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TRANSMISSION SERVICES
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
CONSTRUCTION OF THE 765 / 400 kV KAPPA SUBSTATION AND
LOOP-IN AND LOOP-OUT 400kV TRANSMISSION LINES
Prepared By:
July 2009
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
1
2
3
4
INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................... 1
LEGAL CONTEXT .................................................................................... 1
PROJECT SCOPE .................................................................................... 3
PURPOSE OF THE EMP .......................................................................... 4
4.1
4.2
5
Substation Specifications ................................................................... 9
Loop-in and Loop-out power line Specifications ............................... 10
Major Activities of the Project ........................................................... 11
ENVIRONMENTAL SENSITIVITIES....................................................... 13
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT MEASURES ................................ 14
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
10
11
12
13
Responsibility Matrix .......................................................................... 7
Responsibilities .................................................................................. 7
ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORISATION .................................................... 9
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................. 9
7.1
7.2
7.3
8
9
Objectives of the EMP ....................................................................... 5
Eskom and Contractor Commitment .................................................. 6
REPORTING STRUCTURE ...................................................................... 6
5.1
5.2
6
7
PAGE
Objectives of the Specific Environmental Measures ......................... 15
Pre-construction / Planning Phase ................................................... 19
Construction Phase ......................................................................... 31
Operational Phase ........................................................................... 57
Decommissioning and Rehabilitation Phase .................................... 60
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS DURING CONSTRUCTION ................... 70
SCHEDULING OF MANAGEMENT MEASURES ................................. 70
SITE DOCUMENTATION / MONITORING / REPORTING .................... 71
CONTACT DETAILS ............................................................................... 75
13.1
13.2
13.3
Environmental Contact Persons....................................................... 75
Emergency Numbers ....................................................................... 75
Oil Spill Contact Numbers ................................................................ 75
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LIST OF APPENDICES
Appendix A:
Environmental Authorisation from the DEAT
Appendix B:
Eskom Pro Forma
Appendix C:
Substation layout
Appendix D:
Preliminary Profiles
Appendix E:
Transmission Environmental Policy (TPL41-435)
Appendix F:
Transmission Vegetation Management Guideline (TGL41-334)
Appendix G:
Transmission Line Towers and Line Construction (TRMSCAAC1)
Appendix H:
Transmission Bird Collision Prevention Guideline
Appendix I:
Transmission Waste Handling and Disposal Standard
Appendix J:
Transmission Bio-Remediation Register
Appendix K:
Transmission EMP Procedure Requirement
Appendix L:
Transmission Guideline on Operating and Maintenance of Containment
Structures, Oil Traps and Dams
Appendix M:
Transmission Soil Erosion Assessment Table
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1
INTRODUCTION
The construction of substations can have a major impact on the environment and is regulated by
legislation under the Environmental Conservation Act (ECA), 73 of 1989 and more recently under the
amendments to the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA), 107 of 1998. Numerous risks
require consideration and management intervention during the construction phase of a development
project. The Environmental Management Plan (EMP) serves to highlight and pre-empt those risks by
introducing imperatives for implementation by construction personnel to protect, conserve and sustain
the environment, associated with the construction phase of the project.
The Construction, Operation and Rehabilitation EMP shall be included as part of the construction
contractor’s contract and supplemented to Eskom’s specifications for the contract. Its contents are
enforceable under the general conditions of contract and the contractor must ensure that the tender
price submitted covers all the costs of compliance with it. It is a working document. It will be
implemented throughout the duration of the project and necessarily amended as the responsibility for
environmental management is fulfilled, adapted and amended again.
This EMP has been compiled for the construction of the Kappa Substation as well as the loop in and
loop out transmission power lines between the substation and the existing Droërrivier-Muldersvlei
and Bucchus-Droerrivier lines.
This EMP is compiled in accordance with the Integrated Environmental Management (IEM)
philosophy [Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT), 2004a]. This philosophy
aims to achieve desirable balance between conservation and development (DEAT, 1992).
2
LEGAL CONTEXT
The following must be provided before construction commences:

An EMP for the construction, operational and decommissioning phases of the proposed Kappa
Substation and the loop-in loop-out lines at the Platfontein site;

A signed lease agreement for the area proposed to construct a substation at Platfontein.

Site layout plan indicating the existing infrastructure and services on site;

Potable water supply point;

Electrical supply point;

Sewerage connection point.
A growing awareness of the environment and an increase in the number of environmental laws and
regulations, present company management with a daunting task of monitoring, interpreting and
implementing systems to produce a workable plan to comply with legal requirements.
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The table below was compiled to ensure that the party responsible for construction of the proposed
substation and associated loop-in and loop-out transmission power lines is aware of their legal
responsibilities and liabilities. Complying with these laws and regulations will minimise the risks in
terms of legal, financial (claims) and rehabilitation costs.
Non compliance to environmental law is a criminal offence and if prosecuted, Eskom will be liable
for any environmental damage incurred.
ACT NAME
ACT NO
NOTES/REMARKS
National
Environmental 107 of 1998
Management Act (NEMA)
List of activities and competent authorities
identified in terms of Sections 24 and 24D.
Conservation
of
Agricultural 43 of 1983
Resources Act (CARA)
Control of utilisation and protection of wetlands;
soil conservation; control and prevention of veld
fires; control of weeds and invader plants.
Environment
(ECA)
Controls for the effective protection and
utilisation of the environment, littering, waste
disposal, noise and various other activities,
which may have a detrimental effect on the
environment:
Conservation
Act 73 of 1989
 Waste management
 Application of waste disposal permit
Fencing Act
31 of 1963
Prohibition of damage to a property owner’s
gates and fences:
 Climbing or crawling over or
through fences without permission
 Closing gates
Veld and Forest Fires Act
101 of 1998
Prevention of unauthorised veld and forest fires
Western Cape Nature Conservation 3 of 2000
Laws Amendment Act
Endangered plants and wild animals. Protected
fauna and flora.
Occupational Health and Safety 85 of 1993
Act (OHSA)
Prescribes health and safety measures necessary
to adhere to for all construction workers.
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ACT NAME
National Water Act (NWA)
National
Management:
(NEMWA)
3
ACT NO
NOTES/REMARKS
36 of 1998
All aspects relating to pollution of surface and
ground water.
Environmental 59 of 2009
Waste
Act
Management of waste during construction,
operation and decommissioning of the project to
protect the health and the environment by
providing reasonable measures for the
prevention
of
pollution
and
ecological
degradation and for securing ecologically
sustainable developments.
PROJECT SCOPE
Eskom propose to construct the 765 / 400 kV Kappa Substation to meet both foreseeable and future
electricity demands. The footprint of the substation site is planned to be 1000m x 500m (150 ha) (as
per the EIA). This includes the contractor’s yard and stockpile areas which will be temporary areas.
The proposed site layout is provided in Figure 1 (Appendix C).
Figure 1: Substation layout.
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The local environment is imprinted with features of ecological significance such as drainage lines in
close proximity to the construction site and the site soils, geology and seismic activity have been
given careful consideration. Mitigation measures and buffer zones to prevent and limit environmental
damage are discussed in under the heading ecological sensitivities (Section 8 of this EMP).
Similarly, the construction site itself may hold some archaeological significance and this will require
special care particularly during the excavations of foundations. More detail on this aspect will be
discussed under the heading Archaeology (Section 9).
Site fauna is particularly diverse with game farms in the general vicinity and with riverine habitats,
nearby site personnel will have to be educated on the importance of preserving this resource.
In addition to the requirement of the NEMA and conditions of the DEAT’s Environmental
Authorisation (EA), this document will also be used as a supplementary document to Eskom’s various
guidelines and policies which will eventually form part of the agreement for construction.

