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AP World History
1750 – 1914 Overview
(Periodization Question:
Why 1750 –1914?)
Changes in Global Commerce,
Communication and Technology

Patterns of World Trade


Who, where, what, how in 1750?
What will and won’t change by 1914?
Changes in Global Commerce,
Communication and Technology

Modes of Transportation/ communication


Impact of railroad, steam, telegraph
Suez Canal, Panama Canal
Suez Canal
Suez canal opened in 1869
Changes in Global Commerce,
Communication and Technology

Industrial Revolution
Origins of I.R. – where, what
and when
 Rationale of capitalism –
Adam Smith
 Impact of I.R. on time, family,
work, labor
 Relationship of nations during I.R.
 Intellectual responses to I.R. – Marxism, socialism

Power loom
Fatcat
Milltown
Miner
Streetchildren
Demographic and Environmental
Changes

Migration – Immigration


Why?
Where?
Demographic and Environmental
Changes
End of Atlantic Slave Trade
 New Birthrate Patterns
 Disease prevention
and eradication
 Food Supply

Changes in Social and Gender
Structure
Industrial Revolution
 Commercial developments
 Tension between work patterns and ideas
about gender
 Emancipation of Serfs
and Slaves
Suffrage

Changes in Social and Gender
Structure

Women’s emancipation movements
Political Revolutions and
Independence Movements


Latin American Independence Movements
Why?
Simon Bolivar
Political Revolutions and
Independence Movements

Revolutions


Why Revolution now?
Where?
United States (1776)
 France (1789)
 Haiti (1803)
 Mexico (1910)
 China (1911)

Political Revolutions and
Independence Movements
Haitian Revolution
Toussaint
L’Ouverture
Political Revolutions and
Independence Movements
Mexican Revolution
Political Revolutions and
Independence Movements
Chinese Revolution
Dr. Sun Yat Sen
Manchus
New Political Ideas


Rise of Nationalism
Growth of Nation-states/ empires
New Political Ideas

Movements of Political Reform


Jacobins in France
Taiping Rebellion in China
New Political Ideas

Rise of Democracy and its limitations




Reform
Women
Racism
Social Darwinism

Herbert Spencer
Rise of Western Dominance
Imperialism/Colonialism: Why’s & How’s
W:3 G’s; economic, national pride, social just.
H: Use of force, technology, cures, take
advantage of African rivalries
Changes: “Old” imperialism (colonialism) and
New Imperialism
 African continent, much of Asia, and Oceania


Ethiopia, Liberia and Siam are the only independent
countries
Rise of Western Dominance
Scramble for Africa
Rise of Western Dominance

Economic, Political, Social, Cultural, & Artistic
Rise of Western Dominance

Cultural and Political Reactions to western
dominance (reform, resistance, rebellion, racism,
nationalism)






Japan– Commodore Perry and Meiji Restoration
Russia– Reforms and Rebellions
Siam and Ethiopia-- defensive modernization
China--Boxer Rebellion
Islamic and Chinese responses compared
Impact of Changing European Ideologies on
Colonial Administrations
Rise of Western Dominance

Japan– Commodore Perry and Meiji
Restoration
Rise of Western Dominance

China—Boxer Rebellion
Diverse Interpretations

Modernization theory debates

Cause of serf and slave emancipation?

Nature of women’s roles at the time in
industrial areas? In colonial societies? Elite
versus lower class?
Comparisons



Industrial revolution in western Europe and Japan
(causes and early phases)
Revolutions (American, French, Haitian,
Mexican, and Chinese)
Reaction to foreign domination in Ottomans
empire, China, India and Japan.
Ottomans- 19th century
Young Turk
Revolutionaries
The Last Sultans
Comparisons

Nationalism

Forms of intervention in 19th century Latin
America and Africa

Roles and conditions of upper/ middle versus
working/ peasant class women in western Europe
European women 19th century
Queen Victoria’s
family
British family
in India
Russian peasant family
Conclusions



What are the global processes that are at
play? Which have intensified? Diminished?
Predict how the events of the 19th century
are a natural culmination of earlier
developments.
Speculate what historical events in the 19th
century would have most surprised
historians of earlier eras.
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