... If the room is dark then either the light switch is turned off or the bulb has
Reading Dewey`s Political Philosophy Through
... primarily with their political philosophies, with politics understood as a necessary, though
limited component of democracy as a way of life.2 Addams gives elements of her political
philosophy in a number of essays she wrote defending her participation in the 1912 Progressive
Party convention, and D ...
James, Dewey, and Democracy
... experience itself is not immediately sentenced. To Schiller, James writes, “Dewey’s powerful
stuff seems also to ring the death knell of a sentenced world. Yet none of them will see it –
Taylor will still write his refutations etc, etc, when the living world will be all drifting after us.”15
Here we ...
How Popper`s `Three Worlds Theory` Resembles Moscovici`s
... or testability.” (1962, p. 37). Still, one could ask why Popper differentiates between falsification
and verification at all. A scientific theory makes certain predictions about observable events and
they happen to be true or not (or something in between) and the theory is either falsified or
Popper and Xenophanes - ORCA
... reputation, then, turns not on his choice of metre or medium, but on the
substance of his teaching on topics such as cosmology and epistemology.
As I have mentioned, the only reason to credit the interpretation of
Empedocles and Aristotle is fragment B28, and fortunately what is at
stake is one sin ...
American Social Science: The Irrelevance of Pragmatism
... Third, after considering the views of Peirce and James against the background of then
current understandings of science, I develop Dewey’s largely unacknowledged and frequently misunderstood criticism of the genesis of positivist academic psychology and social
What is Science?
In what beca ...
A Call for Inclusion in the Pragmatic Justification of Democracy
... developed metaphysics of experience and to assume a vision of human
flourishing within a community bounded by unquestioned ideals. His thick
account of nature, humanity and community are too substantive for a pluralist
democracy and undercut his supposed commitment to free inquiry.
So let us not be ...
John Ryder ABSTRACT: Philosophers have
... experience. Benjamin spoke of language, Dewey of
inference, and Buchler of judgment. This paper discusses
what each meant, why each addressed the question as
he did, and in the end which is preferable. The argument
is made that Benjamin and Dewey exaggerated the role
of language and inference respec ...
Knowledge and the curriculum - Brunel University Research Archive
... might ask, should there be for the child to creatively interpret and appropriate the
curriculum? Isn't the very point of education that children not just 'get' the curriculum but
that they get it 'right'? And doesn't that imply that while there is an obvious need for the coordination of the individu ...
The Poverty of Historicism
... As for other suggestions about the differences between the natural and the
social sciences, Popper's general position seems to be that there is a tendency
to exaggerate difficulties into impossibilities. Certainly there are all sorts of
differences involved in solving problems concerning our fellow ...
John Dewey on the Public Responsibility of Intellectuals
... it, on the one hand, might gain significant notoriety but are merely ineffectual
popularizes of ideas that are “vacuous and hollow,” whereas many who work
within the academy and write principally for other academics, on the other,
powerfully influence the broader world.2 By both West’s and Dewey’s
The Metaphysics of John Dewey, Part II
... City of all places, that gave him a deep sense of safety and peace. But experiential mysticism
was not enough to assuage Dewey’s feelings of isolation and estrangement, since he was, above
all, an inveterate intellectual. What he craved was a philosophy that intellectually would bear out
what he de ...
Dewey`s Concepts of Stability and Precariousness - Purdue e-Pubs
... it searches out consciously new kinds of things by varying the conditions within
which objects interact and hence opens up the possibility of ﬁnding novel kinds
(new stable means) by means of such variation.17 The modern scientiﬁc method,
unlike Aristotelian scientiﬁc method, does not consider an ob ...
EXPERIENCE AND PERCEPTUAL BELIEF
... Popper discussed the relations between perceptual experience and perceptual belief in
his Logic of Scientific Discovery, first published in 1934. He called it the ‘problem of
the empirical basis’. I think his discussion is a philosophical tour de force. Most
philosophers think it completely wrong-he ...
the liberalism of karl popper
... conclusions from the collapse of induction: rather, appealing to a principle of transference from validity in logic to
efficacy in psychology, he rehabilitates rationality in
thought and action with the conjecture that learning occurs
in human beings and all other problem-solving organisms,
not thro ...
lesson on logic and arguments
... Quotes linked with proofs...
a proof is that which results from a valid argument
constructed from a set of true premises.
an argument which starts from one or more
premises which are propositions taken for granted
for the purpose of the argument, and argues to a
Pragmatist Historiography in Unmodern Philosophy and Modern
... It is tempting to dismiss the first half of Unmodern Philosophy and Modern Philosophy. At
first blush, it would not seem to be essential to Dewey’s foremost concern to provide a
naturalized account of knowing that avoids the hoary philosophical dualisms of body/
mind, thing/person, material/ideal, a ...
Two Responses to the Failings of Modern Economics: the
... Strassmann has captured the situation well in the course of promoting a feminist alternative
approach to economics:
“To a mainstream economist, theory means model, and model means ideas expressed in
mathematical form. In learning how to “think like an economist,” students learn certain critical
Popper`s Double Standard of Scientificity in
... difference regarding the status of a theory or hypothesis. What makes the difference is
the failing of any of the tests: refutation or falsification is the only means Popper allows
for the control of scientific knowledge. This essential qualification is Popper’s criterion
of the demarcation between ...
Liberalism and the Moral Significance of
... it seems to merge with that "classical liberalism" which appears (not completely without
justification) in the demonology of critics as the ideology of big business. This breach in
the liberal tradition represents the intrusion of romantic collectivism (whether in the
selfraggrandizement of the busi ...
Introduction - Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy
... changed; reality has changed. I may be embarrassed by my fright, but reality has been
changed via the process of inquiry. It is, of course, correct to say that the latter experience
is cognitively ‘truer’ than the former, but it is no more or less real.
In a note added to the end of the essay in res ...
Ethics without Ontology
... him on our farm. One day he had been drinking, and became enraged at one of our domestics
and cut his throat, whereupon my father bound him hand and foot and threw him into a ditch.
Then he sent a man to Athens to find out from the seer what ought to be done-meanwhile
paying no attention to the man ...
105661_53 The Enlightenment Programme and Karl Popper
... Much of the importance of Karl Popper’s work, especially of his first four books, stems from
the fact that it does much to correct defects of the traditional, bungled Enlightenment Programme
that we have inherited from the 18th century – although Popper does not himself formulate his
contribution in ...
Instrumentalism is one of a multitude of modern schools of thought created by scientists and philosophers throughout the 20th century. Its premises and practices were most clearly and persuasively stated by two philosophers—John Dewey (1859-1952) and Karl Popper (1902-1994). Independently, they defined the school quite similarly, but their judgments of it were irreconcilable.Dewey was a practitioner of instrumentalism who, while fearing that the name was easily misunderstood, adopted it for his modernization of tools of induction and his denial of reality behind experience. Popper was a critic who judged its insistence on induction and its denial of reality behind experience to be hopelessly flawed. These contrary judgments endowed the school with an enduring legacy of confusion and ambiguity.This article reports the definition of instrumentalism accepted by these two philosophers. It explains the grounds of their irreconcilable judgments, now embedded in popular understanding of the school. And it describes the practice of followers of each philosopher. The practice demonstrates that neither philosopher's judgments have achieved universal assent, leaving the school's meaning and legitimacy in modern scientific inquiry indeterminate.