“Mind over Reality Theory”: A New Explanation for Unusual Features
... "psychological evolutionary barrier"––until our ancestors finally broke through by hitting upon a rare and
unlikely combination of cognitive changes, in which two intrinsically maladaptive traits combined to allow a
“Mind over Reality” transition. Once the barrier was broken, conventional natural se ...
Buddhist View of Mind_home
... Is it possible to observe mental states
and processes with the mind?
Even with no mental training, we can detect:
• Emotional states
• Observe thoughts and images arising in the
• Introspectively recognize from moment to
moment whether our minds are calm or agitated
• Perceive that we are cons ...
BRAIN AND MIND
... content derives from individual experience with the physical or
social world. As Aquinas put it, there is "nothing in the intellect
which was not previously in the senses". All adult mental
content is considered to be acquired or constructed through the
operation of general-purpose learning niechani ...
Agenda 3.4 Balance Theory P-O-X Theory (or Balance theory
... • Balance theory (P-O-X) explains that the relationships between person, other
person, and attitude object are balanced or unbalanced
Unbalanced relationships (inconsistent states) motivate people to achieve
balanced (consistent states) relationships
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
• Cognitive dissonanc ...
Tree of Knowledge
... problem of justification, and this evolutionary pressure ultimately resulted in the human selfconsciousness system and human culture. The JH carries with it three fundamental postulates.
The first is that the evolution of language must have created the problem of justification, which
is the problem ...
Introduction to Cognitive Science
... Computations might still be sufficient
for mentality even if some aspects of
the human mind can only be explained
Review for Examination I
... Piaget proposed his views via a stage theory. What are the tenets of a
What is the semi-clinical interview? What are the potential problems
with this approach? Be able to talk about the Day care scandal in the
80s & problems with repressed memories when seeing a Psychologist.
Is Psychology a Science? -RE-S-O-N-A-N-C-E--I-N-o-ve-m-b-e-r-
... call themselves 'sciences' .....To many minds (the word 'science') suggests an arcane infallibiUty....The riVal
picture I want to suggest is this: what we are all aiming at in intellectual disciplines Is knowledQe. and
understanding. There is only knowledge and understanding, whether we have it in m ...
... Why reject verifiability?
By then (for reasons we will study shortly), scientists and
philosophers recognized that no empirical theory could
ever be proven.
This seemed to take any degree of certainty off the table
Moreover, according to Popper, “verifications” or
confirmations of a theory were, in ...
EMOTION: Information as Subjective Feeling
... others in it
• Appraisals and interpretations of stress, loss
and danger: especially bodily experience
• Responses to those interpretations: defences,
memory, time and image
• The story we tell of our situation
• What change we envisage as solution
Hypnosis Handout - Updated 2016
... For over a century scientists and clinicians have proposed mechanisms to explain the phenomenon associated with hypnosis.
The key theories of hypnosis, historical and current, are presented here. For the more recent models some knowledge of
cognitive psychology is useful. Within psychology most curr ...
Theories of Development
... to correctly complete conservation tasks when these
tasks are modified in small ways.
• It is also believed that Piaget overestimated children’s
language abilities. It appears that for some tasks the
children do not lack the cognitive ability to complete
the task but rathe r the ability to communica ...
... in autism. Further, these three capacities involve forming
and coordinating social representations of self and other at
increasingly complex levels via representational processes
that extract patterns of similarity between self and other.”
– imitation plays a primary constructive role in the generat ...
No Slide Title
... We now know how to deal with complexity
Hierarchical decomposition in time and space
Iconic: Signals, Images, Maps
Symbolic: Entities, Events
Relationships: Pointers, Classes
4D/RCS architecture validated by Demo III
... They are in a different logical category than bodies, just as
Wednesdays are in a different category than navies.
Wednesdays do not “exist in space” and neither do minds,
but not because they are both non-spatial entities.
• The concept of mind is the concept of various complex
behaviors, or disposi ...
alphabet of human thought
... o Focusing on behavior allowed animal experimentation door to open
o Need to just shape our envnt to understand our behavior, no need for
o Study all this by animals if it’s the same, because learning principles in
humans will appear in animals
Classical conditioning: associat ...
Dialogicality and Social Representations
... stability and certainty. The history of European science in general, and social science in particular shows that in order to study change, the reference
point is stability. Referring to ancient Greek ontology, Lloyd (1994, p. 96)
has pointed out that, when Greek philosophers studied change, they
Chapter 4 of Student Study Notes
... theory (how people ‘s behavior is affected by experiences of attachment to others); self theory (how the
structure of people’s identifies affects there interactions with others); and relational theory (how people
operate in their relationships, and what they bring to them from their past).
Rational Choice and Social Theory - University of Helsinki Confluence
... psychology, studied in the laboratory, the psychoanalyst's office, or
through introspection, appears to be far more complicated and has
much more structure than rational-choice theory allows. The conception of human rational agency in terms of maximizing over a
complete and consistent set of prefere ...
Functionalism According to functionalism, the essential or defining
joy-in-a-Martian = something else entirely.
This means that we may expect some type/type reductions of mental states to physical
states after all, though they will be much narrower than was first suggested. Furthermore,
it means that functionalist claims concerning the radical autonomy of ps ...
The manifold nature of interpersonal relations: the quest for a
... interpersonal bonds. As shown by Meltzoff and Moore,
newborns as young as 18 hours old can reproduce mouth
and face movements displayed by the adult they are facing
(Meltzoff & Moore 1977; see also Meltzoff & Moore
1997; Meltzoff 2002). What is remarkable is that this
behaviour is instantiated by bo ...
Theory of mind
Theory of mind (often abbreviated ToM) is the ability to attribute mental states — beliefs, intents, desires, pretending, knowledge, etc. — to oneself and others and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own. Deficits can occur in people with autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, as well as neurotoxicity due to alcohol abuse. Although philosophical approaches to this exist, the theory of mind as such is distinct from the philosophy of mind.