Transmission Environmental Policy (TPL41-435) ( Appendix E);

Transmission Vegetation Management Guideline (TGL41-334) ( Appendix F);

Transmission Line Towers and Line Construction (TRMSCAAC1) ( Appendix G);

Transmission Bird Collision Prevention Guideline ( Appendix H);

Transmission Waste Handling and Disposal Standard( Appendix I);

Transmission Bio-Remediation Register( Appendix J);

Transmission EMP Procedure Requirement( Appendix K);

Transmission Guideline on Operating and Maintenance of Containment Structures, Oil Traps and
Dams( Appendix L);; and

Transmission Soil Erosion Assessment Table ( Appendix M).
4
PURPOSE OF THE EMP
This EMP provides the management actions required to reduce environmental impacts generated
during the construction, operation and decommissioning activities of the above mentioned project.
This document serves as the environmental specification to Eskom personnel and outside contractors
with regard to addressing environmental issues identified prior to construction. It is the responsibility
of the Project Manager and Contractor to ensure compliance with all the environmental specifications
in the document as well as the relevant legislation.
This EMP should also ensure the sustainable management (to avoid and/or minimise environmental
damage) of the environment whilst the construction is being undertaken. This EMP must be viewed as
a contract document to which all Eskom employees and outside contractors involved in the proposed
construction must be committed to.
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The primary objectives of the EMP are to:

Describe actions that when implemented will achieve mitigation of environmental impacts, or
result in improved management of activities thereby reducing the probability of impacts
occurring;

Define organisational and administrative arrangements for environmental management and
monitoring of the work contract, including defining the responsibilities of staff and co-ordination,
liaison and reporting procedures;

Ensure that discussions are held with site supervision staff, regarding pro-active environmental
management, such that potential problems can be identified and mitigation measures adopted
prior to rehabilitation work being carried out; and

Define procedures for environmental control, in the event of pollution (spillage) or similar events
requiring action.
Thus the aim of this EMP is to:

Ensure that the team are familiar with the environmental procedures to be followed and comply
with all the recommendations made within it;

Ensure that a list of environmental representatives involved in the project are given to the
construction team;

Ensure that an environmental incident register is implemented and maintained to address
environmental impacts;

Ensure that the mitigatory measures are implemented to avoid and/or minimise the identified
negative environmental impacts and to enhance the positive impact of the project on the
environment; and

Ensure that a monitoring programme is in place that tracks the effectiveness of the implemented
mitigatory measures.
4.1
Objectives of the EMP
The EMP has a long-term objective to ensure that:

Appropriate environmental management measures and requirements are implemented from the
start of the project;

Precautions against damage and claims arising from damage are taken timeously; and

The completion date of the contract is not delayed due to problems with landowners arising
during the course of construction.
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4.2
Eskom and Contractor Commitment
Eskom requires a commitment from the Eskom Project Manager and the Contractor on the following
issues:

To underwrite Eskom Transmission’s Environmental Policy (TPL41-435) at all times (refer to
Appendix E).

Ensure that environmental conditions that are stipulated in the EA are implemented;

Resolve problems and claims arising from damage immediately to ensure a smooth flow of
operations;

To implement this EMP for the benefit of all involved; and

To preserve the natural environment by limiting destructive actions on site.
5
REPORTING STRUCTURE
ECO
CM
PM
EA
EM
DEAT
CECO
ECO:
Environmental Control Officer (Independent Appointment as
per Environmental Authorisation)
CM:
Contract Manager (Eskom)
CECO:
Contractor
person)
PM:
Project Manager (Eskom)
EA:
Environmental Advisor (Eskom)
EM:
Environmental Manager (Eskom)
RA
Relevant Authority (e.g. DEAT)
Environmental
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
Control
Officer
(Dedicated
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5.1
Responsibility Matrix
FUNCTION
NAME / CELL NUMBER
RESPONSIBILITY
Project Manager (PM)
Eskom
Name: Kentridge Makhanya
Overall management of project and EMP
implementation
Cell: 0828799133
Site Supervisor/
Contract Manager
(CM) Eskom
Name:
Environmental Control
Officer (ECO)
Name:
liaison
with
Cell:
Cell:
Contractor (C)
Oversees site works,
Contractor, PM and ECO
Name:
Cell:
Contractor
Environmental Control
Officer (CECO)
Name:
Tx Services
Environmental
Advisor (Eskom)
Name:
Cell:
Implementation of EMP and liaison
between
Eskom,
Contractor
and
Landowners/stakeholders
Implementation and compliance with
recommendations and conditions of the
EMP, Appoints dedicated person (CECO)
to work with ECO
Implementation of EMP, landowner
interaction, environmental control of site
actions, re-mediation and rehabilitation
work.
Environmental advice and auditing
Cell:
5.2
Responsibilities
5.2.1
Project Manager
The primary responsibility of the Project Manager is to ensure that the Contractor complies with the
environmental specifications in this document. In addition the Project Manager shall:

Assume overall responsibility for the effective implementation and administration of the EMP;

Ensure that the EMP is included in the Contractor’s contract;

Ensure that the EMP is given to the applicable Construction Supervisor and the contractors;

In conjunction with the Construction Supervisor; undertake regular inspections of the Contractor’s
site as well as the installation works in order to check for compliance with the EMP in terms of
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the specifications outlined in this document. Inspections shall take place at least once a week and
copies of the monitoring checklist contained in the file (see Appendix B for copy of the audit
inspection proforma);

Keep a register of all incidents (spills, injuries, complaints, legal transgressions, etc) and other
documentation related to the EMP;

Report to the Senior Environmental Advisor (Kentridge Makhanya) any problems (or complaints)
which cannot first be resolved in co-operation with the Contractor(s);

