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Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
2008 Final Exam
LATIN II HONORS
VERSION BETA
Magister Chang
Sign Your Acknowledgement of the Honor Code Pledge
“On my honor as a student member of the Flint Hill
School community, I pledge I have neither given nor
received any unauthorized aid or information with
respect to this examination. I further pledge I will not
disclose the contents of this exam to any other student
without authorization.”
student signature: _____________________________
date of administration: __________________________
DO NOT OPEN THIS EXAM UNTIL YOU ARE INSTRUCTED TO BEGIN!
CCLV total points
i
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
Part I: Translation: Write a literal translation within the bounds of English idiom in the space
between the Latin lines or on the paper provided. CLXI points (I per accurate word use)
SALLUST’S VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE
The Roman Historian Sallust, in the preface to his monograph on the Catilinarian conspiracy, outlines the faculties
possessed by human beings that make them superior to beasts.
Omnēs hominēs quī cupiunt praestāre cēterīs animālibus summā ope nītī dēbent,
nē vītam silentiō trānseant velutī pecora, quae nātūra fīnxit prōna atque ventrī
oboedientia. Sed nostra omnis vīs in animō et corpore sita est; animī imperiō,
corporis servitiō ūtimur1; alterum nōbīs cum dīs, alterum cum bēluīs commūne
est. Mihi rēctius vidētur glōriam quaerere ingeniī quam vīrium opibus est, et
5
quoniam vīta ipsa quā fruimur2 brevis est, memoriam nostrī quam maximē
longam efficere. Nam dīvitiārum et fōrmae glōria flūxa atque fragilis est; virtūs
clāra aeternaque habētur.
Sed multī mortālēs, dēditī ventrī atque somnō, indoctī incultīque vītam sīcutī
perergrīnantēs ēgērunt; quibus prōfectō contrā nātūram corpus voluptātī, anima
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onerī fuit. Eōrum ego vītam mortemque iūxtā aestimō quoniam dē utrāque silētur.
Sed is dēmum mihi vīvere atque fruī animā vidētur, quī aliquō negōtiō intentus
praeclārī facinoris aut artis bonae fāmam quaerit.
1
2
utimur: utor, uti, usus sum, to use, take advantage of (+ ablative)
fruimur: fruor, fruī, fructus sum, to enjoy (+ ablative)
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Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
praestō: takes dative object here (i.e. ceterīs animālibus)
ops, opis, f.: power, might; (plural) resources
nītor, nītī, nīsus sum: to strive, make an effort
trānseō, -īre, -i(v)ī, -itus: to pass through (transeant = present subjunctive in negative purpose clause)
velutī (adv.): just as, just like
pecus, -oris, n.: cattle, herd
fingō, -ere, fīnxī, fictus: to form, fashion, make
prōnus, -a, -um: bent forward (i.e. not standing up straight)
venter, -tris, m.: stomach, belly
oboediēns, -entis: obedient (+ dative)
vīs, (no gen. or dat.) vim, vī, f.: strength, power, force; pl. virēs, virium, strength, financial assets,
military strength
situs, -a, -um: situated, placed, located (modifies nostra omnis vīs)
servitium, -iī, n.: service, servitude
deus, deī, m.: dīs = deīs
alterum . . . alterum: i.e. animus and corpus
bēlua, -ae, f.: beast
commūnis, -e: shared by someone (in the dative) with someone (cum + ablative)
rēctus, -a, -um: straight, right proper
quaerere...et...efficere: both infinitives depend on vidētur
ingeniī...vīrium: both genitives depend on opibus (ablative of means)
quam maximē longam = quam longissimam
efficiō, -ere, -fēcī, -fectus: to bring about, achieve
flūxus,, -a, -um: flowing, changeable
dēditus, -a, -um: addicted to, given over to
indoctus, -a, -um: uneducated, ignorant
incultus, -a, -um: unsophisticated, not cultured
sīcutī (adv.): just as, just like
peregrīnor (1): to travel around, sojourn
profectō (adv.): assuredly
voluptātī fuit: served as a source of pleasure (dative of purpose)
onus, -neris, n.: burden (onerī = dative of purpose)
iūxtā (adv.): near, close, i.e. similar
aestimō (1): to judge, estimate, consider
uterque, utraque, utrumque: each (of two), either one
silētur: it’s kept silent, nothing’s said
dēmum (adv.): at least, finally (at end of argument)
negōtium, -iī, n.: business, occupation
intentus, -a, -um: intent on (+ ablative)
facinus, -oris, n.: deed, act
CCLV total points
iii
