Jews, Monotheists and Idol Worshipers
... Torah derive ultimately from the words ``I am Hashem, your God,'' and
all the three hundred and sixty-five negative commandments derive
from, ``You will have no other gods before Me'' (Maharsha to Makkos
23b). Although the observance of almost any commandment is
disregarded where one's life is endan ...
The use of the word "Jew" in the New Testament
... clearly understood, and that is the Gospel of John. This is because commencing with his very
first reference to the "the Jews" also frequently uses the term to describe the Jewish hierarchy
(John 1:19 "the Jews sent priests and Levites...").
This is similar to the manner in which in the New Testamen ...
Gentile or Goy (from Latin gentilis, by the French gentil, feminine: gentille, meaning of or belonging to a clan or tribe) is an ethnonym that commonly means non–Jew. Other groups that claim Israelite heritage sometimes use the term to describe outsiders.The term is used by English translators for the Hebrew גוי (goy) and נכרי (nokhri) in the Hebrew Bible and the Greek word ἔθνη (éthnē) in the New Testament. The term ""gentiles"" is derived from Latin, used for contextual translation, and not an original Hebrew or Greek word from the Bible. The original words goy and ethnos refer to ""peoples"" or ""nations"" and is applied to both Israelites and non-Israelites in the Bible. However, in most biblical uses, it denotes nations that are politically distinct from Israel. Since most of the nations at the time of the Bible were ""heathens"" , goy or gentile became synonymous with heathen although their literal translation is distinct. The term gentile thus became identical to the later term ""Ummot ha-olam"" (nations of the world). Latin and later English translators selectively used the term ""gentiles"" when the context for the base term ""peoples"" or ""nations"" referred to non-Israelite peoples or nations in English translations of the Bible.Because of the idolatrous practices of the gentile nations at the time of the Old Testament, the biblical writings show a passionate intolerance of these nations and the Bible suggests seven gentile nations to be dealt with without mercy.