Implement recommendations of possible audits; and

Ensure that construction staff is trained in accordance with requirements of the EMP.
5.2.2
Construction Contractor
The Contractor shall:

Ensure that the environmental specifications of this document (including any revisions, additions
or amendments) are effectively implemented. This includes the on-site implementation of steps to
mitigate environmental impacts;

Discuss implementation of and compliance with this document with staff at routine site meetings;

Preserve the natural environment by limiting any destructive actions on site;

Monitor environmental performance and conformance with the specifications contained in this
document during site inspections;

Report progress towards implementation of and non-conformances with this document at site
meetings with the Project Manager;

Ensure that suitable records are kept and that the appropriate documentation is available to the
Project Manager;

Advise the Project Manager of any incidents or emergencies on site, together with a record of
action taken;

Report and record all accidents and incidents resulting in injury or death;

Take into consideration the legal rights of the individual Landowner, Communities and Eskom
Regional staff;

Ensure quality in all work done, technical and environmental;

Resolve problems and claims arising from damage immediately to ensure a smooth flow of
operations;

Underwrite Eskom's Environmental Policy at all times, and

Use this EMP for the benefit of all involved.
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6
ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORISATION
The construction of a substation and its associated loop-in and loop-out power lines can have a major
impact on the environment. It is thus imperative that precautions be taken to ensure that
environmental damage is minimised. This will take a concerted effort from the Contractor and proper
planning is of the utmost importance.
The Environmental Control Officer (ECO) shall convey the contents of this document and the
conditions of the EA (RoD) from the DEAT and discuss the contents in detail with the Eskom Project
Manager and Contractor at a pre-construction meeting. This formal induction training is a requirement
of ISO 14001 and shall be done with all main and sub-contractors. Record of the training dates,
people who attended and discussion points shall be kept by the ECO.
Most landowners / adjacent landowners will see the construction period as interference with their
daily activities. Good relations with adjacent landowners need to be established and sustained.
Landowners shall therefore be informed timeously of the construction programme, duration and all
interference with their daily activities. This will help in the solving of problems and the prevention
thereof. Lines of communication should always be open to ensure proper and timeous reaction to
complaints. The contact numbers of the ECO and CECO shall be made available to adjacent
landowners. The reputation of both the Contractor and Eskom Transmission is at stake and should be
the drive for everybody involved to perform in excellence.
The Contractor (TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 section .4.1.2) shall take all the necessary precautions against
damage. The Contractor shall ensure that the correct equipment for construction purposes is available
at all times to ensure construction proceeds without unnecessary damage to the environment. Should
alternative methods be used, it requires approval from site staff and the ECO must be informed to
ensure environmental issues are addressed.
The number of environmental audits required during the construction period shall be decided by the
DEAT and attached as a condition in the and shall be in compliance with the recommendations of the
EIA, RoD / EA and EMP (This Document). These will include internal audits and external by the
DEAT or the ISO14001 auditors or combined audits.
7
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
7.1
Substation Specifications
Substation Construction Area
The proposed substation area is 150 ha.
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Associated Infrastructure
The associated infrastructure to be constructed as part of the 765/400 kV Substation will comprise the
following:

1 x 765/400kV 2000 MVA transformer;

765kV Bus Bar and a 400kV bus bar;

The following feeders:

7.2
-
765kV feeder with line 400MVA line reactor bay to Gamma;
-
765 kV feeder bay to Omega;
-
400kV feeder bay to Droërrivier No1;
-
400kV feeder bay to Droërrivier No2;
-
400kV feeder bay to Bacchus No1; and
-
400kV feeder bay to Muldersvlei.
The following reactors:
-
400kV 100MVAr bus bar reactor;
-
765kV 400MVAr bus bar reactor; and
-
765kV 400MVAr line reactor for the Gamma feeder.
Loop-in and Loop-out power line Specifications
Loop-in and Loop-out Power Line Length
The length of the 400 kV loop-in and loop-out lines will be as follows:

Droerrivier/Muldersvlei 400 kV loop-in and loop-out lines to be constructed (approximately 15
depending on the site); and

Bacchus/Droerrivier 400 kV loop-in and loop-out lines to be constructed (approximately 15 km
depending on the site).
Construction of these loop-in and loop-out lines is limited to the width of the servitude in which the
line will be constructed. The width of a 400kV power line is 55 metres.
Tower Parameters
Tower spacing
:
350m. (Average)
Tower height
:
30m. (Average)
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Conductor attachment height
:
25m (Average)
Conductor type
:
Triple dinosaur conductor. (Self-supporting suspension/strain
tower)
`
Tower Design
The following types of towers will be used on this project:

Self-supporting suspension tower.

Self-supporting strain tower.
7.3
Major Activities of the Project
The project involves 21 major activities of which 5 are completed already. These are:
1. Environmental Impact Study – Copy of an EA appended to this document;
2. Negotiations for the site –the preferred site belongs to Public Works
3. Land survey to determine the exact positioning of the substation and loop-in and loop-out
lines and tower placement;
4. Profiling work to produce the profiles for construction; and
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5. Pegging of site for substation and bend tower by a Transmission surveyor.
The following activities are still to be performed:
Substation:
1. Construction of access roads to the substation;
2. Removal of vegetation within the substation footprint;
3. Terracing and levelling of the site;
4. Erection of camp sites for the Contractors’ workforce;
5. Installation of foundations for infrastructure such as transformers, control building and radio
tower;
6. Construction of bunds, oil holding dams (for emergency holding in the event of a oil spill) and
fire safety walls;
7. Compaction and filling with gravel of the areas between foundations;
8. Creation of formal drainage and stormwater control measures;
9. Delivery and installation of transformers, towers, busbars and associated infrastructure;
10. Construction of control rooms and administrative infrastructure;
11. Construction of the loop-in and loop-out transmission lines to enter and leave the new substation;
12. Connection of the new infrastructure to the existing 400kV network; and
13. Construction of the perimeter fence and lighting.
Loop-in and Loop out lines:
1.
Servitude gate installation to facilitate access to the construction site;
2.
Vegetation clearing to facilitate access, construction and the safe operation of the substation and
the loop-in and loop-out lines;
3.
Pegging of tower positions for construction by the contractor;
4.
Transportation of equipment, materials and personnel to site and stores;
5.
Terracing of site;
6.
Installation of foundations for the towers;
7.
Tower assembly and erection;
8.
Conductor stringing and regulation;
9.
Taking over the line from the contractor for commissioning;
10. Final inspection of the line, commissioning and hand over to the Grid Line and Servitude
Manager for operation;
11. Rehabilitation of disturbed areas and sign;
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12. Signing off.
13. Handing over of the transmission power line asset by all Landowners upon completion of the
construction and rehabilitation;
14. Handing over and taking over of the servitude by the Grid Environmental Manager; and
15. Commissioning and Operation and maintenance of the line by the Grid.
The final inspection for the release of the Contractors’ guarantee takes place one year after completion
of the project. The substation and power lines will be in operation immediately after completion of the
project and will stay operational for the lifetime of the plant. Subsequent maintenance and
refurbishment can extend the operational lifetime of the plant substantially.
8
ENVIRONMENTAL SENSITIVITIES
As aforementioned there are various environmental sensitivities within the construction area (Figure 2
and Figure 3). Care must be taken during construction to avoid such areas demarcated.
Figure 2: Rocky outcrops of the farm Platfontein.
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Figure 3: Platfontein Sensitivities and Exclusion Zones.
9
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT MEASURES
The management measures documented in each of the sections below have been compiled using the
following information:
1.) Impact Assessment and mitigation measures documented in the Final Environmental Impact
Report (FEIR) which appends this EMP for the Kappa substation.
2.) The standard EMP utilised by Eskom: Transmission for the construction of substations and
power lines.
Each section is divided into the following sub-divisions:

