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1. Which European nation profited most
from trade with the East in the years
directly following the crusades?
B. France
C. Italy
2. How did Italy’s location help it become the
birthplace of the Renaissance?
A. The bubonic plague had not reached the
southern tip of Europe
B. Italy had access to the classical heritage of
Greece and Rome
C. Italy was isolated from the rest of Europe by
the Alps
D. There was an abundance of agricultural crops
3. The intellectual and cultural movement
known as humanism focused on the
study of
A.Original Christian writings
B. Human achievement and potential
C. Roman law and government
D.Medieval scholarship
4. What does the word “Renaissance”
B. Achievement
C. Art
5. During the Renaissance society
began focusing more on _?_ and
less on the spiritual.
canon law
missionary work
the secular
Renaissance Arts
SSWH9 The student will analyze change and
continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation.
Why Florence?
Who were Machiavelli, Leonardo Da Vinci and
What is humanism?
EQ: In what ways did art change during the
I. Renaissance Men
A. Renaissance writers introduced the
idea that educated people were
expected strive to master almost every
area of study.
B. A man who excelled in many fields was
praised as a “universal man.” Later
ages called such people “Renaissance
II. Literature
A. Many authors choose to abandon the
use of Latin in literature and focused
on the local vernacular to write their
B. In the 14th century Dante Alighieri
and Geoffrey Chaucer helped make
vernacular language more popular.
1. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri
Guide was Roman classical poet Virgil
Greco-Roman themes & writing in the vernacular
2. The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
One of the first major works in literature written in the
English language
C. Francesco Petrarch
1. “Father of Humanism”
2. Explored the glories and personal
achievements of man
3. Emphasized secular not religious
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to your paper.
6. Humanism was an intellectual movement that
focused on all of the following EXCEPT:
A. The study of the classics
B. Humanity as the center of intellectual and
artistic endeavor
C. Emphasis of human potential and
D. Monasticism and religious studies
7. For what is the Medici family famous?
A. For being artists
B. For being writers
C. For begin rulers and supporters of the
D. For being religious reformers
8. The Medici were
1. A banking family in the city of
2. A trading family in the city of Milan
3. An aristocratic family in the city of
4. A religious family in the city of Rome
9. What is an artistic technique that creates
the appearance of three dimensions on a
flat surface?
B. Perspective
C. Secular
10.This is the term for the native language
or everyday language of a people (NOT
B. Perspective
C. Secular
III. Education in the Renaissance
A. The Renaissance saw the
development of printing in
B. Johannes Gutenberg’s printing
press played a major role in the
advancement of education
during the Era.
C. The printing of books
encouraged scholarly research
and the desire to gain knowledge.
IV. Art and Architecture
A. Stressed more secular subjects in
literature & art
B. More realistic portrayals of people
& nature
C. Painting turned to realism from
medieval formalism and stiffness
D. Led by painter Giotto
1. New Techniques
2. Perspective
3. New colors
4. Oil paints (more luster to
5. Return to Greco-Roman styles
E. Leonardo da Vinci
1. Personified the ideal “Renaissance
2. Not only a jack-of-all-trades, but
also a master of many
3. Military engineer, anatomist,
4. Self-taught
F. Raphael
1. Famous for his many paintings of
the Madonna
2. Fresco The School of Athens
3. Depicts Plato and Aristotle
surrounded by philosophy and
G. Michelangelo
1. 4 different popes commissioned
works by him
2. Sistine Chapel commissioned by
Pope Julius II
a. 10,000 square feet, 343 figures
(1/2 of which are 10 feet in
b. Took 4 years to complete
3. David
a. 18 feet tall
b. Perfect example of the Renaissance artists’
devotion to harmony, symmetry, and
V. Architecture
A. Gothic Style gave way to Greco-Roman
style incorporating domes & columns
B. Brunelleschi
C. Florence Cathedral considered pinnacle of
Renaissance architecture
D. Modified a design to support the
expansive weight of the dome
VI. Patronage
A. Patrons
1. Wealthy and educated merchants
2. Commissioned art & sponsored cultural
B. Cosimo de Medici and his son Lorenzo
were the greatest of all patrons
C. Church also source of commissions
1. Papacy launched a building program
culminating in St. Peter’s Basilica
VII. Renaissance and Politics
A. Niccolo Machiavelli
1. Wrote the book, The Prince, on political
2. Emphasized realistic discussions of how to
seize and maintain power
3. Concerned with being politically effective
rather than morally right.