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Dictionary of World Biography
After the war Napoléon spent the last two years of
his life at Chislehurst, Kent, and died after a failed
operation for kidney stones. He was reburied at
Farnborough in 1888. His only son, Napoléon
Eugène Louis (1856–1879), known as the Prince
Imperial, was killed fighting for Britain in the
Zulu War.
Ridley, J., Napoléon and Eugenie. 1979.
Narayan, R(asipuram) K(richnaswamy) (1906
-2001). Indian novelist, born in Madras. His novels
and short stories, set in Malgudi, an invented area
in south India, and written in English, were much
admired by Graham *Greene and V. S. *Naipaul for
their penetrating analysis of the conflict of cultures,
class and caste, Hinduism and secularism. His novels
include Swami and Friends (1935), Waiting for the
Mahatma (1958), The Guide (1958), A Tiger for
Malgudi (1983), The World of Nagaraj (1990) and
The Grandmother’s Tale (1993).
Narayanan, Kocheril Raman (1921–2005). Indian
politician. An ‘Untouchable’, educated in London, he
became a journalist and diplomat. He was Minister
for Science and Technology 1986–89, Vice President
of India 1992–97 and President 1997–2002.
Narses (c.478–c.573). Armenian administrator
and general. A eunuch, he rose to high office in the
imperial household at Constantinople and proved his
usefulness to the emperor *Justinian by suppressing
(532) an insurrection in the city. He was sent to Italy
(538) to assist (and perhaps spy upon) *Belisarius
and to gain experience of command. He was soon
brought back to Constantinople but after the Goths
had taken advantage of the recall of Belisarius (548)
to conquer most of the country, Narses was sent to
Italy (552) with a large army to retrieve the situation.
To the surprise of all he showed great military skill,
defeated the Gothic leader Tortila in a decisive battle,
recaptured Rome and by 554 had driven Tortila’s
Frankish allies from northern Italy. He governed Italy
until his recall in 567, after which date little certain
about him is known.
Nash, John (1752–1835). English architect. Having
developed his professional skill while employed by
Sir Robert Taylor, he used money inherited from
an uncle for speculative building, a venture that
led to bankruptcy. He then moved to Wales where
he practised with success and formed a partnership
with the landscape gardener Humphry *Repton, who
may have brought him to the notice of the Prince of
Wales (*George IV). The connexion brought him
many commissions for country houses and when the
prince became regent (1811), it was to Nash that he
turned for the realisation of his ambitious scheme
for developing London’s West End. Regent Street
(now rebuilt) began the approach to the redesigned
Marylebone Park (now Regent’s Park), round part of
which were built the famous ‘Nash terraces’ of stucco
houses that still survive. The planning of Trafalgar
Square and its relationship to a redeveloped St James’s
Park area were all part of the general scheme, and
Buckingham House was reconstructed as Buckingham
Palace. Nash also created the Brighton pavilion for
his royal patron (1818–21). As a town planner he
had few equals, as an architect he popularised the
Regency style of stucco-covered houses in the classical
idiom which, despite technical defects, had much
dignity and charm and set the pattern (followed with
little taste and understanding) for the monotonous
Victorian developments of the next decades.
Davis, T., The Prince Regent’s Architect. 1973.
Nash, John Forbes, Jr. (1928–2015). American
mathematician. He worked for the Rand Corporation
but suffered from schizophrenia and was often
institutionalised over a 30–year period. He shared
the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics for his work on
games theory, based on research at Princeton in 1950.
His life was the basis of an Academy Award winning
film, A Beautiful Mind (2001).
Nasar, S., A Beautiful Mind. 1998.
Nash, Ogden (1902–1971). American poet.
His humorous verse, featured in the New Yorker,
was notable for lines of irregular length and
unconventional rhymes. Several collections have been
published, e.g. The Private Dining Room (1953), You
Can’t Get There from Here (1957) and The Untold
Adventures of Santa Claus (1965).
Nash, Paul (1889–1946). English painter. Trained at
the Chelsea Polytechnic, he was a regular exhibitor
at the New English Art Club and became known
mainly for landscapes in a simplified geometric style
influenced by Cubism. He was an official artist in
both World Wars and was adept at investing with
symbolism the debris of a battlefield. Some of the
most striking of his war pictures are in the Imperial
War Museum. From 1927 he introduced a note of
surrealism and exhibited at the London surrealist
exhibition (1936). He also designed, especially in
his earlier career, textiles, book illustrations and stage
settings. His brother, John Nash (1893–1977), was
also a landscape painter.
Eates, M., Paul Nash. 1973.
Nash, Richard (known as ‘Beau Nash’) (1674–1762).
English dandy. He lived by his wits and by gaming
until (1705) he went to Bath, where he soon became
the master of ceremonies and undisputed ‘king’,
with autocratic powers over dress and behaviour
in the assembly rooms and other places of resort.
He introduced gambling, duelling, and a dance band
from London. Road improvements and even street
lighting came under his control, and Bath became the
most fashionable of English spas.
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