Pre-Construction Phase;

Construction Phase;

Operation Phase; and

Rehabilitation Phase.
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9.1
Objectives of the Specific Environmental Measures
The objectives of the specific environmental measures are summarised and stipulated in the following table.
ACTIVITY
OBJECTIVE

Construction Initiation

Site Establishment
Demarcation
and




















Ensure that all necessary legal obligations and contractual conditions have been met prior to the commencement with
construction;
To ensure that all role players and stakeholders are aware of the pending construction activities and have received timeous notice;
and
To ensure that power outages are avoided wherever possible during the construction phase.
Project Area
Ensure proper demarcation of the project area prior to construction;
Ensure timely notice and negotiation with stakeholders in the event that access is required for construction purposes; and
Ensure that all areas impacted during construction are rehabilitated to suitable levels.
Gate Installation
Properly installed gates to allow access to the servitude;
Minimise damage to fences; and
Limit access to Eskom and Contractor personnel with gate keys.
Servicing Vehicles
Prevention of pollution of the environment; and
Minimise chances of transgression of the acts controlling pollution.
Batching Plants
To ensure all agreements with Landowners are adhered to;
Prevention of complaints from stakeholders; and
Successful rehabilitation of disturbed areas.
Wet Areas
Avoid impact to wet areas.
Sanitation
Ensure that proper sanitation is received.
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Water
Management
(including Storm water,
Water
Sources,
Wet
Areas)











Hazardous
Substance
Spills
Delivery of Materials
Building,
Civil’s
and
Structural Steel Work
Circuit Breakers and
Current Transformers












Storm-water Management
Effectively control storm water runoff to ensure that impacts to surface water resources are controlled, and erosion is not present
on site; and
The Contractor will compile a storm water management plan to ensure that clean water is safely diverted around the site and that
dirty water is contained and correctly handled.
River Crossings
Minimise damage to river and stream embankments;
No access roads through river and stream banks;
Existing drifts and bridges may be used if the Landowner gives his consent;
Such structures shall then be thoroughly examined for strength and durability before they are used;
New drifts and bridges shall only be constructed with the approval of ESKOM and the Landowner and the direction of the ECO;
All structures constructed for access purposes shall be properly designed and drawings of such structures shall be available for
record purposes;
“NO ENTRY” signs, in consultation with the ECO and landowner, must be strategically placed along rivers, streams and other
natural or man made drainage lines which are in close proximity access routes, the servitude and pylons where contractors may
take short cuts across/through them;
The ECO must strictly monitor this aspect as well as the maintenance of these signs for which the Contractor is responsible;
No visible erosion scars on embankments once construction is completed; and
Minimise erosion of embankments and subsequent siltation of rivers, streams and dams.
Wetlands
No construction activities within designated wetland areas;
All wetland areas shall be marked as no-go areas; and
No pollution or effluent is to come in contact with wetland areas.
To ensure that spills occurring during the construction phase are suitably managed to reduce potential impacts on the
environment.
To ensure that all sub-contractors responsible for delivering materials to site operate in an environmentally friendly manner
whilst on site; and
To ensure that the activities related to material deliveries do not create an unnecessary impact on the environment.
To ensure that all construction related activities including civils, building erection, and structural steel work is undertaken in such
a manner that it reduces unnecessary impact to the environment.
See deliveries, site establishment, and civils and structural steel work;
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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17
Access Roads
Waste Management
Fire Prevention
Designated Storage Areas
Tower Positions
Claims from Damages
Erosion, Donga and River
Crossings
Flora
Management
(including
Vegetation
Clearing, General, and
Herbicides)





























Minimise damage to existing access roads;
Minimise damage to environment due to construction and rehabilitation of new access roads; and
Minimise loss of topsoil and enhancement of erosion.
To keep the construction site and servitude neat and clean;
Disposal of rubble and refuse in an appropriate manner;
Minimise litigation;
Minimise neighbour complaints; and
No visible concrete spillage on the servitude.
No veld fires started by the Contractor’s work force;
No claims from Landowners for damages due to veld fires; and
No litigation.
To ensure that cognisance is taken of proper storage of dangerous goods and hazardous materials so as to avoid accidents,
spillage, and impacts to the environment.
Minimise damage to topsoil and environment at tower positions;
Successful rehabilitation of all damaged areas; and
Prevention of erosion and no visible erosion scars three months after completion of the contract.
Minimise complaints from Landowners;
Prevent litigation due to outstanding claims by ensuring that claims are settled within one (1) month; and
Successful completion of the contract and all Landowners signing release forms within 6 months of completion of the project.
Minimise erosion damage on donga crossings and embankments. There should be no visible damage caused by construction
activities;
Minimise impeding the natural flow of water; and
Minimise initiation of erosion through donga embankments.
Minimise damage to vegetation by only clearing 8m or 6m vegetation along the centre of the servitude / site for access purposes.
Keep servitude as natural looking as possible;
No vegetation interfering with structures and statutory safety requirements upon completion of the contract;
Minimise possibility of erosion due to removal of vegetation by not de-stumping vegetation on river and stream embankments;
Minimise removal of plant material on river and stream embankments;
Eradication of alien invader and densifier species that cause a fire hazard;
No visible herbicide damage to the vegetation along the servitude one year after completion of the contract due to incorrect
herbicide use; and
No litigation due to unauthorised removal of vegetation.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
18
Fauna Management
Interaction with adjacent
landowners
Noise / Working Hours
Infrastructure
Archaeology
Residential Property
















