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What happened in history
today?
Month JANUARY
What happened?
1 1802
2
Haiti declares its independence from France.
3 1463
4 1809
5 1757
6 1286
7 1785
8 1873
9 1969
10 1920
11
12
13
14 1963
15 1793
16 1793
17
18
19 639
20 1946
21 1793
22 1963
23 1853
24 1991
25 1515
26 1976
27
1959
Poet François Villon who was condemned to
death by hanging is banished instead.
Louis Braille creates a reading system for
the blind.
Damiens tries to execute the king, but the
knife got lodged in the royal robes. He
caught and drawn and quartered.
Philippe le Bel is crowned King.
First Channel crossing by hot air balloon.
Napolean dies on the Ile d'Hélène.
Inauguration of Charles de Gaulle.
The Concorde runs its first test.
Establishment of the Leaggue of Nations
De Gaulle bars the entry of the British into
the Common Market.
Louis XVI is found guilty of treason in a
vote 683-38
Louis XVI given death penalty.
Birth of Montesquieu
Birth of king Dagobert I.
DeGaulle resigns as President (the first time
elected).
Louis XVI is beheaded at the Place de la
Révolution.
France and Germany sign a treaty of
friendship, ending 400 years of conflict.
The government confiscates the wealth of
the Orléans family.
France attacks Iraq with Jaguar planes in
Gulf War.
François I is crowned.
The Concorde begins its service (ParisDakar-Rio)
28 814
29 1635
30 1853
Death of Charlemagne.
L'Académie Française is established.
Napoléon weds Eugénie de Montijo of
Spain at Notre Dame.
31
Month FEBRUARY
What happened?
1 1798
2 1922
Pope Pius VI is taken prisoner by the French
James Joyce's Ulysses is published in Paris
The S.S. Frnahc makes her maiden voyage
from Le Havre to New York. She is the
longest and last of the great transatlantic
passenger liners.
Slavery is abolished in French colonies
La Rochelle: end of the Huguenot revolt
for a short time. France withdraws its troups
from Mexico.
In Winter Olympics (Grenoble) Jean-Claude
Killy wins three gold medals.
Haitian dictator Duvalier flees to France
Battle of Eylau: France vs. the Russians.
Battle is indecisive.
Benzine found in Perrier water. It is
recalled.
Death of Montesquieu in Paris
Miracles are believed to have happened in
Lourdes.
France recognizes Haiti. Approval for the
French/English tunnel.
Banque de France is founded
the Serments de Strasbourg is signed. It was
an oath of support between two of
Charlemagne's sons.
Blue, white and red adopted for France's
flag.
Louis XV reaches adulthood, thus takes the
throne.
Moliere dies on stage, after collapsing while
playing Le Malade Imaginaire
3 1962
4 1794
5 1626
1867
6 1968
7 1986
8 1807
9 1990
10 1755
11 1858
12 1838, 1986
13 1800
14 642
15 1794
16 1723
17 1673
18
19
20 1620
21 1431
22
23 1898
French sorceress LaVoisin is beheaded.
Trial of Jeanne d'Arc begins
Zola is imprisoned for supporting Alfred
Dreyfus.
Bluebeard (Henri Désiré Landru) is
executed at Versailles for murdering 10
women and burning their bodies in his oven.
24 1922
25
83 Départements replace the preRevolutionary provinces
Henri IV crowned
Napoleon gives Robert Fulton an
opportunity to demonstrate his new
submarine, offering him 400,000 franncs for
any British vessel he sinks
Marquis de Sade is imprisoned in the
Bastille by Royal order
26 1790
27 1594
28 1801
29 1784
Month MARCH
1 1562
2 1784,
1969
3 1791
4 1916
What happened?
