M N G
... biofeedback to established therapeutic modalities (e.g., pharmacotherapy, behavior therapy) with longterm follow-ups. Patient selection criteria for biofeedback for these conditions have not been established
and reported sustained benefit past the treatment period are lacking (McKee and Moravec, 201 ...
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Evidence Update July
... Long term effectiveness of treatment for ADHD
NICE clinical guideline 72 (NICE CG72) notes that people with ADHD require integrated care
that addresses a wide range of personal, social, educational and occupational needs. The
effectiveness of treatment or non-treatment over the long term was not dis ...
EMDR and the Anxiety Disorders: Exploring the Current Status
... are unfamiliar to the person and whereby he or she
expects to be watched, evaluated, scrutinized, or
embarrassed by others (American Psychiatric Association, 2000).
As is the case for all anxiety disorders, for social
anxiety there are treatment approaches that have
been found to be effective, parti ...
Trichotillomania - Plymouth State University
... The cause of Trichotillomania is unclear, but it is believed
that Trichotillomania can be caused by genetic and/or
environmental factors. Possible reasons why people pull
their hair out are provided below.
2014 Uniting Research and Practice in Mental Health Care
... treatment of anxiety disorders. Specifically, studies
which show that judicious safety behaviour use
during treatment can enhance the acceptability of
CBT, without necessarily interfering with outcome
will be described in the context of developing a
highly effective, but markedly more acceptable
... Many people are greatly helped by simply understanding exactly what
panic disorder is and how many others suffer from it.
Efficacy of Self-Administered Treatments for Depression and Anxiety
... Combined effect sizes. Once individual effect sizes were estimated for all studies, a combined effect size for the efficacy of
SAT versus NTC and a combined effect size for the efficacy of
SAT versus TAT were estimated. First, in order to generate an
independent sample of effect sizes, we used only ...
FOUNDATIONS FOR A SYSTEMATIC ECLECTIC
... It is argued here that the variables in the first category above are truly nonspecific. They
constitute, in effect, the placebo (Fish, 1973; Patterson, 1985b; Pentony, 1981; Shapiro, 1971;
Shapiro & Morris, 1978). Critelli and Neumann (1984) note that "the common factors of
psychotherapy conform clo ...
Cognitive-Behavioral Case Formulation
... formulation provides a framework for understanding how problems are related and how they are related to the underlying hypothesized psychological mechanisms, allowing the therapist to intervene in multiple problem domains (e.g., financial, interpersonal, and personal safety) and still see the
Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review
... an increased sense of personal vulnerability (Beck, Emery, & Greenberg, 1985). For
example, individuals with social phobia often overestimate the probability that others are
evaluating them negatively, whereas those with panic disorder misinterpret benign body
sensations (e.g., heart palpitations) a ...
Psychological Treatment of Eating Disorders
... age, duration, and severity.
From another perspective, however, it is an error to
view the persistent scarcity of controlled trials and the
modest results obtained as an “absence of evidence.” They
are most usefully construed as data about the problems that
must be addressed in order to study and tr ...
Cognitive behavioral treatments of obsessive–compulsive
... across a range of different formats, e.g. group therapy, family-based interventions, etc., and the potential relation between treatment format
and outcome will be analyzed in the present meta-analysis.
To sum up, there are many reasons that suggest the need for an update of the empirical basis for t ...
WORRY, ANXIETY AND TENSION — IMPORTANCE
... answer, some general guidelines may help. Thinking about past events might be
normal shortly after the event, but persisting worry about situations that cannot
be changed may be maladaptive. Similarly, when worrying about expected problems or events, anticipating the outcome and planning ways to avo ...
Aaron T. Beck: The cognitive revolution in theory
... (Beck, 1970). John Rush, one of his residents at the time, encouraged him to
conduct a randomized controlled trial that found that cognitive therapy was
both superior to and longer lasting than medication (Rush et al., 1977).