Minimise disruption of farming activities (No stock losses where construction is underway);
Minimise disturbance of animals;
Minimise interruption of breeding patterns of birds; and
No litigation concerning stock losses and animal deaths.
Maintain good relations with Landowners;
No delays in the project due to Landowner interference; and
Landowner signs final release form.
To ensure that noise is managed in such a manner that no complaints are received.
Ensure that existing infrastructure is taken into account during planning and project execution to eliminate impacts to existing
infrastructure; and
To avoid claims and litigation.
Protection of archaeological sites and land considered to be of cultural value;
Protection of known sites against vandalism, destruction and theft; and
The preservation and appropriate management of new archaeological finds should they be discovered during construction.
Control actions and activities in close proximity to inhabited areas;
No complaints from Landowners; and
No damage to private property.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
19
9.2
Pre-construction / Planning Phase
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
LABOUR ISSUES
Eskom must appoint a suitably qualified ECO, prior to the
commencement of construction, to act on their behalf, on a daily basis,
monitor project compliance with the conditions of EA, environmental
legislation and the recommendations of the revised EMP. Eskom to
notify the authorities of the appointment.
Throughout
Project
Once off
PM
EA
EM
C
2
The ECO / CECO shall remain employed until all rehabilitation
measures are completed and the site is handed over to Eskom by the
contractor for operation.
Throughout
Project
Daily
PM
EA
EM
C
3
The ECO shall maintain the following on site:
 A daily site diary;
 A non-conformance register; and
 A public complaint registers.
Throughout
Project
Daily
CECO
ECO
EA
SM
EM
PM
EM
EA
ECO
EM
EA
ECO
RA
C
EA
EM
ECO
RA
1
CONSTRUCTION INITIATION
The authorised activity / activities may not commence within thirty
(30) days of the date of signature of the authorisation.
Prior
to
authorisation
Once off
PM
PM
SM
2
Should Eskom be notified by the minister of a suspension of the
authorisation pending appeal procedures, Eskom may not commence
with the activities unless authorised by the minister in writing.
Throughout
Project
PM
PM
SM
3
Fourteen (14) days written notice must be given to the Department
prior to construction and prior to operation commencing.
Commencement for the purposes of this condition includes site
preparation. The notice must include the anticipated date on which the
activity will commence.
14 days
Throughout
Project / as
and
when
necessary
Prior
to
CECO
PM
SM
1
construction
and prior to
operations
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
RA
C
July 2009
10636
20
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
4
No
A copy of the authorisation must be kept at the property where the
activity will be undertaken. The authorisation must be produced to any
authorised official of the Department who requests to see it and must
be made available for inspection by any employee or agent of the
holder of the authorisation who works or undertake work at the
property.
Throughout
Monthly
Inspection
CECO
SM
EA
EM
PM
5
No work shall commence until permission is granted from the
Environmental Advisor from Transmission Services and acceptance of
this EMP from DEAT has been obtained.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
Once-off
SM
C
PM
ECO
EA
EM
6
A signed agreement statement must be obtained from the contractor
indicating their willingness to comply to the EMP.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
Once - off
CECO
C
SM
ECO
PM
EA
EM
CECO
SM
C
ECO
CECO
C
WASTE PREPARATIONS
An independent waste contractor must be appointed to manage the
removal and disposal of solid waste – both domestic and hazardous
waste during the construction phase.
1
Prior
to
commencem
ent
Weekly
HEALTH AND SAFETY PREPARATIONS
1
2
A Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA) must be
undertaken prior to the construction in order to addresses all aspects
around Health and Safety Superintendent. This aspect must be
undertaken in close liaison with the Health and Safety Officer.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
Once-off
C
C
C
C
A medical and safety induction must be prepared and must be
undertaken prior to entering the site.
Prior
to
entering the
site
Once-off
C
C
C
C
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
21
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
SITE ESTABLISHMENT AND DEMARCATION: CONSTRUCTION SITE PLANNING / LAYOUT
The ECO must induct all contractors and personnel working on the
project on the contents of this EMP and any penalties arising from noncompliance.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
Once-off
ECO
ECO
C
ECO
C
ECO
2
The Contractor must provide Eskom with the intended actions and
programme for site establishment including the site layout,
demarcation for hazardous materials storage, soil stockpiles, stormwater management infrastructure, access points for deliveries and
services, and the position of site offices and ablutions.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
Once-off
C
C
SM
C
SM
C
3
All site establishment components must be positioned to
Throughout
Throughout
C
ECO
CECO
CM
CECO
SM
CM
SM
CM
ECO
CECO
1
a) limit visual intrusion on neighbours and
b) minimise the area disturbed.
SITE ESTABLISHMENT AND DEMARCATION: GATE INSTALLATION, FENCING AND CONTROL PREPARATIONS
The Contractor must erect and maintain permanent and/or temporary
fences, type and location as directed by Eskom, prior to starting of
other activities.
Throughout
Throughout
C
ECO
CECO
C
ECO
CECO
CM
CM
2
New gates will have to be constructed and the contractor must refer to
the Fencing Act, Act no 31 of 1963. The ECO shall approve gate
positions.
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
Gate installation shall be according to TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 section
4.5 as stated in the specifications. All gates installed in electrified
fencing shall be re-electrified.
Prior
to
construction
Once -off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
1
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
22
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
4
No
All gate positions shall be three (3) metres off centre to allow for
continued access when stringing takes place of the loop-in and loop-out
lines.
Prior
to
construction
Once -off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
The Contractor will ensure that gates are always closed and locked
after anyone has driven through it.
Throughout
Throughout
C
CECO
C
CECO
CM
CECO
ECO
PM
SM
C
SITE ESTABLISHMENT AND DEMARCATION: BATCHING PLANT PREPARATION
1
2
The siting, if necessary, of batching plants shall be done in conjunction
with the Eskom PM and the ECO. Refer to TRMSCAAC1 REV 3
section 4.8 for specifications regarding batching plants.
Throughout
construction
Once -off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Suitable screening and containment must be in place to prevent windblown contamination from cement storage, mixing, loading and
batching operations.
PreConstruction
Once-off
C
SM
C
SM
ECO
CECO
CM
SM
SANITATION
1
2
The Contractor shall install mobile chemical toilets on site
(TRMSCAAC1 REV 3). The Contractor camp shall have the necessary
ablution facilities with chemical toilets where such facilities are not
available at commencement of construction. Prior to the establishment
of the ablution facilities, the Site Manager must approve an appropriate
location.
Throughout
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The Contractor will be responsible for the proper utilisation,
maintenance and management of toilet, wash and waste facilities.
Toilet facilities supplied by the contractor for the workers shall occur at
a maximum ratio of 1 toilet per 15 workers. All temporary / portable
toilets shall be secured to the ground to prevent them from toppling due
to wind or any other cause.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
23
No
3
Mitigation Measures
Duration
The entrances to the ablution facilities shall be adequately screened
from public view. The toilets must not be located within or near storm
water channels, no-go areas and drainage lines.
PreConstruction
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
CONTRACTORS CAMP PREPARATIONS
The contractor’s camp shall be sited so as to cause the least amount of
disturbance to adjacent landowners and fenced.
PreConstruction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
Site establishment shall take place in an orderly manner and all
amenities shall be installed at Camp sites before the main workforce
move onto site.
Preconstruction
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
The Contractor shall supply a wastewater management system that will
comply with legal requirements and be acceptable to Eskom. A septic
tank system is recommended to ensure the best practice environmental
solution (See Sanitation).
PreConstruction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
Where Eskom facilities are available the Contractor shall make use of
such facilities where it is viable.
PreConstruction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
5
Should shower facilities be provided for the use by staff staying on
site, the following controls must be imposed:
Throughout
Construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
1




