Evolutionary stasis, constraint and other
... of phylogenetic inertia’. In this case, the operating
hypothesis is built on an adaptive framework and ES
ends up being the alternative explanatory hypothesis
(‘origin, not maintenance”, Coddington, 1988). The
differences between these two interpretations are
subtle but important. The latter case pu ...
Pre´cis of Evolution in Four Dimensions
... that there are Lamarckian processes in evolution.
August Weismann’s version of Darwinism, disapprovingly dubbed “neo-Darwinism” by Romanes, is an important part of the history of evolutionary thinking, and its
influence can still be seen in contemporary views of
heredity and evolution. Unlike Darwin ...
... evolutionary theory as such (evolution was advocated in different schools in France and Germany
before the publication of The Origin of Species).
Furthermore, some philosophers (such as
Teilhard de Chardin, Henri Bergson, and Alfred
North Whitehead) made interesting proposals for
a “metaphysics of e ...
Honey, I shrunk the organization: in search of
... ignored and forgotten. Thus "better" memes are selected.
Susan Blackmore (2000) applies to memes the same framework of The Selfish Gene by Dawkins to
conclude that humans, and society could be the carriers of memes in their competition across
time. As noted by Howard Aldrich, this would imply the ne ...
Foresight in cultural evolution. Biology and
... inaccurate theories of cultural change that were unilinear and progressive (e.g. Tylor 1871;
Morgan 1877). These flaws persisted into the mid-20th century (White 1959; Sahlins and
Service 1960). In recent years, however, there has been a growing movement in several
disciplines that has embraced a mo ...
Evolution, Culture, and the Human Mind
... can explain why some knowledge structures become and remain culturally popular
while others don’t. Kirkpatrick draws on recent advances in evolutionary psychology
to describe how a focus on psychological adaptations is necessary to forge connections between the mechanisms of genetic evolution and cu ...
Darwinism and Meaning
... and more specifically, by the awareness of our severely limited capacity to “leave something of oneself” for the future. In
other words, selection gave us not so much a fear of inevitable
mortality per se, but rather, a fear of what inevitable mortality
denies: legacy, i.e., the legacy of one’s cons ...
Human behavioral ecology and its evil twin
... at the individual level (Lamba and Mace 2011, 2012). This latter
proposition can be tested to some extent by correlating the relevant behavior with ecological variables, without necessarily invoking any particular model for the proximate mechanism by which
that variation arises in individuals or soc ...
"Genes, Memes and Demes," Biology and Philosophy 3:179
... scientists may be expedient for individuating conceptual systems and Hull uses the typespecimen method borrowed from biological systematics to exploit that expediency, but
credit is conferred or denied in virtue of the value of particular ideas, not because it is
"sociable" to do so (see Latour and ...
Review of P. Godfrey-Smith`s Darwinian populations and natural
... Critique of Replicators and of the Gene’s Eye View
A direct consequence of the Darwinian space is a critique of what can be called
synecdochic approaches to evolution: because of the failure to think about ENS in a
gradient way, biologists and philosophers have often mistaken a part for the whole. T ...
1 Introduction: The Evolution of Culture in a
... there were distinct limits to the extent to which humans have applied breeding techniques to their own kind, even in slavery. Still, unpalatable though it may be, some
degree of auto-domestication is probably observable in every society, and may have
been rife in human history (see e.g., Voland 1998 ...
perspective:is human cultural evolution darwinian? evidence
... kind likely to compete with their more long-standing counterparts.
Evidence that two or more cultural variants are indeed
competing comes from testing the prediction that over time
one variant will increase in frequency while another shows
a corresponding decrease. This has been demonstrated by
as a PDF
... Punctuated equilibrium appears to deviate
from the tenets proposed by gradualism because of
its emphasis on periods of rapid evolution.
However, though the changes are thought to be
occurring comparatively quickly, they are still
happening gradually with no significant changes
from one generation to ...
Culture as a system of adaptation and survival
... 4. Memes may also increase in frequency if they lead one to achieve influential
position in social hierarchy (discussed below)
These differences can produce very different outcomes from genetic evolution;
specifically, they allow us to predict that:
1) Cultural evol. will generally be much more rapi ...
TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN AS AN EVOLUTIONARY PROCESS
... epistemology (Hahlweg and Hooker, 1989; Callebaut and Pinxten, 1987). Another
source of inspiration is found in the more general attempt to construct at a universal
theory of evolution that transcends biological evolution. Such a theory, which
incorporates ideas from evolutionary epistemology, has a ...
The Population Memetics of Bird Song
... Some traits reinforce their own persistence and spread; others do not, and eventually disappear. Cultural selection can be defined as the probability that a given
meme will be accepted by a young bird. The selective value will be determined
by how acceptable a meme is, and refers to the survival of ...
2/11 - University of Texas
... 2. Of the offspring,
select individuals that
have the largest side
buds and breed them.
3. Of the offspring,
select individuals that
have the largest side
buds and breed them.
The Selfish Law: A Memetic Study Of The Transition
... memetics simply renames already established concepts – such as “culture” being
exchanged for “memeplex,” “cultural unit” for “meme”– the true innovation is not so
much in vocabulary, but in the accompanying paradigm shift. Observing culture through
the lens of memetics allows scholars to resolve the ...
Cultural Transmission and Diffusion
... variations among peoples are attributable to learnt
traditions and not to innate or genetic propensities.
At the same time, specific psychological adaptations have probably evolved to foster the selective
but accurate acquisition of rules through social
learning. Language itself can be seen as such ...
Making the Most of Web 2.0
... Web 2.0
• Is our own human evolution, part of our nature.
• Is a complete new way of doing things in and with
• Is where “the medium and the message is us”
evolving in the way we socially live with and
within it, networking, participating and
contributing, using and enhancing it every ...
This article is related to the study of self-replicating units of culture, not to be confused with Mimesis.Memetics is a theory of mental content based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution, originating from the popularization of Richard Dawkins' 1976 book The Selfish Gene. Proponents describe memetics as an approach to evolutionary models of cultural information transfer.The meme, analogous to a gene, was conceived as a ""unit of culture"" (an idea, belief, pattern of behaviour, etc.) which is ""hosted"" in the minds of one or more individuals, and which can reproduce itself, thereby jumping from mind to mind. Thus what would otherwise be regarded as one individual influencing another to adopt a belief is seen as an idea-replicator reproducing itself in a new host. As with genetics, particularly under a Dawkinsian interpretation, a meme's success may be due to its contribution to the effectiveness of its host.Memetics is also notable for sidestepping the traditional concern with the truth of ideas and beliefs. Instead, it is interested in their success.The Usenet newsgroup alt.memetics started in 1993 with peak posting years in the mid to late 1990s. The Journal of Memetics was published electronically from 1997 to 2005.