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
Part II: Reading Comprehension. Give the best answer to the questions based on the Latin
text of the passage. N.B. Unless otherwise indicated, answer IN ENGLISH. XCIV points
YOU BETTER WRITE ME SOON
Suscēnseō; nesciō an3 dēbeam, sed suscēnseō. Scīs quam4
inīquus interdum, quam impotēns saepe, quam querulior
semper sit amor. Nesciō an haec causa sit iūsta; magna
tamen est, et ego graviter suscēnseō, quod fuērunt ā tē tam
diū litterae nūllae. Exōrāre mē potes ūnō modō, sī nunc
saltem5 plūrimās et longissimās litterās mīseris. Haec mihi
sōla excūsātiō vēra, cēterae falsae vidēbuntur. Nōn sum
auditūrus ‘nōn eram in urbe” vel “occupātior eram”; nec
dī sinant ut audiam “infīrmior.” Cōgitā quantam cūram
tibi habeam. Scīre cupiō quid faciās et fēcerīs. Nunc
plūrimās et longissimās litterās mitte! Valē!
5
10
-- adapted from C. Plinius Secundus (“Pliny the Younger”), Epistulae.II.2
Questions 1-17 refer to the adaptation of Pliny’s Epistlae.II.2.
1. Describe Pliny’s mood in this letter: ______________________________________________
2. What type of dependent subjunctive clause does an (line 1) introduce?
______________________________________________________________________________
3. Give two characteristics of love, according to Pliny, from lines 1-3:_____________________
______________________________________________________________________________
4. What Latin clause shows that Pliny’s realizes he might not be acting entirely fairly?
______________________________________________________________________________
5. What reason does Pliny give for his strong feelings? _________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
6. The translation of tam diu (lines 4-5) is: ___________________________________________
3
an (conj.), whether
quam, adv., how (with inīquus, impotens and querulior)
5
saltem, adv., at least, modifying nunc
4
CCLV total points
iv
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
7. The entire clause quod...nūllae (lines 4-5) might best be paraphrased in Latin as:
a.
b.
ob tuam absentiam diūturnam
inōpiā longā litterārum
c.
d.
propter hōc longius spatium
quod satis epistulārum est
8. To what does the phrase ūnō modō (line 5) refer (i.e. in narrative terms)? ________________
______________________________________________________________________________
9. What degree is the adjective plurimās (line 6)? _____________________________________
10. What Latin noun must be understood to make sense of cēterae falsae vidēbuntur (line 7)?
______________________________________________________________________________
11. What is the best, active voice translation of vidēbuntur (line 7) based on its context?
______________________________________________________________________________
12. Why, in narrative terms, does Pliny use the future participle (auditūrus) in line 8 and not
some other tense? ____________________________________________________________
13. In lines 8-9, Pliny preemptively dismisses three excuses that he expects his friend will use.
What are these three excuses?___________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
14. What case and number is the word dī (line 9)? _____________________________________
15. What is the case of quid (line 10)? _______________________________________________
16. List two Latin verbs from this story that are NOT written in the subjunctive, indicative or
infinitive moods: _____________________________________________________________
17. What exactly is Pliny’s wish at the end of this letter? ________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
(GO ON TO NEXT PAGE)
CCLV total points
v
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
Part II: (continued)
THEMISTOCLES AND THE WALLS OF ATHENS
During the great Persian invasion of Greece in the 5 th century BC, the two chief Greek states, Sparta and Athens,
had cooperated. But their character and traditions were very different. For example, Athens had a democratic
constitution, whereas Sparta was ruled by two kings; Athens had a powerful navy, and Sparta relied on her army.
So after the Persian menace receded, their traditional rivalry and suspicion of each other began to reawaken.
postquam Persae ē Graeciā expulsī et bellō superātī sunt,
Athēniēnsēs mūrōs suōs, ā Persīs dēlētōs, reficere coepērunt.