Positioning of the shower, and specifically its discharge point, will
be carried out to ensure that erosion and build up detergents does
not occur;
All discharge from the shower and other washing facilities must
pass through a suitable filter to reduce the load of detergents to the
environment;
Filtered water discharge may thereafter be released to the
environment, but mechanisms will be investigated to ensure that
the water is evenly dispersed so as to lead to “greening up” and /
or swampy conditions in one limited area;
Use of the shower facilities must be limited to staff or authorised
persons only.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
24
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
6
No
The cooking area will be positioned such that no vegetation is in close
proximity thereto, including overhanging trees. An area around the
cooking area will be cleared such that any escaping embers will not
start an uncontrolled fire.
PreConstruction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
7
Eating areas shall be designated and demarcated. Sufficient bins shall
be present in this area for all waste material. Dish washing facilities
shall be provided. These may be very basic, but a process must be put
in place to ensure that wastewater is disposed of appropriately.
PreConstruction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
WATER MANAGEMENT (INCLUDING STORM WATER, WATER SOURCES, WET AREAS)
1
2
3
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Should water be required from sources other than Eskom supply, a
written agreement shall be reached between the Contractor and the
stakeholder involved.
Throughout
When
Project
necessary
Should the Contractor be required to use water from a natural source,
the Contractor shall supply a method statement to that effect and obtain
the required permits. No construction shall take place in the wetland,
streams and other river courses without the necessary water license
form the DWAF.
Throughout
Develop a clean and dirty water separation plan prior to construction.
PreConstruction
Project
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
25
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE SPILLS
1
Ensure that suitable spill kits and absorption materials are purchased
prior to commencement with construction, and stored suitably in places
where there is a high risk of hazardous spills occurring.
Throughout
Project
Buy
new
absorption
materials
when needed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
A notice board with the contact details of the responsible party shall be
displayed at the gate to the storage area.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
Workers are to be made aware of the health risks associated with any
hazardous substances used, and shall be provided with appropriate PPE
in case of spillages or accident.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
and
during
construction
Prior
to
commencem
ent
and
during
construction
Prior
to
commenceme
nt and during
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Prior
to
commenceme
nt and during
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
5
Storage areas must display the required safety signs depicting “No
smoking”, “No naked lights” and “Danger”. Containers must be clearly
marked to indicate contents as well as safety requirements.
A method statement for the storage of hazardous materials must be
supplied at tender stage.
DELIVERY OF MATERIALS
1
All drivers and operators of any vehicles must be appropriately
licensed.
Throughout
construction
Daily
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
26
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ACCESS ROADS PREPARATION
1
2
3
The condition of existing access / private roads to be used shall be
documented with photographs.
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
The Contractor shall properly mark all access roads. Markers shall
show the direction of travel. Roads not to be used shall be marked with
a “NO ENTRY “sign (refer also TRMSCAAC1 REV 3). Where
required, speed limits shall be indicated and speed control measures
applied on the roads.
Water diversion berms shall be installed from the start of the contract
in accordance with TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 Section 4.6. Where berms
are installed on severe slopes the outflow shall be suitably stone
pitched to prevent erosion from starting at the base of the berm. All
structures shall be properly designed and drawings shall be available
for reference purposes.
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Prior
to
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
WASTE MANAGEMENT PREPARATION
A method statement is required from the Contractor that includes the
layout of the camp, management of ablution facilities and waste
management.
The Contractor camp shall have the necessary ablution facilities with
chemical toilets where such facilities are not available at
commencement of construction (See Sanitation Section).
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
The Contractor shall provide a wastewater management system that
will comply with legal requirements and be acceptable to Eskom (See
Water Management Section).
Prior
to
construction
Weekly
inspection
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
The Contractor will supply waste collection bins where such is not
available and all solid waste collected shall be disposed of at a
registered waste disposal facility.
Throughout
Project
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
1
2
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
27
No
5
Mitigation Measures
Duration
In the case where a registered waste site is not available close to the
construction site, the Contractor will be responsible to provide a
method statement with regard to waste management.
Prior
to
construction
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
FIRE PREVENTION
The Contractor must document a fire reduction management plan. The
plan will identify sources of fire hazards, and appropriate management
measures to reduce the identified risk. The relevant authority will be
notified of such potential fire hazards.
1
Prior
to
commencem
ent
of
construction
Monthly
TOWER POSITIONS (FOR LOOP-IN AND LOOP-OUT LINES)
Refer to TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 SECTION 4.4.5 for specifications
concerning tower sites on slopes.
1
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
CLAIMS FROM DAMAGES
All anticipated damage shall be noted while access negotiations are
underway.
1
Prior
to
construction
Prior
to
construction
EROSION, DONGA AND RIVER CROSSINGS
Crossing of dongas and eroded areas shall be thoroughly planned in
accordance with TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 Section 4.4.1.
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
Water diversion berms shall be installed in consultation with the ECO
at donga crossings to ensure runoff water on the site and servitude does
not run into dongas and cause an erosion hazard.
Prior
to
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
All structures shall be properly designed and drawings shall be
available for reference purposes.
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
1
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
28
No
4
5
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
“NO ENTRY” signs, in consultation with the ECO and landowner,
must be strategically placed at eroded areas or dongas which are in
close proximity access routes, the site, servitude and pylons where
contractors may take short cuts across/through them. The ECO must
strictly monitor this aspect as well as the maintenance of these signs for
which the contractor is responsible.
Mitigation Measures
When
necessary
Duration
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
All structures constructed for access purposes shall be properly
designed and drawings of such structures shall be available for record
purposes.
Prior
to
construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
FLORA MANAGEMENT (INCLUDING VEGETATION CLEARING, GENERAL AND HERBICIDES)
Prior
to
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
1
For the loop-in and loop-out lines vegetation clearing shall be done in
accordance with ESKASABG3 REV 0 (Standard for bush clearance
and maintenance within overhead power line servitudes) and the
Vegetation Management Guideline.
EA
EM
PM
2
The removal of all economically valuable trees or vegetation shall be
negotiated with the Landowner before such vegetation is removed.
Prior
to
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
The Contractor will remove plants containing any diseases and /or
pests from the site.
Prior
to
construction
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
FAUNA MANAGEMENT PREPARATION
1
Construction planning must be undertaken prior to construction to
ensure that it does not conflict with breeding seasons.
Prior
to
construction
Once off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
The breeding sites of raptors and other wild bird species shall be taken
