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Study Guide for Posttest
1. Know the answers to all of the questions you answered in the journal. Which are listed
below.
a. Provide definitions for the following terms: core, crust, mantle, magma, pangea,
ring of fire, lithospheric plates, igneous rocks, tsunami, fault, and earthquake.
b. Briefly discuss the Theory of Plate Tectonics.
c. Briefly discuss the tectonic plate structure of the Earth and formulate some
thought on how these plates affect the Earth.
d. Briefly discuss the four types of plate boundaries and what physical processes
occur at each type.
2. Know the internal layers of the Earth.
3. What are some precursor events to the different types of volcanic action?
4. Discuss the processes associated with the following volcano types: lava domes, cinder
cones, composite volcanoes, and shield volcanoes.
5. What is the source of heat that drives mantle convection?
6. What type of volcanoes are the following: Mount Pelee in Martinique, Lesser Antilles,
Lassen Peak in California, and Mt. St. Helens in Washington?
7. Know how the Theory of Plate Tectonics developed.
8. What is a caldera?
9. Be familiar with the results of your wiki project. Be able to discuss what communities
and authorities can do to prepare for an earthquake or volcanic eruption.
10. Compare and contrast the earthquake and tsunami of 2011 in Japan. Which do you
believe was more devastating to the people of Japan?