Download gerunds and infinitives

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Gerund is the –ing form of a verb used as a
 To form gerunds, use
the base form + ing
Example : I enjoy learning English
To form negative gerunds, use
not + gerund
Example : Not speaking English well is my
biggest problem in this country
Traveling might satisfy your
desire for new experiences.
2. Gerunds used as objects
Example : They do not appreciate my
3. Gerund as object of preposition
Example : He’s excited about playing
By + gerund
Example : You get good grades by
studying hard.
Go + gerund
Example : I will go fishing with you
 Infinitives
is to + the simple form of a verb.
To form infinitives use
to + base form of the verb
Example : I want to dance.
To form negative infinitives use
Not + infinitive
Example : He decided not to go to the
Infinitives in the subject position
Example : To live in the United States is
my dream.
2. Infinitive of purpose
Example : I came here in order to learn.
Too + adjective or adverb + infinitive
Example : She is too young to vote.
Adjective or adverb + enough + infinitive
Example : They are old enough to vote.
Gerunds often follow verbs that indicate that
an action is happening or has happened.
The action expressed by the verb comes at
the same time or after the action expressed
by the gerund.
Example : We enjoy going to concerts.
Infinitives often follow verbs that indicate
that an action will or could happen.
The action expressed by the verb
comes before the action expressed by
the infinitive.
Example : We hope to go to the
Verbs that are followed by a noun
phrase + infinitive can also be followed
by a gerund.
The gerund makes it general and the
infinitive make specific the person
Example :
1. They allow smoking in this building.
They allowed me to smoke in this
2. I like cooking.
I like to cook.
3. She started losing weight
She started to lose weight.
When a specific performer of the gerund
action needs to be indicated, a possessive
noun or a possessive determiner is used.
Example :
I really appreciate Karen’s/her writing that
letter for me.
Peter’s/his coming late really annoys me.
When an infinitive functions as a subject,
any stated subject of the infinitive should
be preceded by for. If a pronoun follows
for, it must be in object form.
When the subject of a gerund is stated, it
takes the possessive form.
Example :
1. For people to see is a wonderful gift.
2. Her desire was for them to take a trip
around the world
3. They hoped for her to be able to
attend the concert
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