Download Lektion 7A.1: Separable and inseparable prefix verbs (Präteritum)

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LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
Startblock Both separable and inseparable prefix verbs
can be used in the Präteritum to describe past events.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
3A.1-1
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
• In the Präteritum, just like the Präsens, some prefixes
are always attached to the verb, and others can be
separated from it. When using a separable prefix verb in
the Präteritum, move the prefix to the end of the sentence
or clause.
Jan verbrachte den Sommer in
Einmal brachten wir unseren
der Schweiz.
Hund zur Schule mit.
Jan spent the summer in Switzerland. Once we brought our dog to school.
Der Lehrer erklärte die Aufgabe.
The teacher explained the
assignment.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Jans Schwester rief ihn zu
seinem Geburtstag an.
Jan’s sister called him on his
birthday.
3A.1-2
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
• You learned in 2B.2 that verbs with prefixes can be either
strong, weak, or mixed. The Präteritum of a verb with a
prefix is the same as the Präteritum of its base verb, but
with the prefix added to the front of the conjugated verb, if it
is inseparable, or to the end of the clause, if it is separable.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
3A.1-3
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
3A.1-4
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
Ich erkannte meine Tante
nicht auf dem alten Foto.
I didn’t recognize my aunt in
the old photo.
Wir sahen als Kinder immer am
Samstagmorgen fern.
When we were kids, we always
watched TV on Saturday mornings.
Wer erfand das Internet?
Who invented the Internet?
Die Lehrerin schaute das Kind an.
The teacher looked at the child.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
3A.1-5
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
• Remember that the prefix of a separable prefix verb is
always stressed, while the prefix of an inseparable prefix
verb is never stressed.
Als wir am Freitag ausgingen,
regnete es noch nicht.
When we went out on Friday, it
wasn’t raining yet.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Wir bestellten zwei Pizzas
zum Abendessen.
We ordered two pizzas for dinner.
3A.1-6
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
• In a negative sentence, put nicht before the separable
prefix.
Ute rief mich gestern
nicht an.
Ute didn’t call me yesterday.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Die Kinder räumten ihre Sachen
nicht auf.
The kids didn’t pick up their things.
3A.1-7
LEKTION 3A
3A.1
Strukturen
Separable and inseparable
prefix verbs (Präteritum)
• When you talk about past events using a modal and a verb
with a prefix, put the modal verb in the Präteritum. The
prefixed verb goes at the end of the sentence in the
infinitive form.
Frau Müller musste den kaputten
Regenschirm umtauschen.
Mrs. Müller had to exchange the
broken umbrella.
© 2014 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Frank wollte sein altes
Fahrrad verkaufen.
Frank wanted to sell his
old bicycle.
3A.1-8