The Duc de Guise massacres Protestants at
Vassy
Blanchard makes his first attempt in a
hydrogen balloon. First flight of the
prototype for the Concorde.
silver plate used in churches was removed
and minted into coins
France is assigned upper part of Camaroon
and Togoland
5
6 1990
7 1792
8 1949
9 1796
10
11 1810
12 1829
13
14
15 1744
16 1856
17 1808
18 1903
19 1563, 1687
Marguerite Yourcenar becomes the first
woman in the Academie Francaise
Legislature adopts the guillotine as means
for public execution
France recognizes Viet-Nam's independence
Napoleon marries Josephine de Beauharnais
Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria
Paris police become uniformed in order that
they do not shirk their duties
France declaares war on England
Birth of Prince Imperial, heir to the throne
of Napoleon III
The baccalauréate is established as an exit
exam for lycée
French religious orders are dissolved
End of first Huguenot War. Explorer La
20 1244
21 1804, 1948
22 1895
23
24
25
26 1815
27 1899
28
29 1947
30 1989
31 1596
Month APRIL
1 1944
2
3
4
5
742
1312
1949, 1972
1794
6 1896
7 1803
8 1915
9 1682
10
11 1814
12 1312
13 1303
14 1986
15 1450
Salle killed by his own men,.
Surrender of the Cathars at Montséguir.
Code Napoléon established and enforced
with vigor. Mass transit established in Paris
(RATP).
Lumière Brothers show their first motion
picture.
Napoleon regains his power.
Italian Guiglielmo Marconi makes first radio
transmission across the English Channel.
Rebellion against French rule in Madagascar
The Louvre's new entrance, the glass
pyramid, is opened.
Birth of philosopher, mathematician, and
physicist René Descartes
What happened?
Massive Allied assault on French railroads,
to prevent German use
Birth of Charlemagne
The order of the Templars suppressed
Creation of NATO. First tests of the TGV.
Danton and Desmoulins are executed.
Revival of the Greek Olympic games by
Baron Pierre de Coubertin
Toussaint L'Ouverture is siezed in Haiti and
returned to France
Creation of the Croix de Guerre for heroism
La Salle reaches the Gulf of Mexico and
claims the Mississippi and all of its
tributaries as territory for France
Napoleon is exiled to Elba
Lyon and surrounding area are annexed by
France
The Pope excommunicates King Philippe le
Bel
Death of Simone de Beauvoir
Battle of Formigny (England's crossbows
against France's artillery) ends the Hundred
Years' War with victory for France
16
17
18 1885
19 1956
20 1534
21 1944
22 1370
23 1970
24 1792
25 1782
26 1248
27 1784
28 1969
29
Louis XIV's throne is sold at auction for
6,500 francs
Prince Rainier of Monaco weds actress
Grace Kelly
Jacques Cartier leaves France with two ships
and 61 men.
Women are guaranteed right to vote.
Construction of the Bastille begins.
A hat worn by Napoleon was sold for
$29,471, the most ever paid for a hat.
Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle composes
the Marseillaise in one night.
Les Liaisons Dangereuses is published amid
much scandal.
Consecration of the Sainte-Chappelle in
Paris
The Barber of Seville opens at the ComédieFrançaise
DeGaulle resigns
30 1863
Capt. Jean Danjou and 64 men are
ambushed by 2,000 Mexicans and swear
death rather than surrender.
Month MAY
What happened?
1 1990
2 1519
3 1968
4 1814
5 1862
6 1794
In Strasbourg, 26 chefs cook and 80,000 egg
omelette.
Leonardo da Vinci dies in Amboise
Student uprising in Paris
Napoleon arrives at Elba
Napoleon III's troups are defeated in the
Battle of Puebla. eventually causing France
to abandon its troops, leaving Maximilian
behind.
Negros and Mulatto's riot for their rights in
Haiti
7
8
9 1918
10 1981
11 1986
Pilot René Fonck shoots down six German
fighter planes in 45 seconds.
Mitterand elected President
Jean-Louis Etienne becomes the first man to
ski at the North Pole.
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Month JUNE
1 1879
2 1910
3 1935
4 1070
5 1783
6 1944
7 1520
8 1795
9 1660, 1965
10 1809
11 1798
12 1667
13
14 1800, 1940
What happened?
Death of Napoleon's son, Louis Jean Joseph
Napoléon
A plane flew from Dover to Calais and back
La Normandie makes her first voyage across
the Atlantic in record time.
