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FHM TRAINING TOOLS
This training presentation is part of FHM’s
commitment to creating and keeping safe
workplaces.
Be sure to check out all the training programs
that are specific to your industry.
Hazard Communication for General
Industrial Employers
►►►
These materials have been developed based on applicable federal laws and regulations in place at the time the materials were created. The program
is being provided for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute and is not intended to provide OSHA compliance certification,
regulatory compliance, a substitute for any "hands on“ training required by applicable laws and regulations, or other legal or professional advice or
services. By accessing the materials, you assume all responsibility and risk arising from the use of the content contained therein.
©2010 Grainger Safety Services, Inc.
Learning Objectives
Objectives:
►
Recognize hazardous chemicals in the work area
►
Identify physical and health hazards
►
Identify measures to prevent harmful exposures
Agenda
Overview:
►
Discuss methods to detect chemicals
►
Review potential physical and health hazards
►
Precautions and protective measures
►Section 1
Overview
The Hazard Communication Standard
Hazard Communication Standard:
►
Provides workers with right to know hazards
32 million workers exposed to hazardous
chemicals per OSHA:
►
National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health,
lists 575,000 hazardous
chemical products in workplaces
Employer Responsibilities
The Hazard Communication Standard established:
►
Chemical manufacturers and importers must list
hazard information on material safety data sheets
Use hazard communication procedures to:
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Inform and train workers
►
Establish a chemical inventory
►
Retain warning labels
►
Provide material safety
data sheets
Information Provided to Employees
Employees must be informed of:
►
Hazardous chemicals present in work area
►
Location of written hazardous program
►
Location of hazardous chemical inventory
►
Location of material safety data sheets
Employee Training
Train employees to determine:
►
If chemicals are present
►
Potential hazards of chemicals
►
Protection from harmful
chemicals
►Section 2
Detecting
Chemicals in the
Workplace
Container Labeling
Hazardous chemical container labeling:
►
Hazardous chemicals must be labeled,
tagged, or marked
►
Containers are appropriately labeled
Four types of containers:
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Primary
►
Secondary
►
Stationary containers
►
Portable containers
Primary Containers
Primary containers:
►
Three elements of information:
– Identification
– Appropriate hazard warnings
– Name and address of chemical manufacturer
Secondary Container
Term used to distinguish from primary container:
►
Container is labeled, tagged, or marked with:
– Identification
– Contained therein
– Appropriate warnings
Stationary Containers
Stationary process containers:
►
Affixing labels required
by employer
►
Written materials
readily accessible
Portable Containers
Portable containers:
►
Transfer chemicals from labeled containers
►
For use by employee performing transfer
Ways to Detect Chemical Presence
Detecting presence of chemicals:
►
Perform industrial hygiene
surveys
►
Monitoring devices to detect:
– Gases
– Dusts
– Vapors
►Section 3
Physical and
Chemical Hazards
Chemicals Come In a Variety of Forms
Hazards chemicals presents:
►
Dusts
►
Fumes
►
Fibers
►
Mists
►
Vapors
►
Gases
►
Solids
►
Liquids
Routes of Entry
The four common routes of entry are:
►
Ingestion
►
Inhalation
►
Absorption
►
Injection
Hazard Types
Physical hazards:
►
Fire
►
Explosion
►
Reaction
Health hazards:
►
Problems range from:
– Irritation
– Toxic effect
– Cancer
Acute and Chronic Effects
Acute and Chronic effects:
►
Acute effect from a single exposure
►
Chronic effects from repeated exposures
Health Hazard Terms
Chemical hazards are described as:
►
Toxic
►
Carcinogen
►
Corrosive
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Irritant
►
Sensitizer
►
Target organ effect
Physical Hazards
Physical hazards described as:
►
Flammable
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Combustible
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Reactivity
►
Reactive chemicals
►
Undesirable effects
Information is Power
Advantages of MSDS on hazardous chemicals:
►
Detailed information
►
Including its potential
►
Physical and chemical characteristics
►
Recommendations for protective measures
OSHA Form 174, used by
chemical manufacturers and
importers to comply with the rule
►Section 4
Protective
Measures
Accessibility of the MSDS
Employees must have access to the MSDS:
►
MSDS is kept at central location
►
Computerize information
►
Provide access through terminals
Protective Measures
Protective measure categories:
►
Engineering controls
►
Management controls
►
Personal protective equipment
►Section 5
Your
Responsibilities
Your Responsibilities
Responsibilities for hazard communication:
►
Familiarity with the locations
►
Knowledge of basic identity and presence
►
Understand the labeling system
►
Read labels of chemicals
►
Location of MSDS
Your Responsibilities
Follow established precautions to avoid exposure:
►
Work procedures
►
Ventilation systems
►
Personal protective equipment
►
Respond in an emergency
►
Aware of written hazard
communication program
Additional Information
Hazard Communication. OSHA Fact Sheet No. 93-26
Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance.
OSHA Publication 3111 (2000)
Chemical Hazard Communication. OSHA Publication
3084 (1998)