Sartre and the Existentialist Vision of the Human
... Living authentically requires taking the
nothingness at the heart of our existence
seriously. This requires to us to live as
freedom, accepting full responsibility for
the meaning of our lives.
... despair to will to be one’s self (13-14).” This form of despair exists in one who only
desires to be the self they already are. Rather than the despair in which we
hopelessly desire to not be the self we currently are and are left with infinite
possibility, those who experience this form of despair ...
Sartre on Embodiment, Touch, and the "Double
... approach to the body. For Sartre, traditional
philosophy has misunderstood the body because the orders of knowing and being have
been conflated or inverted.3
Sartre begins from but creatively develops
phenomenological discussions of embodiment found in Husserl (without direct access to
Ideas II),4 S ...
Existentialism – A Definition
... and of the way humans find themselves existing in the world. The notion is that humans exist first and then each
individual spends a lifetime changing their essence or nature.
In simpler terms, existentialism is a philosophy concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free
will, choi ...
Being and Nothingness
Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology (French: L'Être et le néant : Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique), sometimes subtitled A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology, is a 1943 book by philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. Sartre's main purpose is to assert the individual's existence as prior to the individual's essence (""existence precedes essence""). His overriding concern in writing the book was to demonstrate that free will exists. While a prisoner of war in 1940 and 1941, Sartre read Martin Heidegger's Being and Time, an ontological investigation through the lens and method of Husserlian phenomenology (Edmund Husserl was Heidegger's teacher). Reading Being and Time initiated Sartre's own philosophical enquiry.Though influenced by Heidegger, Sartre was profoundly skeptical of any measure by which humanity could achieve a kind of personal state of fulfillment comparable to the hypothetical Heideggerian re-encounter with Being. In Sartre's account, man is a creature haunted by a vision of ""completion"", what Sartre calls the ens causa sui, literally ""a being that causes itself"", which many religions and philosophers identify as God. Born into the material reality of one's body, in a material universe, one finds oneself inserted into being. Consciousness has the ability to conceptualize possibilities, and to make them appear, or to annihilate them.