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Birds in Belize
Bird Diversity in Belize
• 540+ species in 8866
square miles
• Belize is the size of
Massachusetts
• What families are
found in Belize but
not the United
States?
Some bird diversity statistics…
9748 species in the world in 204 families
94 families/1350 species in Mexico/Central
America (14% of bird species in 1.5% of
the world’s land area)
75 bird families in Belize
Neotropics
What is a neotropical
migrant?
Neotropical Bird Families in
Belize
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(families in Belize but not in U.S.A.)
• Ovenbirds
Tinamous
• Woodcreepers
Sungrebe
• Antbirds
Jacana*
• Antthrushes
Potoos
• Cotingas
Motmots
• Manakins
Puffbirds
• Bananaquit*
Jacamars
* a single species of this family has
occurred as an accidental in U.S.A.
Toucans
Potoos: Nyctibiidae
• Related to Whip-poorwill, nighthawks, et al.
- Caprimulgiformes
• One species in
Belize, the Northern
Potoo
Motmots: Momotidae
• Three species in
Belize
• Blue-crowned Motmot
(common)
• Tody Motmot (Less
common)
• Keel-billed Motmot
(rare)
Jacamars: Galbulidae
• One species in
Belize, the Rufoustailed Jacamar,
Galbula ruficauda
Toucans: Ramphastidae
• Three species in
Belize: we are most
likely to see the Keelbilled Toucan
• Also there are
Collared Aracari and
Emerald Toucanet
Woodcreepers:
Dendrocolaptidae
• similar to
woodpeckers and
Brown Creeper of
North America
• Several species, all
adapted for gleaning
insects from bark
Antbirds
• they don’t eat ants,
they follow them
Ant wren
• Ant shrike
• 
Black-faced Antthrush
So many
birds…
• Vireos, warblers, wrens,
tanagers….
...Hummingbirds- 22 species
Long-tailed hermit
Green-breasted mango
White-necked jacobin
Purple-crowned fairy
Lots of hawks
Northern Jacana
Common black-hawk
Bat falcon
Trogons
Slaty tailed trogon
Violaceous trogon
…Lots of flycatchers
Tropical flycatcher
Parrots and allies
Red-lored
mealy
Birds of the Islands
Laughing gull
Royal tern
Brown Pelican
Magnificent Frigate Bird
Brown booby
Brown jay
Ecological Roles: some are unique
to the Neotropics, some are similar
to those seen in temperate areas
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Army ant followers
Fruit eaters and dispersers
Nectarivory and pollination
Niche partitioning: hummingbirds,
flycatchers, et al.