... • Animal models, brain lesions
– Human brain imaging techniques
• Renaissance in the study of emotion
• Affective neuroscience
• Neural basis of emotion and mood
... of sequence is incorrect ... and that the more rational statement is that we feel sorry because we cry, angry because we
strike, afraid because we tremble ... Without the bodily states following on the perception, the latter would be purely cognitive
in form, pale, colorless, destitute of emotional ...
Table 13 - Angelfire
... To measure and identify emotional reactions, studies in psychology have subjected its 3
important aspects to analysis and investigation; namely:
1. Physiological changes in emotion
These changes are a significant part of any emotional reaction. An
emotionally upset individual is aroused all over and ...
Cognition and Emotion November 12
... order of sequence is incorrect ... and that the more rational statement is that we feel sorry
because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble ... Without the bodily
states following on the perception, the latter would be purely cognitive in form, pale,
colorless, destitute of emot ...
CLA STUDIES REQUIREMENTS CLA STUDIES_3
... anger, surprise, disgust, fear, sadness and contempt (Paul
Singer & Schachter’s Two Factor Theory.
when an emotion is felt, a physiological arousal occurs
search for emotional cues to label the physiological
Chapter 12 – Motivation and Emotion
... If the ovum is not fertilized, the thickened uterine walls are reabsorbed to being another cycle
Castration or ovariectomies of animals besides humans decrease sexual activity
Human sexual response cycle – Sequence of four stages that characterizes the sexual response in both men and women:
... that this order of sequence is incorrect ... and that the more
rational statement is that we feel sorry because we cry, angry
because we strike, afraid because we tremble ... Without the
bodily states following on the perception, the latter would be
purely cognitive in form, pale, colorless, destitu ...
Chapter 4 Developmental
... Developmental psychologists and what they study
Prenatal development—stages of; teratogens
Infancy/Childhood—brain development; maturation and motor development
Cognitive development—Piaget and 4 stages of cognitive development—basic info
Social development—Harlow’s theory, describ ...
... 8. The amygdala is most definitely involved in the recognition of _____ communicated via ____
a. Fear; facial expression
b. Happiness; tone of voice
c. Fear; tone of voice
d. Happiness; body posture
e. Anger; tone of voice
9. People with volitional paresis are unable to
b. Comprehend other pe ...
... Motivation – that which gives energy and
direction to behavior.
... LECTURE 23: EMOTIONS, MOTIVATION, AND DRUGS OF ABUSE
REQUIRED READING: Kandel text, Chapters 50, 51
Emotion and Feeling are two interconnected states.
Emotion is a group of physiological and motor responses to a set of stimuli.
These emotional responses communicate our state to others, prepare us
Biological Psych Emotions Limbic System Thalamus Hypothalamus
... Emotion is interpretation of physiological $
I run, therefore I am afraid
Action first, think about it later
Find ourselves trembling, experience fear
But internal organs are relatively insensitive
Can’t respond quickly
Feedback from them could account for our feelings of emotions?
Theory difficult ...
... Basic or discrete emotions – fear, anger,
disgust, sadness, joy, surprise.
Moods (anxiety, depression, happiness, peace
Preferences and evaluation – negative,
positive, like or dislike, approve, reject.
Cognitive emotions – curiosity, interest,
Motivation and Emotion
... • measures physiological responses
such as perspiration, heart rate,
– Anxiety, irritation, guilt have similar
• Guilty Knowledge Test – assesses
physiological responses to crime scene
details only known by investigators
Possible Solutions from the Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion
... Cognitive Neuroscience can help to find solutions for emotionoriented systems mainly if they are focused on the
computational, and/or the neural levels.
Artificial emotions: A decisive choice between:
as many systems as emotions
different systems for approach-related versus withdrawalrelated emotion ...
... What are these called—happy, sad, mad?
These are called this because they are universal
across all cultures, differing only in how they may
OB-09 Emotions & Values
... toward an object, person, or event that
create a state of readiness.
