Name_________________________ Mr. Amandola / Mrs. Bongiovanni Chapter 10 Matching I. A. Capitalists B. Spinning Jenny C. Corduroy Roads D. Cotton Gin E. Turnpikes 1. ______________ allowed a worker to spin several threads at once. 2. ______________ were people with capitol or money to invest in business to make a profit. 3. ______________ allowed for faster cleaning of cotton. 4. ______________ were roads in which drivers had to pay a toll. 5. ______________ were roads created in swampy areas. These roads were lined with logs that prevented wagons from sinking into the mud. Matching II. A. Eli Whitney B. Samuel Slater C. Francis Cabot Lowell D. Dewitt Clinton E. Robert Fulton 6. 7. 8. 9. ______________ created the first American mill. ______________ Governor of New York when Erie Canal was completed. ______________ Inventor of the cotton gin and interchangeable parts. ______________ launched a steamboat named the Clermont on the Hudson River. 10. ______________ combined spinning and weaving in a Massachusetts textile mill. Matching III. A. Protective Tariff B. Dumping C. Monroe Doctrine D. Urbanization E. Primary Source 11. ______________ Practice of selling goods in another country at very low prices. 12. ______________ Movement of people from farms to cities. 13. ______________ Original document. 14. ______________ Tax meant to protect a country’s industries from foreign competition. 15. ______________ Foreign policy statement warning European nations not to interfere with the newly independent nations of Latin America. 16. Which was a result of the construction of the Erie Canal? a. increased trade through New York City c. Dutch patroon system collapsed b. New York State faced financial ruin d. elimination of cities along the canal route 17. In an outline, one of these is the main topic. The others are sub-topics. Which is the main topic? a. Building of the Erie Canal b. Opening of Turnpikes c. Invention of the Steamboat d. Transportation Revolution 18. A major reason for issuing the Monroe Doctrine was to a. halt the slave trade from Africa to the United States b. prevent European involvement in the Western Hemisphere c. keep the United States from going to war with Mexico d. protect American sailors on the high seas 19. Which of the following was an important advance in the technology of transportation was created in 1807, cutting the cost of transporting materials between the eastern and western waterways? a. railroad b. steamboat c. automobile d. airplane 20. Improved transportation through turnpikes and canals, in the early 19th century, greatly increased the flow of settlers into which section of the country? a. southern b. eastern c. western d. northern 21. During the 1840s and 1850s, many Americans began to move from a. cities to farms b. small towns to the wilderness c. farms to cities d. the wilderness to small towns 22. Who developed the first American factory? a. Eli Whitney b. Samuel Slater c. Francis Lowell d. Robert Fulton 23. The primary goal of manifest destiny was the a. abolition of slavery in territories held by the United States b. removal of European influence from South America c. expansion of the United States westward to the Pacific Ocean d. secession of the Southern States from the Union Base your answers to questions 24-25 on the circle graph. 24. At which job did most Americans work in 1840? a. farming c. trading b. manufacturing d. shipping 25. Based on the circle graph, which statement is most accurate? a. Manufacturing was the major occupation in the South. b. In the North, most people were employed in trading. c. Occupations such as shipping and craftsmanship dominated the South. d. A larger percentage of people worked in manufacturing in the North than in the South or West. 26. ________________ brought English textile machinery designs to the U.S.A. a. Eli Whitney b. Samuel Slater c. John Adams d. Thomas Jefferson 27. ________________ is the country where the Industrial Revolution began. a) Russia b) England c) Spain d) Germany 28. ______________________ did not increase after the Industrial Revolution. a) Factories b) Production of goods c) Population of farms d) Environmental pollution 29. The region of ______________________, in the U.S.A, was where industrialization was first concentrated. a) the Southern States b) the Pacific Northwest c) New England d) California 30. ___________________ was not improved by the use of steam engines in the 19th century. a) Transportation b) Farming c) Air quality d) Manufacturing 31. Which of the following was a reason why factory owners preferred to hire women? a. They could be paid less c. They did not have to provide them housing b. They worked harder d. They knew how to fix the machines Answer questions 32-33 based on the picture of the Erie Canal. If you answer true, fill in A. if you choose false, fill in B. 32. True or False, Canal boats were generally powered by steam engines. 33. True or False, the Erie Canal passed through towns between Albany and Buffalo. Base your answers to questions 34-35 on the pictures above and your knowledge of Social Studies If you answer true, fill in A. if you choose false, fill in B. 34. True or False, people were able to travel and ship goods along the Erie Canal year round. 35. True or False, Goods were able to be shipped by train year round. 36. The Iroquois, Navajo and Apache would most likely be topics discussed in an essay dealing with a. b. c. d. economic conditions in America European explorers Native American tribes European religions 37. The emergence of "New England," "New France," "New Spain," and "New Netherlands" in the Americas shows the a. b. c. d. limits of political power in Europe spread of Native American Indian empires influence of European settlement in North and South America expansion of European power in Asia 38. People who study physical artifacts, such as bones, pots, baskets and buildings, to learn about the activities of people from past civilizations are called a. b. c. d. historians archaeologists librarians teachers 39. What is the name of the document that provided order and security in the new land for the Pilgrims? a. b. c. d. Mayflower Compact Constitution Bill of Rights Navigation Act 40. William Penn of Pennsylvania granted this to every settler who came to that colony. a. b. c. d. a job a farm church membership freedom of religion 41. "Taxation without representation" was a response by the colonists to a. b. c. d. sharing tax monies with Native American Indian tribes a provision in the Treaty of Paris of 1783 British economic policies towards the colonies the formation of the Iroquois Confederacy 42. Which group of events is in correct chronological order? 1. 2. 3. 4. War of 1812, ratification of the Constitution, Albany Plan of Union Albany Plan of Union, Stamp Act, Mayflower Compact Stamp Act, Civil War, Boston Tea Party Mayflower Compact, Albany Plan of Union, War of 1812 43. Which event led to the other three? 1. 2. 3. 4. issuance of the Declaration of Independence meeting of the First Continental Congress the Boston Tea Party new British tax policies after the French and Indian War 44. According to the Declaration of Independence, a government's power comes from the 1. 2. 3. 4. states people U.S. Constitution laws passed by Congress Matching IV. a. Federalist b. Constitution c. Sedition Act 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. d. Irrigate e. Altitude Farmers sometimes need to ________, or bring water to, the land in dry climates. The ____________, or height above sea level in Colorado is very high. The _____________ party. Is the political party started by Alexander Hamilton? Is a written plan for government, _______________________? The ______________________ was a law that allowed for citizens to be fined or jailed for criticizing public officials.