Transportation Revolution Invention of the Steamboat Robert Fulton was the inventor in 1807 The Clermont traveled up the Hudson River Started the canal building process By 1840 there were more than 3300 miles of canal in the US Transportation Revolution Construction of the Erie Canal Connected the Hudson River with Lake Erie at Buffalo, New York Rivers were a faster and more economical means of transporting goods Great social and economic changes for the Northern States National Road The first major east-west highway Started in 1811 from Cumberland, MD to Wheeling, VA The only federal funded project of its time Most were usually built by the States and private business (toll roads) Railroads The “Iron Horse” Developed by Peter Cooper, that were largely based on those built in Britain It was called the Tom Thumb Pulled the first passengers at an average of 10 mph Many advantages over the steamboat Could travel anywhere track could be laid Much faster than horse and wagon Industrial Revolution Manufacturing shifted from that of hand tools to large machines Factories replaced home based workshops Manufactures sold products nationwide and overseas IR had originally started in Britain in the 1700s Question? How does this affect the United States? Technological Advances These advances increased the industrial growth in the United States. Eli Whitney developed the idea of interchangeable parts in the gun-making industry. Machines were able to produce large amounts of identical pieces that workers assembled into finished goods. Samuel F.B. Morse perfected the telegraph in 1832. He developed the Morse code for sending messages. More than 50,000 miles of telegraph wire crossed the country in 1860.