Download Chapter 19 The Americas Short Answer 1. How did the Olmec and

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Chapter 19 The Americas
Short Answer
1. How did the Olmec and Teotihuacán cultures shape
the development of the Classic Maya culture?
6. What is the significance of thunderclouds and
feathers on a Katsina mask?
2. How did Teotihuacán represent the civic,
economic, and religious roles for the region?
7. What is the significance of Machu Picchu?
3. How are the cliff dwelling sites of the Anasazi
8. Why were agricultural deities important to the
Southwest Indians?
4. What does the location of the Cliff Palace at Mesa
Verde signify?
9. How does the disk of Coyolxauhqui describe the
Aztec psyche?
5. What is a kiva, and how does it function within the
11. Contrast Coatlicue with the Katsina of the Hopi.
What visual elements help define each work? How
does each work define its creating culture?
Consider the functionality of the objects and their
respective environments.
12. Contrast the empires of the Aztecs and the Inka.
Consider the purpose and function of each. How
did they use art and architecture to define
themselves? Use examples to support your
13. Describe the role of agricultural deities in
Southwest culture. How did these deities impact
artistic production and society in general? Use
examples to support your essay.
14. Evaluate the development of Aztec art forms. How
did the Aztec use their art forms to define them?
Consider the political and social implications. Use
examples to support your essay.
15. Compare and contrast the Olmec colossal head and
the Mississippian Serpent Mound. How does each
represent its respective area? What visual elements
are used to define the creating cultures? How do
they each express visually the essence of their
creating cultures?
10. How does the stone disk of Coyolxauhqui become a
political symbol for the Aztecs?
16. Evaluate the impact of Teotihuacán on subsequent
generations in Mexico. How did it affect the visual
arts and architecture? Use examples to support your
17. Evaluate the use of art to indicate social status in
Mayan society. Use examples to support your
18. Compare and contrast Tula and Chichén Itzá. How
does each site respond to the needs of their
respective groups? What are their similarities and
how does each site function within its society?
What outside influences might account for the
similarities between them?
19. Evaluate monumental architecture and the role it
played in Mesoamerican cultures. Include the
religious as well as the political significance of the
architecture. Use examples to support your essay.
20. Select three monuments or art forms. Evaluate
each. How do they represent their creating cultures?
What similarities, if any, exist among the selected
works? What differences, if any, exist among the
selected works? How does each work function
within its society? What are the political and
religious implications of each work?
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
21. At regular intervals the Olmec as a community
would convene for ritual observances at which of
the following sites?
a. Teotihuacán
b. Tula
c. La Venta
d. Chichén Itzá
22. Which of the following would account for the
unique cosmopolitan character of Teotihuacán?
a. the city's diversified populations
b. the city's tolerant acceptance of all deities
c. the city's position as the most important
pilgrimage site
d. the city's relationship with the Maya of
23. Which of the following has been proposed as the
identity of the giant Olmec heads?
a. priests of the Feathered-Serpent
b. deities
c. Maya overlords
d. rulers
24. Which of the following is a possible explanation for
the temple-pyramid layout of the La Venta site?
a. mimics the sacred mountain
b. mimics the palace of the king
c. is a very early form of the Maya templepyramid complex
d. forms the diagram of the universe
25. What architectural feature has been found in nearly
all Mesoamerican cultures?
a. a circular temple
b. a ball court
c. a rectangular plaza with a fountain at east end
d. an open courtyard with a kiva in the center
26. What significant change occurred at Teotihuacán?
a. It became the mediation center for the Maya
b. It became the international trade center between
Mexico and Guatemala
c. It underwent monumental expansion into a
genuine city
d. It became the pilgrimage location for the
Highland Maya
27. Which of the following is the commonly suggested
as the reasoning for Teotihuacán's layout?
a. related to the calendar of the gods
b. related to the topography of the area
c. related to the legend of the king
d. related to astronomical phenomena
28. Which of the following supports the importance of
La Venta to Olmec culture?
a. provided opportunities for the Olmec to gather
and celebrate
b. represented the structure and ideals of Olmec
c. allowed the Olmec to focus on the power of the
d. provided income for the priesthood
29. The Mesoamerican Mexican Pre-classic period is
a. 3000 BCECE 2000
b. 500900 CE
c. 200500 CE
d. 2000 BCECE 300
30. The economic base of Mesoamerican Mexico was
which of the following?
