Word - Review of Disability Studies: An International Journal
... of autism as a plurality of different modes of mental processing, of interpreting and living in the
world, that are not well served by classification as a mental disorder or disease.
Autism is just emerging as an object of psychological study. Even as late as 2002,
experts in the field were willing ...
INTENTIONAL ATTUNEMENT: MIRROR NEURONS
... Any account of human intersubjectivity cannot get away from language, because language is the most specific hallmark of what it means
to be human. Human language for most of its history has been just
spoken language. This may suggest that language most likely evolved
in order to provide individuals ...
Entrepreneurship Research and Grounded Theory
... concentrates on the motivations and actions of just one person, the entrepreneur or ownermanager, but invariably others are involved who also shape the enterprise and its destiny.
(Curran and Blackburn, 2001, p.5)
The qualitative researcher must satisfy epistemological and methodological
The Theory Question In Research Capacity Building In Education
... more theory (Thomas) or, in the case of Carr, of no theory at all. These discussions
not only raise questions about the particular role of theory within the ‘paradigm’ of
evidence-based education, but also indicate a need for a more precise analysis of the
extent to which and the ways in which educ ...
Attitudes - Mrs. Harvey`s Social Psychology Class
... "Every man has reminiscences which he would not tell to everyone
but only his friends. He has other matters in his mind which he
would not reveal even to his friends, but only to himself, and that
in secret. But there are other things which a man is afraid to tell
even to himself, and every decent ...
challenges to grounded theory - Swedish Collegium for Advanced
... legitimates his move is not in principle different from what Kydland and Prescott (1996)
argues when they favour the “computational experiment”.
The main idea is this one: Variables-based statistical methods do not yield causal
explanations, but they yield “sophisticated descriptions”. Theory is dev ...
Turning to practice – what does it mean and why is it important?
... concepts metaphorically from mathematics, cybernetics, or biology, or from “the researcher’s
own culture” whatever that is, or from wherever, and applying them to atomised and isolated
observational data produced by short-term visiting strangers in “as-if” explanations and
interpretations. Without g ...
The End of Theorists:
... newcomers into the theory field will be induced to disinvest from the field precisely because their expectations,
which are attuned to an earlier state of the field, will be
consistently betrayed by it. I think something like that is
already beginning to happen.
There are, however, opportunities to ...
The manifold nature of interpersonal relations: the quest for a
... interpersonal bonds. As shown by Meltzoff and Moore,
newborns as young as 18 hours old can reproduce mouth
and face movements displayed by the adult they are facing
(Meltzoff & Moore 1977; see also Meltzoff & Moore
1997; Meltzoff 2002). What is remarkable is that this
behaviour is instantiated by bo ...
Functionalism According to functionalism, the essential or defining
joy-in-a-Martian = something else entirely.
This means that we may expect some type/type reductions of mental states to physical
states after all, though they will be much narrower than was first suggested. Furthermore,
it means that functionalist claims concerning the radical autonomy of ps ...
Rational Choice and Social Theory - University of Helsinki Confluence
... psychology, studied in the laboratory, the psychoanalyst's office, or
through introspection, appears to be far more complicated and has
much more structure than rational-choice theory allows. The conception of human rational agency in terms of maximizing over a
complete and consistent set of prefere ...
Chapter 4 of Student Study Notes
... theory (how people ‘s behavior is affected by experiences of attachment to others); self theory (how the
structure of people’s identifies affects there interactions with others); and relational theory (how people
operate in their relationships, and what they bring to them from their past).
Dialogicality and Social Representations
... stability and certainty. The history of European science in general, and social science in particular shows that in order to study change, the reference
point is stability. Referring to ancient Greek ontology, Lloyd (1994, p. 96)
has pointed out that, when Greek philosophers studied change, they
alphabet of human thought
... o Focusing on behavior allowed animal experimentation door to open
o Need to just shape our envnt to understand our behavior, no need for
o Study all this by animals if it’s the same, because learning principles in
humans will appear in animals
Classical conditioning: associat ...
... They are in a different logical category than bodies, just as
Wednesdays are in a different category than navies.
Wednesdays do not “exist in space” and neither do minds,
but not because they are both non-spatial entities.
• The concept of mind is the concept of various complex
behaviors, or disposi ...
No Slide Title
... We now know how to deal with complexity
Hierarchical decomposition in time and space
Iconic: Signals, Images, Maps
Symbolic: Entities, Events
Relationships: Pointers, Classes
4D/RCS architecture validated by Demo III
... in autism. Further, these three capacities involve forming
and coordinating social representations of self and other at
increasingly complex levels via representational processes
that extract patterns of similarity between self and other.”
– imitation plays a primary constructive role in the generat ...
Theories of Development
... to correctly complete conservation tasks when these
tasks are modified in small ways.
• It is also believed that Piaget overestimated children’s
language abilities. It appears that for some tasks the
children do not lack the cognitive ability to complete
the task but rathe r the ability to communica ...
Hypnosis Handout - Updated 2016
... For over a century scientists and clinicians have proposed mechanisms to explain the phenomenon associated with hypnosis.
The key theories of hypnosis, historical and current, are presented here. For the more recent models some knowledge of
cognitive psychology is useful. Within psychology most curr ...
EMOTION: Information as Subjective Feeling
... others in it
• Appraisals and interpretations of stress, loss
and danger: especially bodily experience
• Responses to those interpretations: defences,
memory, time and image
• The story we tell of our situation
• What change we envisage as solution
... Why reject verifiability?
By then (for reasons we will study shortly), scientists and
philosophers recognized that no empirical theory could
ever be proven.
This seemed to take any degree of certainty off the table
Moreover, according to Popper, “verifications” or
confirmations of a theory were, in ...
Is Psychology a Science? -RE-S-O-N-A-N-C-E--I-N-o-ve-m-b-e-r-
... call themselves 'sciences' .....To many minds (the word 'science') suggests an arcane infallibiUty....The riVal
picture I want to suggest is this: what we are all aiming at in intellectual disciplines Is knowledQe. and
understanding. There is only knowledge and understanding, whether we have it in m ...
Review for Examination I
... Piaget proposed his views via a stage theory. What are the tenets of a
What is the semi-clinical interview? What are the potential problems
with this approach? Be able to talk about the Day care scandal in the
80s & problems with repressed memories when seeing a Psychologist.
Theory of mind
Theory of mind (often abbreviated ToM) is the ability to attribute mental states — beliefs, intents, desires, pretending, knowledge, etc. — to oneself and others and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own. Deficits can occur in people with autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, as well as neurotoxicity due to alcohol abuse. Although philosophical approaches to this exist, the theory of mind as such is distinct from the philosophy of mind.