Lacedaemoniī6 tamen, quī nōlēbant ūllam urbem validiōrem esse
quam sē, lēgātōs Athēnās mīsērunt, quī nōn sōlum orārent eōs nē
mūrōs reficerent, sed etiam ut cum Lacedaemoniīs aliās urbēs
mūrōs reficere prohibērent. hīs rebus dictīs, lēgātī Lacedaemoniī,
hortante Themistocle, dīmissī sunt; Athēniēnsēs tamen
respondērunt sē lēgātōs Spartam missūrōs esse, quī haec
disputārent. deinde Themistoclēs cīvibus persuāsit ut ipse statim
Spartam mitterētur, sed cēterī lēgātī Athēniēnsēs domī
retinērentur dum mūrī satis altī aedificārentur.
Themistoclēs igitur Spartam prōfectus est, et omnēs cīvēs
Athēniēnsēs diem noctemque labōrābant ut mūrōs ad eam
altitūdinem magnam tollerent dē quā urbs dēfendī posset.
Themistoclēs, cum Spartam advēnisset, rēgēs nōn statim adiit.
si quis eum rogāverat cūr in pūblicō nōn appāruisset, dīxit sē
cēterōs lēgātōs exspectāre. sed Lacedaemoniī, cum ā proxenīs7
audīvissent Athēniēnsēs mūrōs iam reficere, Themistoclem
perfidiae accūsāvērunt. ille autem dīcēbat rūmōrēs huiusmodī
nōn fīdōs8 esse; lēgātōs Athēnās mittendōs esse quī vēra
cognōscerent. tum Themistoclēs Athēniēnsibus imperāvit ut hos
lēgātōs retinērent nēve9 dīmitterent priusquam ipse et aliī lēgātī
Athēniēnsēs, quī iam Spartam advēnerant, domum redīrent.
dēnique, cum iam eī nūntiātum esset mūrōs satis altōs
aedificātōs esse, Lacedaemoniīs vēra patefēcit. Lacedaemoniī,
quamquam īrātissimī erant, nihil tamen in Themistoclem facere
poterant; nam memoriā tenēbant Athēniēnsēs suōs lēgātōs velut
obsidēs retinēre.
5
10
15
20
25
6
Lacedaemonius, -a, -um, Spartan
proxenus, -ī, m., agent (one who resides in a foreign city)
8
fīdus, -a, -um, trustworthy
9
nēve (conj.), and not to
7
CCLV total points
vi
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
Questions 16-30 refer to Themistocles and the Walls of Athens.
18. What did the Athenians do immediately after the Persian wars? _______________________
______________________________________________________________________________
19. How did the Spartans feel about this AND what was their response (lines 3-6)? ___________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
20. Identify the tense of disputārent (line 9) AND explain what use of the subjunctive this is:
______________________________________________________________________________
21. To what did Themistocles persuade the citizens to agree (lines 9-11)? ___________________
______________________________________________________________________________
22. Write the Latin AND translate the two ablative absolutes occurring in lines 1-11:
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
23. What did the Athenians accomplish in lines 12-14? __________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
24. Translate cum Spartam advēnisset (line 15): _______________________________________
25. Why is appāruisset (line 16) in the subjunctive? ____________________________________
26. Why did the Spartans accuse Themistocles of treachery? _____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
27. Keeping dīcēbat from line 19 in mind, translate lēgātōs...cognōscerent (lines 20-21):
______________________________________________________________________________
28. Both persuasit (line 9) and imperāvit (line 21) introduced what type of (dependent)
subjunctive clause in this story? _________________________________________________
29. How long, per Themistocles’ orders, were the Athenians supposed to keep the Spartan
envoys? ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
30. At what point did Themistocles reveal the truth to Sparta? ____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
31. Explain how Themistocles’ clever plan had guaranteed his personal safety: ______________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
32. How many instances of indirect statement occur in lines 23-28? ________________________
CCLV total points
vii
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
Part II: (continued)
CAESAR’S CAMP IS ATTACKED BY THE BELGĪ
This is an excerpt from Caesar’s commentaries on his military campaigns in Gaul (58-51 BC). Although it is
written in a seemingly objective and therefore truthful third-person style, one must be aware that Caesar himself
authored these books. The excerpt adapted here puts special emphasis on Caesar’s skills and courage as a leader.