The beginning of roquefort cheese
Le Montgolfier brothers invent the hot air
balloon
D-Day
François I throws England's King Henry VII
in wrestling match
Louis XVII dies in prison at age 10
Louis XIV marries Marie-Thérèse
Michel Jazy sets world track record with
mile run of 3:56:6
Pope excommunicates Napoléon
Napoleon takes Malta
first blood transfusion by Jean-Baptiste
Denys, lanbs blood to human
Napoleon defeats Austrians at Battle of
15 1969, 1988
16 1456
17 1940
18 1815
19 1790
20 1791
21 1870
22 1808
23 1886, 1977
24 1793
25 1946
26 1906
27 1977
28 1919
29 1880
30 1859
Month JULY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Marengo. German troops march into Paris.
Georges Pompidou is elected President.
First Ariane rocket is launched from
Guyana.
Charles VII annuls charge of heresy against
Jean d'Arc
Pétain asks Germans for clemency. Charles
de Gaulle flees to England to form
Resistance Army.
Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo.
All hereditary titles are ablolished.
Louis XVI and family flee.
Tiestsin Massacro of French missionaries in
China
Dual in hot air balloon. The winner deflated
the other's balloon.
Law banishes French royal families from
France. Last man ever guillotined in France.
Law grants right to vote to all men.
First commercial aircraft flies from Paris to
NY by Air France DC4 propeller craft.
First Grand Prix race organized at Lemans:
770 miles and two days.
French Somaliland gains independance.
Signing of the Treaty of Versailles
Tahiti is annexed to France
Jean François Gravelot walks tightrope
across Niagara Falls in five minutes.
What happened?
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Month AUGUST
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
What happened?
27
28
29
30
31
Month SEPTEMBER
1 1715
2 1870
3 1939
4 1989
5 1661
6 1757
7 1812
8 1760
9 1961
10 1419
11
12 1066
13 1759
14 1812
15 1916
16 1991
What happened?
Death of Louis XIV after a 72 year
rule
Napoleon taken prisoner at Sedan by
the Prussians
France and Great Britain declare war
on Germany.
Georges Simenon, Belgian mystery
writer dies in Switzerland
Fouquet arrested by Louis XIV
Birth of the Marquis de Lafayette in
Auvergne
Napoleon forces the Prussians to fight
the bloodiest battle in history up to
that time.
Fall of Quebec to the British
Charles de Gaulle barely escapes an
assassination attempt.
Jean Sans Peur is assassinated.
William (the Conqueror) sets sail for
England.
The Battle for Quebec on the Plains of
Abraham begins. Both Generals
(Wolfe and Montcalm) die.
Napoleon's army enters Moscow,
which the Russians burn in retreat.
First tanks used in war history.
A single engine plane flies under the
Arc de Triomphe and the Eiffel
Tower.
17
18 1595
19 1356
20 1992
The Pope removes the ban of
excommunication from Henri IV.
The Battle of Poitiers. The French
forces lose to Edward, the Black
Prince.
The Treaty of Maastricht is ratified by
a narrow margin. France will enter
21 1792
the European Union.
No more Kings!!! France becomes a
republic.
22
23 52 B.C.
24 768
25 1911
26 1918
27 1936
28 1934
29 1991
30 1981
Month OCTOBER
Vercingétorix (the Gaul)surrenders to
Julius Caesar.
King Pépin the Short dies.
French battleship Liberté explodes in
Toulon, killing 285.
French pilot René Fonck shoots down
six German fighter planes in 45
seconds for the second time.
France abandons the gold standard.
Birth of actress and animal rights
activist Brigitte Bardot.
French farmers protest the agricultural
policy.
France abolishes capital punishment.
What happened?
1
2 1461
3 1700
Poet François Villon is released from prison
(death row) by king.
Carlos II of Spain selects Louis XIV's
grandson as heir. Begins war.
4
5 1789
6 1789
7 1337
8 1918
9 272
10 732
11
12
13
14
15
1793
1307
1894
1795 and 1917
Parisian women march on Versailles to
protest the bread prices.
