting courts to
claim authority they otherwise do not hold. 9 None would be neces ...
... This study is intended to assist the Special Representative of the UN SecretaryGeneral on Business and Human Rights (“SRSG”) as he works to operationalize the
UN “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework, and particularly as he develops
guidance on the state duty to protect against corporate-related a ...
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning ""law"" and dicere meaning ""to speak"") is the practical authority to interpret and apply the law, or to govern and legislate. It is granted to a formally constituted legal body, such as a court, or to a political leader. It grants authority to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice. Jurisdiction has defined areas of responsibility, e.g. Michigan tax law. Areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels, e.g. the court has jurisdiction to apply federal law. Colloquially it is used to refer to the geographical area to which such authority applies, e.g. the court has jurisdiction over all of Colorado. The legal term refers only to the granted authority, not to a geographical area.Jurisdiction draws its substance from public international law, conflict of laws, constitutional law, and the powers of the executive and legislative branches of government to allocate resources to best serve the needs of its native society.