Chapters 17-19 IDs and Essential Questions Chapter 17 Martin Luther Peace of Augsburg Reformation Henry VIII Act of Supremacy Counter-Reformation or Catholic Reformation Council of Trent Edict of Nantes Thirty Years War Essential Questions: What led to the rise of the Reformation in Europe? What were the political consequences of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation? Chapter 18 Ottomans: rise, spread, decline Suleyman the Magnificent Mehmet II, the Conqueror Istanbul Vienna vizier devshirme millet harem governmental structure Safavids: rise, spread, decline Uzbeks Ismai’l “red heads” Safi al Din Safavid carpets Mughals: rise, spread, decline Akbar zamindars Shah Jahan Aurangzeb Taj Mahal sati purdah Ramcaritmanas Mughal architecture and painting Essential Question: What was the policy towards other religions in the three Muslim empires, and how did affect each of these empires politically? Chapter 19 Prince Henry the Navigator Early slave trade Portuguese trade Technological advances in sailing (Europe) South Asia and Portugal Yongle Zheng He Ming Dynasty: rise, spread, decline Chinese trade tributary system Beijing Qing Dynasty: rise Manchus Diarchy Qianlong Chinese population explosion Chinese status of women The Dream of the Red Chamber Tokugawa Ieyasu shogunate Edo Hideyoshi Japanese status of women Essential Questions: Why did Europeans initiate expansionist policies? In what ways did Europeans owe some of their sailing technologies to other peoples? How did the reception of Christianity differ in China and Japan?