a. production of ceramics
b. cultivation of wheat
c. exploitation of metal technology
d. cultivation of maize (corn)
31. Which of the following was one of the purposes of
Maya ritual?
a. guaranteed the order of the state and the
b. guaranteed the chaos of the cosmos
c. guaranteed the sacrosanct nature of the ruler by
excluding him from performing the rituals
d. guaranteed the importance of the ruler by
excluding him from performing the rituals
32. Tenochtitlán is laid out on a grid plan that is
reminiscent of which earlier culture?
a. La Venta
b. Copán
c. Teotihuacán
d. Tula
33. Which of the following would be one of Coatlicue's
attributes according to Aztec mythology?
a. The double-ax motif found on her shoulders
b. The flower garland she wears on her neck
c. The excised human hearts she wears as a
d. The hummingbird motif found on her skirt
34. Which of the following would account for the
Inka's rise to power?
a. energized population
b. powerful alliances made through marriage
c. skillful organizational and administrative
d. devout population following the skillful
leadership of a dynasty
35. Why is Machu Picchu of great archaeological
a. It was undisturbed since Inka times
b. It was the most excavated site following its
discovery in the late 1800s
c. Its extensive written records detailed the city's
history as a private compound for the Inka
d. The history of its conquest detailed its
importance to the Inka
36. Which of the following would be an important
element in the Anasazi visual lexicon?
a. rice field
b. fire
c. scrub pine
d. lightning
37. When can humans join the Katsina world?
a. when males attain their majority
b. when females marry
c. when either male or female makes a pilgrimage
to the Sangre de Cristo mountains
d. after death
38. The Serpent Mound can be found in which of the
following sites?
a. Ohio
b. La Venta
c. Macchu Picchu
d. San Ildefonso
39. Murals found in the prehistoric pueblos of the
Southwest most often depicted which of the
a. warriors and conquest
b. royal court ceremonies
c. coming-of-age ceremonies
d. spirits associated with agricultural fertility
40. Which of the following describes the Southwest
a. a clay mound attached to the northeast corner
of the Pueblo
b. a large circular semi-subterranean structure
c. a small wooden structure located above ground
d. a large tall stone structure located above ground
SLIDE IDENTIFICATION: Select the response
that best suits the image on the screen.
41. (Figure 19-4)
a. Tikal
b. Copán
c. Teotihuacán
d. Tula
42. (Figure 19-11)
a. Chichén Itzá
b. Copán
c. Teotihuacán
d. Tula
43. (Figure 19-9)
a. Tula
b. Copán
c. Teotihuacán
d. Chichén Itzá
44. (Figure 19-15)
a. Chile
b. Bolivia
c. Peru
d. Ecuador
45. (Figure 19-16)
a. Moche
b. Chavín
c. Nasca
d. Paracas
46. (Figure 19-15)
a. Sipán
b. Moche
c. Tiwanaku
d. Nasca
47. (Figure 19-12)
a. Golden Enclosure, Cuzco
b. Coricancha, Cuzco
c. Tula, Mexico
d. Great Temple, Mexico
48. (Figure 19-20)
a. Southwest
b. Inka
c. Olmec
d. Aztec
49. (Figure 19-22)
a. Aztec
b. Navajo
c. Olmec
d. Hopi
50. (Figure 19-23)
a. Bill Reid
b. Doug Kranmer
c. Otto Pentewa
d. María Martínez
51. (Figure 19-14)
a. Coyolxauhqui
b. Coatlicue
c. Huitzilopochtli
d. Mictlantecuhtli
52. (Figure 19-13)
a. Aztec
b. Mixtec
c. Inka
d. Olmec
53. (Figure 19-18)
a. Tenochtitlán
b. Cuzco
c. Tikal
d. Machu Picchu
54. (Figure 19-21)
a. Aztec
b. Moche
c. Southwest
d. Mississippian
55. (Figure 19-22)
a. Bill Reid
b. Karl Bodmer
c. Otto Pentewa
d. Doug Kranmer