compare and contrast writing instructions Download

Transcript
ENG 2DI
ISU Essay Writing
Comparison & Contrast Writing
A compare and contrast essay is one of the most common types of essays in English
and History. It can also be the most challenging. The following are some points
which are important for you to remember when writing an essay following this form.
1. Compare and contrast means that you need to explain the similarities and the
differences between two pieces of writing (your fiction and non-fiction books). You
must analyze specific examples and events and demonstrate the relationship they
have to one another.
2. There are two ways to organize your compare and contrast essay: Once you have
chosen your preferred style, then use the corresponding outline (found on classnet.)
Option One: One method is to discuss the fiction and non-fiction according to
specific topics that are addressed. Thus, you might have one body paragraph about a
theme and the similarities and differences between the fiction and the non-fiction.
Then your next body paragraph might be about a specific symbol and the similarities
and differences between the fiction and the non-fiction book.
Option Two: The other method is to have one large body paragraph for all of the
similarities and a separate one for all of the differences. On the whole, you want to
have at least 4 or 5 good examples of similarities and 4 or 5 good examples of
differences to make your comparisons valuable.
3. Thesis: You need to go beyond a “soft thesis” (e.g. There are many similarities
and differences between The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time and
What’s Eating Gilbert Grape?.) Make sure that you have a thesis which argues that
there are similarities and differences between the books. Be careful not to contradict
yourself: to say that The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time and What’s
Eating Gilbert Grape are similar and different. Some parts might be similar and some
might be different, but not as an entire piece.
Getting started!
1. To write a compare and contrast paper, make a list of similarities and differences
between the texts, ideas, or events. Use your template from the essay written about
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time. This step is part of the writing
process and will be part of your evaluation. You have a chart with the four
components on it already.
2. Although it may be easier to write an essay that uses themes to compare and
contrast ideas, it's also important to be familiar with other literary devices for
compare and contrast essays. Use a variety of rhetorical devices such as
characterization, climax, symbolism, foreshadowing, figurative language, simile,
imagery, irony, metaphor, tone, and others to write about for a compare and contrast
essay. You may even consider how each of your books was written-form.
3. Once you have the similarities and differences, you need to find textual proof or
evidence. It is not okay to same something is the same/different if it cannot be
proven.
4. Now work on creating a thesis statement. Some examples might be:
“Although (author and book) and (author and book) are very different in structure and style, their
shared internal values connects them in literary terms and in the (theme).”
Through its contrasting (symbols, styles, structures), (author and book) and (author and book)
suggests that to find the true expression of (what is the message), one must (what should we do).
Transition words are very important in order for your essay to flow. Here are
some transition words you may find helpful.
Words you can use for
Similarities
comparatively, coupled
with, correspondingly,
identically, likewise,
similar, moreover,
together with, similarly,
also, equally, just, just as,
like
Words you can use to
Contrast and Compare
contrast, by the same
token, conversely, instead,
likewise, on one hand, on
the other hand, on the
contrary, rather, similarly,
yet, but, however, still,
nevertheless, in contrast
Words you can use for
differences
On the other hand,
however, but, in contrast
to (or with), differs from,
while, unlike, different
from, although, even
though, whereas, while
You are responsible for handing in the following:
-A Title Page
-Rubric
-Good Copy
-Works Cited page
-Brainstorming
-Essay Outline
-All rough work (Including edit marks)
**Remember to include a work cited page with your fiction and non-fiction novels.
Refer to the St. David Style Guide to properly cite your work.**