Royal family moves from Versailles to
Tuileries in Paris.
Edward III claims the throne, doubting
Philippe VI's legitimacy.
In the Argonne Forest, Sergeant Alvin York
singlehandedly captures a hill, killing 20
enemy soldiers and capturing 132 others.
Decapitation of St. Denis, patron saint of
Paris. Supposedly walked for another two
miles with head in his hand.
Battle of Tours. Charles Martel defeats the
moors.
Trial of Marie Antoinette begins.
Arrest of the Knights of the Templars.
Captain Alfred Dreyfus is arrested.
Napoleon meets Josephine. Death of Mata
16 1793
17 1849
18 1685
19 1453
20 1869
21 1680
22 1943
23 1992
24 1648
25 1415
26 1881
27 1806
28 1962 and 1533
Hari.
Marie Antoiette, Queen, is beheaded at age
37.
Chopin dies.3,000 mourners.
Louis XIV issues Edict of Fontainebleau
which abolishes religious and civil rights
given the Huguenots with the Edict of
Nantes.
End of the 100 Years War.
A patent for margarine is issued to
Hippolyte Mège-Mouriès.
Beginning of the theater La Comédie
Française in Paris.
Birth of actress Catherine DeNeuve.
A court convicts 3 former health officials of
distributing the AIDS virus.
End of the Thirty Years' War.
Henry V of England defeats French at the
Battle of Agincourt.
Pasteur treats the first human with the rabies
virus (vaccination).
Napoléon marches into Berlin.
Referendum for universal suffrage is
passed. Marriage of Catherinde de Medicis,
niece of Pope Clement VII to Henri II.
29
30 1628 and 1990
31 1898
Month NOVEMBER
1 1337
1954
2 1789
1801
3 1762
4 1380
5 1712
6
1911
La Rochelle surrenders to Richelieu after 13
months of starvation and disease. Two sides
of Chunnel are linked.
Dr. Perrier and backers buy the spring at
Vergeze for 115,000 francs.
What happened?
100 Years War begins. Revolt breaks out
in Algeria.
All church property is confiscated. Metric
system adopted.
Treaty of Fontainebleau: France
compensates Spain for its help in the French
and Indian War by ceding all of Louisiana
west of the Mississippi River.
Coronation of Charles VI. Germany avoids
war by allowing France to annex Morocco.
Philip V of Spain renounces claim to the
French throne.
7 1911
8 1603
1793
9 1799
1953
10 1793
11 11/11, at 11:00
12 1859
13 1907
14 1887
15 1793
16 1917
17 1869
18 1852
19 1703
20 1917
21 1783
22
23 1407
1654
24
25 1616
26 1688
27 1055
28 1958
29 1226
1962
30 1838
Month DECEMBER
1
2
3
Marie Curie receives the Nobel Prize
Pierre de Monts takes over what is now
Canada. Louvre open to public.
Napoleon's coup d'état. France grants
independence to Cambodia.
Temple of Reason festival, to worship the
goddess of reason
Armistice Day. World War I peace.
Jules Leotard brings his trapeze act to Paris.
First helicopter flight: 20 seconds at 6 feet
altitude
Founding of the Pasteur Institute
France standardizes bread.
Georges Clemenceau becomes Premier at
age 75.
Princess Eugénie attends opening of the
Suez Canal.
Crédit Mobilier, a joint stock company
opens.
Man in the Iron Mask (Count Anthony
Mathioli, dies in the Bastille
Tanks are used for victory over Germans.
Begins use of tanks in warfare.
First hot air balloon, called the Montgolfier.
Jean Sans Peur has Louis,Duc d'Orleans
assassinated. Pascal claims to have seen
God.
Richelieu becomes Secretary of State.
Louis XIV declares war on Holland.
Pope Urbain II preaches to recruit the first
crusade.
Chad declares its independence from
France.
Louis IX is crowned at Reims at age 12.
Britain and France collaborate with the
Concorde (SST) project.
France declares war on Mexico over
Mexico's debt.
What happened?
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31