into consideration during the planning of the construction programme.
One week
Once off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
29
No
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
3
For the loop-in and loop-out transmission lines, it is recommended that
sites on parallel existing lines be noted, i.e. tower numbers. This
information must then be given to the avian specialist via the
Environmental Advisor so that the necessary action can be taken
timeously.
Mitigation Measures
When
necessary
Duration
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
Ensure that suitable fencing is erected prior to the commencement of
construction to ensure that live stock does not wonder into dangerous
areas.
Throughout
the project.
Weekly
inspections.
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
INTERACTION WITH ADJACENT LANDOWNERS
1
All negotiations for any reason shall be between Eskom, the
landowners and the Contractor.
When
necessary
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
Where required, relocation and decommissioning of dwellings may
only take place once negotiations and compensations have been
finalised by Eskom.
When
necessary
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
No verbal agreements shall be made. All agreements shall be recorded
properly and all parties shall co-sign the documentation. It is proposed
that a photographic record of access roads be kept.
Throughout
the project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
It is required that the Contractor will supply one person to be the
liaison officer (CECO) for the entire contract, and that this person shall
be available to investigate all problems arising on the work site
concerning adjacent landowners (TRMSCAAC1 REV 3).
Throughout
project
Ongoing.
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ARCHAEOLOGY PREPARATION
1
Ensure all known sites of cultural, archaeological, and historical
significance are demarcated on the site layout plan, and marked as nogo areas.
Throughout
Project
Weekly
Inspection
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
30
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
PRIVATE PROPERTY
1
All private residences will be demarcated on a site layout plan prior to
construction phase commencing.
Prior
to
construction
Weekly
Inspections
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
31
9.3
No
Construction Phase
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
PM
EM
RA
PM
SM
C
LABOUR ISSUES
1
Ensure proper supervision of employees at all times.
2
Adhere and comply to the OHSA as approved by the Department of
Labour;
Throughout
Throughout
C
SM
ECO
EA
Throughout
Throughout
PM
SM
PM
SM
PM
SM
SITE DEMARCATION: GATE INSTALLATION, FENCING AND CONTROL
All gates shall be fitted with locks and be kept locked at all times.
Gates shall only be left open on request of the Landowner if he accepts
partial responsibility for such gates in writing. Claims arising from
gates left open shall be investigated and settled in full by the
Contractor.
Throughout
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
If any fencing interferes with the construction process, such fencing
shall be deviated / protected until construction is completed. Damage
to fences shall be minimised.
When
necessary
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
No one is to drive over cattle grid when there is no protection
Throughout
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
1
CONSTRUCTION INITIATION
1
Construction activities are limited to the area as demarcated by EA /
EM within the site identified for the construction of the substation and
transmission lines.
Throughout
Project
PreConstruction
and
during
Construction
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
32
No
2
3
4
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Any area outside the construction area, required to facilitate access,
construction activities, construction camps or material storage areas,
where necessary, shall be negotiated with the affected stakeholders and
written agreements shall be obtained.
All construction areas shall be cleared in accordance with the EA / EM
Standard for Bush clearing ESKASABG3. Any extra space to be
cleared outside the construction area shall be negotiated and approved
by EA / EM. All areas marked as no go areas inside the substation
parameters shall be treated with the utmost care and responsibility.
Adherence to the construction phase suggestions on seismic activity
must be monitored.
Throughout
Project
PreConstruction
and
during
Construction
Prior
to
Construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
PreConstruction
and
during
Construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
BATCHING PLANTS
The batching plant area shall be operated in such a way as to prevent
contaminated water to run off the site and polluting nearby streams or
water bodies. To this effect diversion berms must be installed to direct
all wastewater to a catchment area.
Throughout
Construction
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
Suitable screening and containment must be in place to prevent windblown contamination from cement storage, mixing, loading and
batching operations.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
No batching / mixing activities may occur on the ground or any
permeable surface.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
SM
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
1
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
33
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
SANITATION
The Contractor shall ensure the provision and proper utilisation,
maintenance and management of toilet, wash and waste facilities.
Chemical toilets will be supplied by the Contractor. Toilet facilities
supplied by the Contractor for the workers shall occur at a maximum
ratio of 1 toilet per 15 workers. Staff shall be sensitised to the fact that
they should use these toilets at all times. The Contractor shall inform
all site staff to make use of supplied ablution facilities and under no
circumstances shall indiscriminate excretion and urinating be allowed
other than in supplied facilities. No use of the veld shall be allowed, as
this always creates problems with the landowners and may lead to
claims for problems with stock diseases.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
Ablution facilities must be maintained in a hygienic state and serviced
regularly. Toilet paper will be provided. Toilet paper is also a source of
littering, and the Contractor shall be forced to clean up any litter.
Throughout
Construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
The Contractor will ensure that no spillage occurs when the toilets are
cleaned or emptied and that a licensed provider removes the contents
from the site. Disposal of such waste is only acceptable at a licensed
waste disposal facility.
Throughout
Construction
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
1
WATER MANAGEMENT
1
2
Strict control shall be maintained and the ECO shall regularly inspect
the abstraction point and methods used. The connection must be kept in
neat working order without leaks or spillages.
No construction is to take place in wetland areas. Including no
vehicular traffic in wet areas / wetlands. The contractor shall use
alternative methods of construction in such areas. Refer to
TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 section 4.4.1 regarding access through
seasonally wet areas.
Throughout
Project
Every second
day
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
34
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Berms should be created not closer than 10m from identified wetland
areas, so as to ensure that no construction material and/or waste flow
into wetland systems.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The dust control measures, such as watering, chemical stabilisation and
the reduction of surface wind speed through the use of windbreaks and
source enclosures must be put in place during construction activities.
Emission control efficiencies of 50% can readily be achieved through
the implementation of effective watering programme for unpaved roads
and material handling points.
The Contractor shall supply appropriate dust suppression measures (as
indicated above) particularly during prolonged periods of dry weather;
During
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
During
construction
When
necessary
SM
ECO
The Contractor will avoid under high wind conditions or when a
visible dust plume is present the excavation, handling and transport of
erodible materials. If dust-damping measures are deemed inadequate,
working will cease until wind speeds drop to an acceptable level.
During
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
Storm water shall be channelled away from construction activities. The
Contractor will compile a storm water management plan to ensure that
clean water is safely diverted around the site, and that dirty water is
contained and correctly handled.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
of
Construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
8
