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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
What determines climate?
• __________ is the condition of Earth’s
atmosphere at a particular time and place.
• __________ describes the weather
conditions in an area over a long period of
time.
• Climate is usually determined by
___________ and ____________.
• Temperature ranges include all of the
temperatures in an area, from the
__________ extreme to the _________
extreme, and they are used to describe
__________.
• ____________ patterns over time, rather
than average precipitation, are used to
determine __________.
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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
How is the sun’s energy related to
Earth’s climate?
• _________ is directly related to the
amount of energy from the _____, or
________ energy, that an area receives.
• The amount of solar energy depends on
_________.
• __________ is a location’s angular
distance in degrees north or south from
the __________.
• Solar energy powers the _______
________ and winds, which affect the
temperature, _____________, and other
factors that determine climate.
• As _________ increases, the angle of the
sun’s rays becomes greater. This reduces
____________.
• Locations near the poles are ________
than locations near the __________.
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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
• The sun powers the water cycle, which
causes the ____________,
______________, and ______________
necessary to create weather.
• Uneven heating of Earth’s surface by the
sun causes differences in ____
__________, which create winds.
• The ________, __________,
____________, and __________
________ of winds affect the climate and
weather.
How do Earth’s features affect climate?
• Surface features on Earth combine to form
the _____________ of an area.
• __________ is the height of an area
above sea level.
• _____________ influences wind patterns
in an area.
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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
• A ______ ___________ happens when
warm, moist air rises over a mountain and
drops its precipitation on one side, leaving
the other side ______.
• Air at higher elevations ______, cools,
and ________, resulting in lower
_______________.
How do large bodies of water affect
climate?
• ______ absorbs and releases energy as
heat more slowly than ________ does.
• Water can moderate ____________ of
nearby land.
• Locations inland from large bodies of
_______ experience wider temperature
___________.
How do ocean currents affect climate?
• An ________ __________ is the
movement of water in a certain direction.
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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
• ________ _________ are ocean currents
on the surface of the ocean.
• _______ currents cool the air in coastal
areas.
• ________ currents warm the air in coastal
areas.
• Ocean currents cause the coasts of
Canada and Great Britain to have different
_________.
What are the three major climate zones?
• Earth has three major climate zones:
_________, ___________, and _______.
• These different climates result from
differences in topography, ______, ocean
currents, and _______________.
• Temperate climates have average
temperatures below _____ °C in the
coldest months and above
______ °C in the warmest months.
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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
• There are five temperate zone
subclimates: marine _______ coast,
_________, humid ___________, humid
___________, and M_____________.
• The polar zone is located at latitudes
greater than 66.5 degrees in both the
___________ and ___________
hemispheres.
• Temperatures in the polar zone rarely rise
above ___ °C.
• The climates of the polar regions are
called _______ _______. Subclimates
include the subarctic, _______, and polar
ice cap climates.
• _________ _______ are characterized by
high temperatures and are located near
the equator.
• Average monthly temperatures are at
least ____ °C.
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Unit 5 Lesson 6 Climate
• Subclimates include the _____
_________, desert climates, and
_________ climates.
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