• Most emotions occur without our
chapt. 10 ppt.
... • We feel emotion because of biological changes
caused by stress
Creativity and emotion: Reformulating the Romantic theory of art
... the interaction of cognition and emotion. An initial appraisal triggers and constrains
preliminary emotional activation. This emotional activation simultaneously directs and
constrains cognitive activity involved in appraisal. Thus, appraisals and emotions arise
in tandem and stabilize into a cohere ...
The Feeling of Meaning
... direction of emotional control in psychological theory, where psychological appraisal is
assumed to be the determinant of emotional experience, giving form to the more elementary
levels of bodily arousal and mood states. Yet particularly in reviewing modern theoretical
approaches to neural mechanism ...
Human consciousness is an outcome of a runaway process o
... (1) Natural life, in contrast to models of artificial life, is chemical. The brain is not only
a computation device, but also a powerful endocrine gland, supplying the body with a set of
chemicals: hormones and emotones. The brain is not the „seat“ of mind – mind is
„superimposed“ over, and is isomo ...
Emotions Lecture Notes Page
... Less upper body movement, more lower
Eye contact is a clue in the US, but not in
emotion (book review) - UWE Research Repository
... exclusive rights to emotion. Both of these claims made in the book are clearly attested to through the
breadth of works within this volume. This reader examines key questions about our affective lives from
a variety of positions within the social sciences. A multitude of perspectives are included (p ...
Emotion is, in everyday speech, a person's state of feeling in the sense of an affect. Scientific discourse has drifted to other meanings and there is no consensus on a definition. Emotion is often intertwined with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation. On some theories, cognition is an important aspect of emotion. Those acting primarily on emotion may seem as if they are not thinking, but mental processes are still essential, particularly in the interpretation of events. For example, the realization of danger and subsequent arousal of the nervous system (e.g. rapid heartbeat and breathing, sweating, muscle tension) is integral to the experience of fear. Other theories, however, claim that emotion is separate from and can precede cognition.Emotions are complex. According to some theories, they are a state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence our behavior. The physiology of emotion is closely linked to arousal of the nervous system with various states and strengths of arousal relating, apparently, to particular emotions. Emotion is also linked to behavioral tendency. Extroverted people are more likely to be social and express their emotions, while introverted people are more likely to be more socially withdrawn and conceal their emotions. Emotion is often the driving force behind motivation, positive or negative. An alternative definition of emotion is a ""positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity."" According to other theories, emotions are not causal forces but simply syndromes of components, which might include motivation, feeling, behavior, and physiological changes, but no one of these components is the emotion. Nor is the emotion an entity that causes these componentsEmotions involve different components, such as subjective experience, cognitive processes, expressive behavior, psychophysiological changes, and instrumental behavior. At one time, academics attempted to identify the emotion with one of the components: William James with a subjective experience, behaviorists with instrumental behavior, psychophysiologists with physiological changes, and so on. More recently, emotion is said to consist of all the components. The different components of emotion are categorized somewhat differently depending on the academic discipline. In psychology and philosophy, emotion typically includes a subjective, conscious experience characterized primarily by psychophysiological expressions, biological reactions, and mental states. A similar multicomponential description of emotion is found in sociology. For example, Peggy Thoits described emotions as involving physiological components, cultural or emotional labels (e.g., anger, surprise etc.), expressive body actions, and the appraisal of situations and contexts.Research on emotion has increased significantly over the past two decades with many fields contributing including psychology, neuroscience, endocrinology, medicine, history, sociology, and even computer science. The numerous theories that attempt to explain the origin, neurobiology, experience, and function of emotions have only fostered more intense research on this topic. Current areas of research in the concept of emotion include the development of materials that stimulate and elicit emotion. In addition PET scans and fMRI scans help study the affective processes in the brain. It also is influenced by hormones and neurotransmitters such as dopamine, noradrenaline, serotonin, oxytocin, cortisol and GABA.