Chapter 1 - Morality, Ethics, and Human Behavior
... Which of the following statements about values is false?
a. An explicit value system is a part of every ethical system
b. Our behavior is influenced by our value system
c. the values of life and respect for the person can be found in all ethical systems
d. the value of survival is particular to the ...
FROM OPPRESSION TO DEMOCRACY
... moral persons such that all other members of the community see them as beings worthy
of respect. Along with that loss, and logically linked to it, African Americans also suffer
from the more concrete harm of the disability to democratically participate in public
relationships on equal grounds with f ...
... Long tradition of imitation from forefathers
Truth / Reality is one, with multiple facets
Scientific insight and moral commitment
True science = true religion
Collective decision making
Consultation, not negotiation
Defining Justice - Fernwood Publishing
... based on gender, age, racial or ethnic background or any other factor not
related to performance on the job. “Fairness,” however, also means, in certain
circumstances, treating people unequally in order to recognize and correct
past injustices. For instance, if women or members of racial minorities ...
Breaking Windows: Situating the New Criminology
... were shifted to a society which was more aware of relationships of class
and transfixed, at that time, with the emergence of ebullient and dynamic
youth cultures. Thus class and youth became the major social areas
around which the work pivoted (gender was to come a little later and
race/ethnicity to ...
The Role of Informal Mechanisms in Transitional Justice
... and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), and the recent initiation of the
International Criminal Court (ICC). In this way, the international community has shown an
interest in the prosecution of perpetrators of crimes of mass atrocity, genocide, and war crimes.
Another, more recent ...
Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical Author(s): John Rawls
... even firmlyheld convictions graduallychange: religious tolerationis now
accepted, and arguments for persecution are no longer openly professed;
similarly,slaveryis rejected as inherently unjust, and however much the
aftermath of slavery may persist in social practices and unavowed attitudes, no one ...
Social justice in education revisited - Co
... Formulations of social justice
Formulations of the concept of social justice have a long history that includes the
social contract theories of Locke, Rosseau, Kant, Hobbes and others. It is not my
intention to offer an overview of these theories here, but to take the Rawlsian notion
of “distributive ...
this PDF file
... establishes what you can and cannot do in a given situation, ethics tells what you should do.It is based on valuespersonal, professional, social, and moral-and springs from reasoning. Ethical decision-making simply means
apply these values in your daily work (p.55)
4.1 Classical thought on Ethics
Justice in Hobbes` and Rawls` Ideologies and the Quest for Social
... peculiar African crises of justice and development. These traditional western
philosophies have not succeeded in Africa due to obstructive traditional templates
that have re-institutionalised regressive authoritarianism, tenuous hegemony,
anachronism deriving from both the primordial and colonial fo ...
A Publicly Funded, Cost-Effective Approach
... November 2000 edition of the Wall Street Journal, are as follows: Miller Brewing
Company reportedly gave $25,000 to Georgetown University to help in the development
of its social norms campaign, and the Adolph Coors Company made a similarly intended
donation of $8,000 to the University of Wyoming.11 ...
A Theory of Justice - Iowa State University Department of Economics
... acceptability to persons so circumstanced. Understood in this way the question of justification is
settled by working out a problem of deliberation: we have to ascertain which principles it would
be rational to adopt given the contractual situation. This connects the theory of justice with the
sps103 law and ethics - International University of Sarajevo
... 4. To demonstrate historical, analytical and comparative skills
This is an introductory course in the law and ethics. This course provides an introduction to law,
ethical theory and applied ethics from both Western and Islamic perspectives through discussion,
analysis and critical examination of his ...
Political Philosophy Lecture 4|Rousseau and the general will
... the undertaking, which alone can give force to the rest, that whoever refuses to obey
the general will shall be compelled to do so by the whole body. This means nothing
less than that he will be forced to be free . . . (SC 1.7)
But the continuation of the passage gives a clue to Rousseau's answer: \ ...
A THEORY OF JUSTICE - American University
... I wish to inquire whether these contentions or others similar to them are
sound, and if so how they can be accounted for. To this end it is necessary
to work out a theory of justice in the light of which these assertions can
be interpreted and assessed. I shall begin by considering the role of the
Contractarianism and Animal Rights
... This being so, there is no dubious metaphysical conception of the self embodied in the
original position. Firstly, the concept of the original position does not require that there
could actually be a self, or selves, which inhabit the original position. That is, Rawls is not
committed to the metaphy ...
social ethics - Theological Studies
... awareness that a better or alternative world lies in wait on the horizon of
this world. Vision engages more than the intellectual dimension of the
human person in its reliance on dreams, longings, creativity, and imagination. The connection to social ethics is intuitive 28 to be sure, but an articul ...
“The Adam Smith Problem” Revisited
... they can yield some power over each other; thus, to protect everyone against
relatively trivial asymmetries of power would be futile and dystopian.) This is a
civic republican conception of justice. In the end, these are the ideals that need
to be rethought in terms that would rule out the possibili ...
Introduction Public Services on the Market: Issues
... Heath distinguishes three different models of welfare state provision. First, there
is the redistributive (or social justice) model, which takes the welfare state to be about
redistribution. The market distributes goods unequally, and the goods and services of the
welfare state correct for this. Whi ...
Social Justice: Cultural Origins of a Perspective and a Theory
... In the same historical period that the United States became a society of mass consumption, it also brought forth a social movement that transformed how Americans
understood relations among people. The term civil right originally meant a citizen’s
legal right: a right conferred or recognized by law. ...
Flipping the Coin: Models for Social Justice in the
... Social Justice is to also do with power. It is do with how individuals and groups of
individuals can feel powerful or be made to feel powerless. It is to do with individual,s
feeling in control of decisions which affect the way they live their lives. We feel as
though an injustice has been done whe ...
0 Buchanan for GMU RAE
... James Buchanan worked in a contractarian tradition that we date back to Thomas Hobbes (1651).
To Hobbes, human action orbits around a goal of personal survival. Accordingly, we call
Hobbes an egoist in our introductory courses. However, there is more to the story. To Hobbes,
we are born at center of ...
a future society functioning at the paradigmatic stage?
... (4) quality. This paradigm responds to a central social need: “We are missing
a . . . political principle—a principle never before recognized as political—the
principle of inquiry. The only political principle that invites the potential transformation of everyone’s perspective is the principle of in ...
... • What if the “greatest good” for the majority requires
substantial unjust “costs” for a minority?
• What if what we need to do to maximize happiness is
– If maximizing overall happiness is the “ultimate” moral
principle, then following it could never be “morally
wrong” (in fact, not foll ...
A broad definition of moral exclusion includes both severe and mild forms. It is a psychological process where members of a dominant group view their own group and its norms as superior to others, belittling, marginalizing, excluding, even dehumanizing targeted groups. A distinction should be drawn between active exclusion and omission. The former requires intent and is a form of injustice, known as moral exclusion; while the latter is thoughtlessness, (Leets, 2001, Forsyth, 2010). The targeted group is viewed as undeserving of morally mandated rights and protections, (Forsyth, 2010). When conflict between groups escalates, the in-group/out-group bias between the groups heightens. Severe violence between groups can be either the antecedent or the outcome of moral exclusion. At its extreme it is a bidirectional phenomenon that defies precise origin.