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Vocabulary Collectors
Welcome!
This slide presentation will
teach you how to create a
successful list of antonyms
& synonyms based on one of
the vocabulary words you
have collected for the week.
It will also provide the criteria
for you to be able to receive
full credit for your list of
antonyms & synonyms.
I’ve never actually taught
Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two
Cities, but I always use its
opening paragraph as a
mentor text for teaching
antonyms and how to fix
comma splices. I have also
used it to inspire an original
type of poetry for my
students’ writer’s notebooks:
opposite poems.
Click here for my lesson on antonyms and
comma splices. Click here for my writer’s
notebook page on opposite poems.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
You should know these two fancy words already, right?
antonym (noun) — a word or phrase
synonym (noun) — a word or phrase
that means nearly the exact same
thing as another word or phrase.
that nearly or exactly means the
opposite as another word or phrase.
adjective form: synonymous
adjective form: antonymous
Greek Roots: syn (“with”) + onym
(“name”)
Greek Roots: anti (“against”) +
onym (“name”)
Related words:
Related words:
•
•
•
•
synchronous = “with” + “time,” as in
synchronous swimming.
syndrome = “with” + “running,” as in
irritable bowel syndrome (a symptom)
synopsis = “with” + “view,” as in a brief
synopsis of a movie or novel.
•
•
pseudonym = “false” + “name,” as in
writing using a pseudonym.
homonym = “same” + “name,” as in two,
to, and too are homonyms.
cryptonym = “hidden” + “name,” as in
the CIA uses cryptonyms or code names.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
When you choose the synonym/antonym activity, I expect to see brain work!
synonym (noun) — a word or phrase
that means nearly the exact same
thing as another word or phrase.
adjective form: synonymous
Greek Roots: syn (“with”) + onym
(“name”)
Related words:
•
•
•
synchronous = “with” + “time,” as in
synchronous swimming.
syndrome = “with” + “running,” as in
irritable bowel syndrome (a symptom)
synopsis = “with” + “view,” as in a brief
synopsis of a movie or novel.
Please note it reads word or phrase. What
does that mean? How big can a phrase be?
A phrase should be two or three words that
work together, and…
…you won’t often
find phrases in
the thesaurus.
So, let’s say you
find a word like
Nathan did with cumbersome. Would
chugging along be a synonymous or
antonymous phrase for this word? Discuss!
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
When you choose the synonym/antonym activity, I expect to see brain work!
synonym (noun) — a word or phrase
that means nearly the exact same
thing as another word or phrase.
Please note it reads word or phrase. What
does that mean? How big can a phrase be?
this as your lesson with this example:
adjective form:Learn
synonymous
A phrase can
two thesaurus!
or three words that work
Don’t become too dependent
onbethe
together, and…
Greek Roots: syn (“with”) + onym
(“name”)
won’t
often and synonym list, and
I expect to see both words and phrases …you
in your
antonym
find phrases
in come from your brain.
most
thesauruses only have words. Phrases
must
Related
words:
•
•
•
the thesaurus.
THINK! THINK!
THINK!
Prove
synchronous
= “with”
+ “time,”
as inyou understand the word by creating phrases!
synchronous swimming.
So, let’s say you
syndrome = “with” + “running,” as in
find a word like
irritable bowel syndrome (a symptom)
Nathan did with cumbersome. Would
synopsis = “with” + “view,” as in a brief
chugging along be a synonymous or
synopsis of a movie or novel.
antonymous phrase for this word? Discuss!
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Let’s talk about learning your parts of speech now…
antonym (noun) — a word or phrase
If the vocabulary word you find is a noun,
all antonyms and synonyms must be nouns
too! You will need to check carefully.
That said, Alex has
two words in her
list for the verb
speculate that
break this rule.
Work with a
partner to find
the two “bad”
words. What
might she have
used instead?
that nearly or exactly means the
opposite as another word or phrase.
adjective form: antonymous
Greek Roots: anti (“against”) +
onym (“name”)
Related words:
•
•
•
pseudonym = “false” + “name,” as in
writing under a pseudonym.
homonym = “same” + “name,” as in two,
to, and too are homonyms.
cryptonym = “hidden” + “name,” as in
the CIA uses cryptonyms or code names.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
A final rule for collecting antonyms & synonyms:
1¢ words 5¢ words
the
a/an
was
and
we
I
in
of
or
you
big
nice
fun
funny
horse
sad
eat
build
win
kitten
10¢ words
25¢ words
50¢ words
terrible
pleasurable
experienced
distasteful
harmony
beautiful
miracle
flashy
convince
expensive
condescend
perilous
ensconce
omnivore
cynicism
subjugate
cacophony
pivotal
droll
garish
quadrupole
advection
katabatic
legerdemain
bursary
pusillanimous
lutraphobia
progeria
isotropic
roorback
Do you remember the difference between the following words when we categorize them
this way? Remember, you’re supposed to be collecting 25-cent words from your readings. I
expect all antonyms and synonyms you collect to be 10-cent or 25-cent words, understand?
