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Eric Lawhorn 96
If you have heart disease,
you’re not alone.
Rehabilitating Your Heart
A Presentation of the
Department of Cardiology of
the Mount Pleasant Regional
Hospital
Over 1.5 million Americans have
heart attacks every year.
Americans spend more money on
heart disease than any other
illness—
illness
—$80 billion per year.
More people die of cardiovascular
disease than from all other causes of
death combined
combined..
Normal artery
Diseased artery
What Is Heart Disease?
What Causes Heart Disease?
Atherosclerosis: hardening and
clogging of the arteries.
Heart attacks and angina pectoris
are caused by atherosclerosis of the
coronary arteries
Genetics and other things we can’t
control
Smoking
Obesity
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Inactivity (sedentary lifestyle)
Excess stress and tension
superior vena cava
right atrium
aorta
pulmonary trunk
left atrium
right coronary artery
anterior interventricular artery
How Can You Rehabilitate Your
Heart?
Diet
Exercise
Stress
Management
Substance
Management
Medications
Dietary Guidelines
Eat a lowlow-fat diet (10(10-30% of
calories from fat)
Avoid foods with cholesterol
Eat 3–
3–5 servings of vegetable group
daily
Eat 2–
2–4 servings of fruit group daily
Eat 6–
6–11 servings of grain group
daily
Eat more fish and less red meat
1
Exercise Guidelines
Type: Use large muscle groups
Type:
(legs): walking, hiking, biking,
skating, jogging, dancing, kickkickboxing, etc.
Duration:: 20 to 60 minutes
Duration
Frequency:: At least 3 times per
Frequency
week
Intensity:: Get heart rate up to 60
Intensity
to 80% of maximum. Max = 220 –
Age in years
Substance Management
Guidelines
Avoid smoking
Reduce or omit caffeine
Reduce alcohol consumption
Recommended OverOver -the
the-Counter Drugs
Baby aspirin (to help thin the blood)
Vitamins C and E (antioxidants to
prevent arterial wall damage)
Multivitamins (to improve overall
health)
Stress Management Guidelines
Promote informal social activities
with family and friends
Manage your time wisely
Take time to rejuvenate
Be kind but assertive
Apply relaxation techniques
Meditate and/or pray
Prescription Medications
Cholesterol and triglyceride lowering
drug, e.g., Lipitor (Atorvastatin)
Blood thinning drug, e.g., Plavix
(Clopidogrel)
Blood pressure lowering drug, e.g.,
Lotrel
Bibliography
Dr. Dean Ornish’s Program for
Reversing Heart Disease,
Disease , Random
House, New York, 1990.
Big Book of Healthy Family Dinners,
Dinners,
Better Homes and Garden, De
Moines, 1999.
2