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History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 1
Ⅰ. The Meaning of the Renaissance
Source A
The timeline of the Renaissance
476 AD
1492 AD
(Western Roman Empire fell)
Ancient times
Middle Ages
(Discovery of the New World)
Modern times
1.
Try to highlight the period of Renaissance with a red pen on the timeline
(1300-1600 A.D.).
2.
The word “Renaissance” is derived from French. What’s its original meaning?
During the Renaissance period in Europe, which period of culture was
promoted?
The original meaning of “Renaissance” is “recovery” or “regeneration”.
Renaissance is the recovery of ancient Greco-Roman culture. It is not
only retro, but also innovative.
3.
Finish the timeline and analyze the significance of the Renaissance to the
culture development in Europe.
Renaissance marks the end of the Middle Ages and the transition to the
modern times. It has a significance of linking the past and the future.
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 2
Source B
Comparison of human portrait drawings in the Middle Ages and the
Renaissance
Picture A
1.
Picture B
According to Source B, which picture is drawn in the Middle Ages? And which
one is drawn in Renaissance? Try to list your evidence and explain.
Picture A is drawn in the Middle Ages and Picture B is drawn in
Renaissance.
Because Picture B is accurate in body proportion, which matches the
feature of Renaissance.
2. From the human portrait drawn in the Renaissance, which thinking influenced
people at that time? What influence does it have on the development of
Renaissance?
At that time, people were influenced by humanism.
Artists began to focus on “human” and respect human’s value. Renaissance
artists liked to paint and write about human affairs , and not just about religion.
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 3
Humanism influenced Europe’s art, literature, science, medicine and
architecture during 1300-1600.
Ⅱ. The Causes of the Development of Renaissance
Look at the following information carefully and answer the questions.
Source A
The picture describing the situation in Florence, Italy during Renaissance
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 4
1. Try to list the name of different social classes in the picture.
Merchant, priests, city landlord, Medici family, artist, architect, lawyer
2. Try to list the name of different buildings. Which period of style is the architectural
design based on?
Square, landlord’s palace, conference gallery. They are based on the
architectural features of ancient Greece and Rome.
3. Can the above material fully explain the causes of the Renaissance? Analyze the
causes according to the material and your knowledge.
Level 1: Yes. With the development of economy and trade, merchants
bought city autonomy rights from the king, which led to the breakdown of
feudalism.
Led by merchants like Medici family, Florence was prosperous as never
before. Citizens lived a rich life and promoted cultural activities actively.
So, artists, architects and scientists were valued.
Level 2: No. (Students answering No perform better.) The source mainly
reflected how economic development and autonomous city rising caused
the Renaissance. It didn’t reflect other factors that caused Renaissance:
the influence of churches was weakened; feudalism declined and
Gutenberg invented typography.
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 5
Ⅲ. Achievements of the Renaissance
Source A
Picture C
Comparison of drawings in the Middle
Ages and the Renaissance
Picture A
Picture B
“The Creation of Man 1511-12”, “Fragment of the
Sistine Chapel Ceiling” drawn by Michelangelo)
Picture D
“Mona Lisa” drawn by
Leonardo de Vinci
1.
According to the above materials, which picture is drawn in the Middle Ages?
Which one is drawn in Renaissance?
Painting drawn in the Middle Ages: Picture B
Painting drawn in the Renaissance: Picture A, Picture C and Picture D
Compare the differences of the paintings drawn in the Middle Ages and
Renaissance in terms of the following aspects.
The Middle Ages
The Renaissance
Appearance Serious and rigid
Vivid/lively/elegant/strong
Drawing Expressed by plane method
Expressed by
method /abstraction
3-dimensional/realism
Material Focused on religious affairs
Focused on human affairs
selection
2.
Idea toward Paid no attention to human's value. Human-oriented world view
humans
Religion dominated the society
respected human’s value
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Source B
typographic press
Timetable of important events in the Renaissance
The
Middle
Ages
1265 ---Dante was born
1350 ---The renaissance began in city-states in
Italy
1377 ---Brwnelle-schi was born
1438 ---Gutenberg invented typographic printing press
1452 ---Leonardo da Vinci was born
1453 ---Constantinople fell, causing many scholars to escape to Italy
Modern
Times
1473 ---Copernicus was born
1474 ---Michelangelo was born
1483 ---Raphael was born
1492 ---Discovered the New World
1547 ---Cervantes was born
1564 ---Galileo and William Shakespeare were born
Page 6
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 7
The Renaissance has abundant contents. It has huge changes in the aspects of art,
literature, science and architecture. Choose the figure you are most familiar with
from the above materials. Fill them in the proper blanks and introduce their important
works.
Important figure “famous work”
Art
Science
Leonardo da
Vinci
Mona Lisa],
[The Last
Supper]
Copernicus
[Solarism]
Literature
Architecture
Michelangelo
[The Palestrina
Pieta, Moses]
Galileo
[invented
telescope]
Cervantes
[Don Quijote]
/
Raphael
[Sistine
Madonna]
/
Shakespeare
[Romeo and
Juliet]、
[The Merchant of
Venice]
/
Dante
Brwnelle-schi
[La
[Florence Cathedral]
Divina Commodia]
History & Culture S2 Worksheet
Topic 2 Decline of Oriental Empire and Step of the West to Modern Times
【Mid-14th Century to Mid-19th Century】──
Step of the West to Modern Times – Renaissance (Teacher’s Copy)
Name:
Class:
(
)
Day
Month
Year
Page 8
Ⅳ. Influence of the Renaissance
Source A
The influence of Renaissance on Europe
1300 AD
1400 AD
1500 AD
1600 AD
Renaissance
1700 AD
1800 AD
Enlightenment
The great geographical discovery
Religious reform
1.
With reference to Source A, analyze the important influence of Renaissance
on Europe.
i) Advocated new thoughts and broke the constraint on thoughts in the
Middle Ages;
ii) Weakened the authorities of the Roman Catholic Church and
promoted the religious reform;
iii) Paid attention to human’s value, encouraged people to progress and
led to the great geographic discovery;
iv) Respected people’s natural rights, criticized unreasonable systems
and led to the Enlightenment in Europe.
2.
What important impact does the Renaissance have on our lives today? Try to
find out evidence in our daily lives and explain.
Introduction in words: (Students may answer freely).