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
A final rule for collecting antonyms & synonyms:
10¢ words
25¢ words
terrible
pleasurable
experienced
distasteful
harmony
beautiful
miracle
flashy
convince
expensive
condescend
perilous
ensconce
omnivore
cynicism
subjugate
cacophony
pivotal
droll
garish
How did Mark do then? Which words (if any)
need to be pushed up to the next level? What
might you substitute in place of any 5-cent
words Mark has included here? Give Mark good advice.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
A final rule for collecting antonyms & synonyms:
10¢ words
25¢ words
terrible
pleasurable
experienced
distasteful
harmony
beautiful
miracle
flashy
convince
expensive
condescend
perilous
ensconce
omnivore
cynicism
subjugate
cacophony
pivotal
droll
garish
How did Joseph do? Which words (if any)
need to be pushed up to the next level? Does
Joseph have more 10-cent or 25-cent synonyms
and antonyms in his synonym/antonym list?
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Antonyms and Synonyms Vocabulary Rubric:
4 points
3 points
2 points
1 point
The list of words
does all of these:
The list of words
does three of these:
The list of words
does two of these:
The list of words
does one of these:
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
Click here for a printable version of this rubric for your students.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Antonyms and Synonyms Rubric:
4 points
3 points
The representation
does all of these:
The representation
does three of these:
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
What—if anything– kept Jacie from
earning a perfect 4 here?
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Antonyms and Synonyms Rubric:
4 points
3 points
The representation
does all of these:
The representation
does three of these:
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
What—if anything– kept Patrick from
earning a perfect 4 here?
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Antonyms and Synonyms Rubric:
4 points
3 points
The representation
does all of these:
The representation
does three of these:
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
What—if anything– kept Alejandra
from earning a perfect 4 here?
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Don’t choose antonyms and synonyms because it sounds easy. I expect to see work!
synonym (noun) — a word or phrase
antonym (noun) — a word or phrase
that means nearly the exact same
thing as another word or phrase.
that nearly or exactly means the
opposite as another word or phrase.
adjective form: synonymous
adjective form: antonymous
Greek Roots: syn (“with”) + onym
(“name”)
Greek Roots: anti (“against”) +
onym (“name”)
Related words:
Related words:
•
•
•
•
synchronous = “with” + “time,” as in
synchronous swimming.
syndrome = “with” + “running,” as in
irritable bowel syndrome (a symptom)
synopsis = “with” + “view,” as in a brief
synopsis of a movie or novel.
•
•
pseudonym = “false” + “name,” as in
writing using a pseudonym.
homonym = “same” + “name,” as in two,
to, and too are homonyms.
cryptonym = “hidden” + “name,” as in
the CIA uses cryptonyms or code names.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
excerpt from My Antonia
by Willa Cather (1873-1947)
Book I: The Shimerdas
I first heard Antonia on what seemed to me an
interminable journey across the great midland plain
of North America. I was ten years old then; I had lost
both my father and mother within a year, and my
Virginia relatives were sending me out to my
grandparents, who lived in Nebraska. I travelled in
the care of a mountain boy, Jake Marpole, one of the
'hands' on my father's old farm under the Blue
Ridge, who was now going West to work for my
grandfather. Jake's experience of the world was not
much wider than mine. He had never been in a
railway train until the morning when we set out
together to try our fortunes in a new world.
(excerpt continues on printable version)
This is an optional extra mentor
text analysis task for teachers using
this PowerPoint lesson. Click here
for a printable version of the entire
excerpt from My Antonia.
Analyze Cather’s use of verbs in this
excerpt. Does she show more,
using action verbs, or does she tell
more, using linking verbs?
What’s her best use of an action
verb in this excerpt?
Choose two 25-cent vocabulary
words from this excerpt—one for
you and one for your partner. Help
each other create an antonym &
synonym list that would earn four
points on the rubric. Show depth!
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
Antonyms and Synonyms Vocabulary Rubric:
4 points
3 points
2 points
1 point
The representation
does all of these:
The representation
does three of these:
The representation
does two of these:
The representation
does one of these:
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all
spelled correctly.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all the
same part of speech.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are all 10or 25-cent words.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
•
The antonyms and
synonyms are
presented in a neat
and colorful way.
You can never check your rubric too many times before starting work.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
Vocabulary Collectors
And don’t forget there’s a
lesson online that has
students learn a few
punctuation rules while
examining Charles Dickens’ use
of antonyms to establish a
sentence rhythm.
Thanks for watching.
Collect vocabulary to better
your future. People like you if
you have a good vocabulary.
I’ve never actually taught
Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two
Cities, but I always use its
opening paragraph as a
mentor text for teaching
antonyms and how to fix
comma splices. I have also
used it to inspire an original
type of poetry for my
students’ writer’s notebooks:
opposite poems.
Click here for my lesson on antonyms and
comma splices. Click here for my writer’s
notebook page on opposite poems.
Meaningful writing activity = antonyms & synonyms
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