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Herbal Pharmacy Homework
Foundations in Herbal Medicine
Name: ___________________________________________________________________
1. Which of the following classes of compounds often have potent interactions
with the central and/or autonomic nervous systems?
a. Glycoside
b. Alkaloid
c. Flavonoid
d. Tannins
2. Which of the following is NOT a tropane alkaloid?
a. Atropine
b. Scopolamine
c. Hyoscyamine
d. Quinine
3. Bloodroot and California poppy both contain this alkaloid.
a. Berberine
b. Coniine
c. Sanguinarine
d. Hydrastine
4. This class of organic compounds is formed by the interaction of a hydroxyl
group of a sugar moiety and non- sugar moiety, with the loss of a water
molecule.
a. Glycoside
b. Tannin
c. Essential oil
d. Alkaloid
5. Amygdalin from almonds and prunasin from wild cherry bark are examples
of this class of compounds.
a. Saponin glycoside
b. Anthraquinone glycoside
c. Cyanogenic glycoside
d. Phenolic glycoside
6. Anthraquinone glycosides would not be found in which of the following?
a. Dandelion
b. Aloe
c. Senna
d. Cascara sagrada
7. The cardioactive glycoside convallatoxin is derived from which of the
following plants?
a. Digitalis lanata
b. Digitalis purpurea
c. Convallaria majalis
d. Convolvulus scammonia
8. This herb should be aged at least one year before use?
a. Aloe
b. Licorice
c. Dandelion
d. Cascara
9. Which of the following laxative herbs is also quite high in tannins?
a. Rhubarb
b. Senna
c. Aloe
d. Cascara
10. This class of glycoside forms colloidal solutions when mixed with water.
a. Anthraquinone
b. Iridoid
c. Phenolic
d. Saponin
11. This class of compounds predominantly comprises the plant pigments
responsible for color of flowers, fruits and sometimes leaves.
a. Saponin glycosides
b. Condensed tannins
c. Flavonol glycosides
d. Lactone glycosides
12. The word anthocyanin comes from the Greek words meaning:
a. Flower + yellow
b. Flower + red
c. Flower + blue
d. Flower + green
13. The yellow colored berberine, present in plants such as goldenseal and
barberry, is this type of compound.
a. Flavonol glycoside
b. Isoquinoline alkaloid
c. Pyrrolizidine alkaloid
d. Triterpene glycoside
14. Up to 70% of plants in this family accumulates alkaloids, many of which can
be toxic.
a. Apiaceae
b. Asteraceae
c. Solanaceae
d. Ranunculaceae
15. This piperidine alkaloid is responsible for the paralysis of motor nerve
endings in hemlock.
a. Coniine
b. Nicotine
c. Lobeline
d. Sanguinarine
16. This photosensitizing lactone glycoside is found in many members of the
Apiaceae family.
a. Salicin
b. Oleuropein
c. Psoralen
d. Apigenin
17. The core structure of this glycoside is 2 benzene rings connected by a 3carbon chain.
a. Isothiocyanate
b. Anthraquinone
c. Flavonol
d. Saponin
18. What class of compound is glycyrrhizin, found in licorice?
a. Cyanogenic glycoside
b. Flavonol glycoside
c. Piperidine alkaloid
d. Saponin glycoside
19. Tropical ataxic neuropathy (TAN) describes neurological symptoms effecting
the mouth, eyesight, hearing and gait from people eating too much of this
cyanogenic glycoside rich plant.
a. Cassava
b. Flax
c. Comfrey
d. Senecio
20. This alkaloid was named for the Greek god of dreams.
a. Belladonna
b. Atropos
c. Morphine
d. Codeine
21. All of the following are examples of steroidal saponins EXCEPT?
a. Ginsenosides
b. Diosgenin
c. Sarsaponin
d. Luteolin
22. The nomenclature of ____________________ is based upon the name of the
primary plant from which it is derived.
a. Alkaloids
b. Glycosides
c. Tannins
d. All of the above
23. Silymarin and schisandrin are both examples of this class of compounds.
a. Isoflavone
b. Lactone
c. Flavonolignan
d. Saponin
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