Caesar, equitātū praemisso, sex legiōnēs dūcēbat; post
eās tōtīus exercitū impedīmenta collocāverat; equitēs
nostrī, flūmine trānsitō, cum hostium equitātū proelium
commīsērunt. Illī identidem in silvās ad suōs sē recipiēbant ac rursus ex silvā in nostrōs impetum faciēbant.
Nostrī tantum ad fīnem silvae īnsequī eōs audēbant.
Interim legiōnēs sex, ubi prīmum vēnērunt, armīs dēpositīs, castra mūnīre coepērunt. Ubi prīma impedīmenta
nostrī exercitūs ab eī quī in silvīs latēbant vīsa sunt,
omnibus cum cōpiīs prōvolāvērunt impetumque in nostrōs
equitēs fēcērunt. Equitibus facile pulsīs, incrēdibilī celeritāte ad flūmen cucurrērunt. Itaque ūnō tempore et ad
silvās et in flūmine et in manibus nostrīs hostēs vidēbantur. Eādem celeritāte ad nostra castra atque eōs quī in
labōre occupātī erant cucurrērunt.
Caesarī omnia ūnō tempore erant agenda: vexillum pōnendum, signum tubā dandum, quod10 eōs iussit
arma tollere; ā labōre revocandī mīlitēs; aciēs paranda.
Quārum rērum magnam partem brevitās temporis et
hostium adventus impediēbat. Itaque ducēs, propter propinquitātem et celeritātem hostium, Caesaris imperium
nōn expectābant, sed per sē ea quae vidēbantur faciēbant.

5
10
15
20
adapted from C. Iulius Caesar, Commentariī dē Bellō Gallicō II.19-20
Questions 33-45 refer to the adaptation of Caesar’s Commentaries on the Gallic Wars II.19-20
33. Write the Latin and translate one of the two ablative absolute phrases found in lines 1-4
______________________________________________________________________________
34. To whom does the pronoun Illī (line 4) refer? ______________________________________
35. Translate ad suōs (line 4) into English: ___________________________________________
36. Describe the tactic the Belgi were using against the Romans (lines 4-5): _________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
10
quod, nominative subject of iussit
CCLV total points
viii
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
37. List the following events (labeled by letters A-D) in the chronological order of their
occurrence in this story:
A)
B)
C)
D)
The Roman cavalry cross a river and engage the enemy.
All of the Belgi rush out of their hiding places in the woods.
The Roman legionnaires begin to fortify their camp.
Caesar arranged his baggage train behind the six legions.
a. ABCD
b. DACB
c. ADCB
d. DABC
38. What happened once the Belgians overcame the Roman cavalry (line11)?
______________________________________________________________________________
39. What impression about the Belgi does Caesar convey in the sentence Itaque....vidēbantur
(lines 12-14): ________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
40. Write a Latin phrase that is an example of the ablative of manner in lines 11-15:
______________________________________________________________________________
41. What had the Romans at the camp been doing (line 14-15)? __________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
42. With what Latin word does the future passive participle agenda (line 16) agree?___________
43. The relative clause beginning with quod (lines 17-18) describes a:
a.
b.
flag
trumpet call
c.
d.
gift
battle formation
44. List three of the four tasks that Caesar had to accomplish (lines 16-18):
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
45. List one factor that was obstructing Caesar’s ability to do these things: __________________
______________________________________________________________________________
46. What did the other Roman generals have to do? ____________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
47. Explain how the use of the third-person narrative style could serve the author’s political
agenda: ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
CCLV total points
ix
Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
quō nōmine tū appellāris?____________________________
YOU MAY USE THE FOLLOWING SHEETS OF PAPER
TO WRITE YOUR TRANSLATION FOR PART I
OR JOT DOWN NOTES
N.B. In case we don’t speak before it’s all over, let me say
(hah – volitive subjunctive) that I have truly enjoyed our
class this year. You have been part of one of the most
enjoyable teaching experiences I have had yet. Thank you
for your hard work, cooperative attitude and enthusiasm for
learning. Always keep these qualities, as they will always
serve you well.
P.S. Have a great summer.
P.P.S. And don’t forget to study too11.
11
Yes, I’m talking to you.
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Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
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Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
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Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
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Latin II_H.Q1-4.Final Exam (2007-2008)
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