Sanctioning South Africa The Politics Behind The
... sensitive equipment for apartheid enforcing agencies), both merit
special attention. In general, oil exports are very insignificant, or
zero, from the United States and most European Economic Community countries. Furthermore, the restriction of oil exports to South
Africa is, for most countries, an ...
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... nuclear materials as long as they agreed to inspections that ensured they were not using the technology
for military purposes. In 1974, the Shah established the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran with plans
to build 20 nuclear reactors, a uranium enrichment facility, and a reprocessing plant for spe ...
... knowledge in early history. In the modern era, Persia was occupied by various European powers. These
occupations were largely due to Persia's strategic location on the Persian Gulf (which was also called the
Arabian Gulf), as well as the discovery of oil. In 1906, it was divided into two spheres of ...
S. 2452 - Goucher College Blogs
... the President certifies to Congress that the Government of Iran has paid all compensatory
damages awarded to a United States person in a final judgment—
(1) issued by a district court of the United States under Federal or State law against the
Government of Iran; and
(2) arising from an act of inter ...
Sanctions against Iran
Numerous governments and multinational entities impose sanctions against Iran. Following the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the United States imposed sanctions against Iran and expanded them in 1995 to include firms dealing with the Iranian government. In 2006, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1696 and imposed sanctions after Iran refused to suspend its uranium enrichment program. U.S. sanctions initially targeted investments in oil, gas and petrochemicals, exports of refined petroleum products, and business dealings with the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps. This encompasses banking and insurance transactions (including with the Central Bank of Iran), shipping, web-hosting services for commercial endeavors, and domain name registration services.Over the years, sanctions have taken a serious toll on Iran's economy and people. Since 1979, the United States has led international efforts to use sanctions to influence Iran's policies, including Iran's uranium enrichment program, which Western governments fear is intended for developing the capability to produce nuclear weapons. Iran counters that its nuclear program is for civilian purposes, including generating electricity and medical purposes.When nuclear talks between Iran and Western governments were stalled and seen as a failure, they were cited as a reason to enforce stronger economic sanctions on Iran. On 2 April 2015, the P5+1 and Iran, meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland, reached a provisional agreement on a framework that, once finalized and implemented, would lift most of the sanctions in exchange for limits on Iran's nuclear programs extending for at least ten years.