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Number and Operations in Base Ten
Number and Operations – Fractions
X_STANDARDS_NA,
X_STANDARDS_NA
Preparation
for 5.NF.2
Name
Lesson 5
Least Common
Multiple
eHelp
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Ben’s Burgers gives away a free order of fries every 2 days, a free
milkshake every 3 days, and a free hamburger every 4 days. If they
gave away all three items today, in how many days will they give
away all three items again?
Find and circle the LCM of 2, 3 and 4 by listing nonzero multiples of
each number.
2: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 . . .
3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 . . .
4: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 . . .
The least common multiple of 2, 3, and 4 is 12.
So, Ben’s Burgers will give away all three items again in 12 days.
Check The number line shows on which days all three activities will
be completed.
H
M
F
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Day 0
H
F M F
1
2
3
4
M
F
5
6
H
F M
7
8
F
H
M
F
H = hamburger
F
M
M = milkshake
F = fries
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Practice
Find the LCM of each set of numbers.
1. 7, 14
2. 6, 15
3. 5, 9, 15
Lesson 5 My Homework581
Problem Solving
4. The cycles for two different events are shown
in the table. Each of these events happened
in the year 2000. What is the next year in
which both will happen?
3
5.
Event
Cycle (yr)
Summer Olympics
United States Census
4
10
Draw a Conclusion Is the statement below
always, sometimes, or never true? Give at least two examples to
support your reasoning. The LCM of two numbers is the product
of the two numbers.
Vocab
Vocabulary Check
Fill in each blank with the correct word(s) to complete each sentence.
6. Multiples that are shared by two or more numbers are
.
7. The least common multiple (LCM) is the
common to sets of multiples.
multiple, other than 0,
8. Micah is buying items for a birthday
party. If he wants to have the same
amount of each item, what is the
least number of packages of cups
he needs to buy?
A
2 packages
C
4 packages
B
3 packages
D
5 packages
582Need more practice? Download Extra Practice at
Party Supplies
Number in
Item
Each Package
Cups
Plates
6
8
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Test Practice