Role of Beliefs in the Etiology and Treatment of Psychopathology
While Bec ...
Exposure Therapy for PTSD Jennifer H. Wortmann Jonathan Larson
... development and reinforcement of new non-threat associations across contexts and over time,
instead of fear relief (Craske et al. (2008)).
Clinical approach, change-agents, and boundary conditions
At the outset of treatment, a thorough rationale is presented to enhance motivation to
engage in the ch ...
... component were not evaluated specifically. Trials in which
pharmacological treatment was actively introduced or withdrawn in at least one treatment arm were excluded, due to
differences between pharmacological and behavioral interventions in how harms are reported and monitored. However,
tTrials inc ...
Co‐occuring Antisocial Personality Disorder
... contingency management (CM) condition, participants were required to
provide three urine samples per week and meet briefly with a technician.
If the urine did not test positive for stimulants, the participant earned a
voucher that increased in value with each negative urine sample. The third
Formmulary and P Prescrib bing G Guidelin nes
... of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD), post-traumatic stress disorder
(PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and
social anxiety disoirder (previously known as ‘social phobhia’). Pharmacological therapies
are not recommended as first-line trea ...
What is memantine (Ebixa®)?
... “Patients can be switched from a CI to
memantine…based on the judgment of the
prescribing physician and the patient (or their
proxy)” (Grade B, Level 3)
Hogan et al. Alzheimer's and Dementia
Clinical Psychology 8:2
... development at the commencement of grant-supported
eﬀorts. Many stage I studies begin with fully developed
treatments based on years of nonexperimental clinical
experience or on comparatively incremental changes
required to adopt existing treatments for a particular target
population. Among the curr ...
What`s wrong with now - cityandeasttherapy.c
... Minkowski’s image [see section one above] makes this clear. He is
describing – through his psychiatrised look - the habituation of the novel
within his patient, but also the patient’s experience of falling victim to an
impersonal and autonomous force of which he himself is not the author.
Empirically Supported Psychological Treatments for Social Phobia
... controlled trials. In the remainder of this paper, we describe the major classes of CBT for social phobia
and the evidence for their efficacy.
Cognitive Behavioral Treatments
Exposure to feared situations is regarded as a central ingredient in almost all cognitive-behavioral
treatments for ...
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
... is empirically supported with diverse psychological
disorders rather than multicultural populations; more
research is needed to identify the effectiveness of CBT with
... Focus on questions like:
• Who am I? Is life worth living? Does it have
a meaning? How can I realize my humanity?
Manual-Based Treatment: Evolution and Evaluation
... that exposure to relevant anxiety-eliciting cues was a necessary and sufficient condition for therapeutic success. Wolpe’s (1958) theory of reciprocal inhibition was promptly discarded (Wilson & Davison, 1971; much
to his displeasure), and more powerful and flexible forms of exposure
treatment were ...
Homework in psychotherapy
Homework in psychotherapy is sometimes assigned to patients as part of their treatment. In this context, homework assignments are introduced to practice skills taught in therapy, encourage patients to apply the skills they learned in therapy to real life situations, and to improve on specific problems encountered in treatment. For example, a patient with deficits in social skills may learn and rehearse proper social skills in one treatment session, then be asked to complete homework assignments before the next session that apply those newly learned skills (e.g., going to a social engagement or greeting five people each day).Homework is most often used in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders, although other theoretical frameworks may also incorporate homework. Some of the types of homework used in CBT include thought records and behavioral experiments. Patients using thought records are instructed to write down negative cognitions on the thought record form and weigh the evidence both for and against the negative thoughts, with the goal being to come up with new, balanced thoughts in the process. Behavioral experiments are used as homework to help patients test out thoughts and beliefs directly. Studies have shown that homework completion and accuracy predict favorable outcomes in psychotherapy and may help patients stay in remission. However, some therapists are concerned that assigning homework makes therapy too formal and reduces the impact of the individual sessions.