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Pathways to Harmony
Chapter 1
The keyboard and treble clef
1.3 Simple Rhythms and
Stem Direction
G DeBenedetti
www.gmajormusictheory.org
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Beats and Rhythms
• A beat is a steady pulse which underlies the music. When
you tap your foot to the music, you usually tap the beat.
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Beats and Rhythms
• A beat is a steady pulse which underlies the music. When
you tap your foot to the music, you usually tap the beat.
• A beat is usually about as fast as your heart rate, or
walking speed.
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Beats and Rhythms
• A beat is a steady pulse which underlies the music. When
you tap your foot to the music, you usually tap the beat.
• A beat is usually about as fast as your heart rate, or
walking speed.
• While beats are steady, rhythms usually have a variety of
durations.
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Beats and Rhythms
• A beat is a steady pulse which underlies the music. When
you tap your foot to the music, you usually tap the beat.
• A beat is usually about as fast as your heart rate, or
walking speed.
• While beats are steady, rhythms usually have a variety of
durations.
• Listen to an underlying beat, and then a rhythm which is
“on top of” that beat
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Notating Simple Rhythms
• Open note-heads, , are usually four beats long. They are
called whole notes.
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Notating Simple Rhythms
• Open note-heads, , are usually four beats long. They are
called whole notes.
• Stems are vertical lines which are frequently attached to
the note-heads.
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Notating Simple Rhythms
• Open note-heads, , are usually four beats long. They are
called whole notes.
• Stems are vertical lines which are frequently attached to
the note-heads.
• Open note-heads with stems,
, are usually two beats
long. They are half as long as whole notes, so they are
called half notes.
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Notating Simple Rhythms
• Open note-heads, , are usually four beats long. They are
called whole notes.
• Stems are vertical lines which are frequently attached to
the note-heads.
• Open note-heads with stems,
, are usually two beats
long. They are half as long as whole notes, so they are
called half notes.
• Filled in note-heads with stems,
, are usually one beat
long. They are one quarter as long as whole notes, so
they are called quarter notes. Listen to 4 quarter notes.
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Stem direction
• The first phrase of “Jingle Bells” is notated above
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Stem direction
• The first phrase of “Jingle Bells” is notated above
• If a note-head is on the middle line or higher, the stem is
on the left of the note-head. This stem goes down.
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Stem direction
• The first phrase of “Jingle Bells” is notated above
• If a note-head is on the middle line or higher, the stem is
on the left of the note-head. This stem goes down.
• If a note-head is on the second space or lower, the stem is
on the right of the note-head. This stem goes up. See the
above staff.
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Your Turn
• DOWNDLOAD (if you have not already done so) Chapter
One of Pathways to Harmony from this website:
http://www.gmajormusictheory.org/Fundamentals/workbooks.html
• DO worksheets 1.7 yo 1.9