No storm water may be discharged into areas where construction is
taking place. Storm water flowing from the footprint of the proposed
development may not be contaminated by any substances, whether the
substance is solid, liquid or vapour or any combination thereof.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
of
Construction
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
9
During construction, the Contractor will protect areas susceptible to
erosion by installing necessary temporary and / or permanent drainage
works as soon as possible and by taking suitable measures to prevent
surface water concentration into nearby roadways or river courses.
Silt trap mechanisms will be installed on all temporary storm water
channels. These silt traps will be regularly checked and serviced as
required.
All excavated and filled slopes and stockpiles must be of a stable angle
and capable of accommodating normal expected flows.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
of
Construction
Throughout
Construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Throughout
Construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
3
4
5
6
7
10
11
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
35
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
12
Stabilisation of cleared areas to prevent and control erosion will be
actively managed. The method chosen (e.g. watering, planting,
retaining structures, commercial anti-erosion compounds) will be
selected according to specifics and ensure acceptable rehabilitation.
Throughout
Construction
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
13
Traffic and movement over stabilised areas will be restricted. Any
damage to stabilised areas will be repaired and maintained to the
satisfaction of the Site Manager.
Throughout
Construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
14
Where erosion and sedimentation occur, rectification will be carried
out in accordance with details specified by the Site Manager.
Throughout
Construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The following must be ensured throughout construction: the clean and
dirty water plan is implemented, areas to be impacted prior to
commencement of the construction phase must be properly
demarcated, safety procedures are implemented during blasting.
Throughout
Construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
1
Ensure that potential hazardous materials on site are identified and
documented in a register.
Throughout
Project
As
new
hazardous
material arrive
on site
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
Ensure that suitable spill kits and absorption materials are purchased
prior to commencement with construction, and stored suitably in places
where there is a high risk of hazardous spills occurring.
Throughout
Project
Buy
new
absorption
materials
when needed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
The storage areas shall not be utilised for accommodation purposes.
The storage areas shall be kept tidy and the area shall be rehabilitated
after use.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
A notice board with the contact details of the responsible party shall be
displayed at the gate to the storage area.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
HAZARDOUS SPILLS
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
36
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
5
No
Workers are to be made aware of the health risks associated with any
hazardous substances used, and shall be provided with appropriate PPE
in case of spillages or accident.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
and
during
construction
Prior
to
commenceme
nt and during
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
6
Storage areas must display the required safety signs depicting “No
smoking”, “No naked lights” and “Danger”. Containers must be clearly
marked to indicate contents as well as safety requirements.
Prior
to
commencem
ent
and
during
construction
Prior
to
commenceme
nt and during
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
7
The method statement for the storage of hazardous materials, supplied
at tender stage, must be adhered to.
Throughout
Project;
Throughout
Project;
C
CECO
SM
ECO
8
Refuelling must be confined to designated area. This area is underlain
by an impermeable surface to ensure that no spillage of fuel occurs.
Throughout
Project;
Throughout
Project;
C
CECO
SM
ECO
9
Where possible and practical all maintenance of vehicles and
equipment shall take place in the workshop area. Workshop areas shall
be monitored for oil and fuel spills and such spills shall be cleaned and
remediate to the satisfaction of the ECO.
Throughout
Construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
10
All contaminated soil / yard stone shall be removed and be placed in
containers. Contaminated material can be taken to one central point
where bio-remediation can be done. Smaller spills can be treated on
site. (ESKASABTO). A specialist Contractor shall be used for the bioremediation of contaminated soil where the required remediation
material and expertise is not available on site.
Throughout
Project
Whennecessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
11
All spills of hazardous substances must be reported to the ECO and
appointed Transmission Engineering Environmental Advisor (Tx Key
Performance Indicator requirement).
Throughout
Project
Whennecessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
37
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
12
Storage areas for oils, grease, chemicals and other hazardous materials
must be placed in bunded areas on impermeable surfaces.
Throughout
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
13
An inventory of any hazardous chemicals/substances (including that
within equipment) must be kept on site, along with a description of
possible ill effects and treatment of health-related afflictions resulting
from accidents, shall be kept in the storage area as well as by the
appropriate manager. These areas shall be securely fenced if required
by the authorisation or relevant legislation.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
14
Gas welding cylinders and LPG cylinders shall be stored in a secure,
well-ventilated area.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
15
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) of all hazardous substances have
to be kept on file.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
16
Emergency repairs done on machinery using hydrocarbons has a drip
tray placed strategically to avoid incidental spillage. Drip trays are to
be emptied daily and serviced when necessary. In particular drip trays
are closely monitored during rain events to ensure that they do not
overflow.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
17
A recognised company (e.g. Waste Tech) remove all the old oil rags,
filters etc and the old hazardous liquids go to a refinery.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Project
HEAVY VEHICLES
1
No vehicles coming on sites must spill oil. All areas where heavy
machinery has access must be rehabilitated in terms of soil pollution.
Throughout
construction
Daily
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
38
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
2
No construction equipment, vehicles or unauthorised personnel will be
allowed onto areas that have been re-vegetated. The Contractor will
control the movement of all vehicles and machinery on the site. All
vehicles and machinery will remain on designated areas, and these
vehicles will be distributed so as not to cause undue traffic
concentration.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
Ensure traffic safety measures (e.g. traffic warning signs, flagmen) are
erected to the satisfaction of Eskom.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
4
Attention must be paid to minimising disruption of the flow of traffic
and reducing the danger to other road users and pedestrians.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
BUILDING, CIVILS AND STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
1
PPE must be used by all workers using hand tools during the
excavations of foundations. During the mixing of concrete, concrete
dust is emanated. Workers mixing concrete must wear PPE.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
Spoil must be evenly spread.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
During the excavation of earth materials no oil leaks may occur from
heavy vehicles.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
5
Suitable screening and containment must be in place to prevent windblown contamination from cement storage, mixing, loading and
batching operations.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
6
No batching / mixing activities occur on the ground or any permeable
surface.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
39
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
7
Cleaning of equipment and flushing of mixers occur in designated
wash bays (with contaminated water collected, stored / contained) to
ensure that contaminated wash water does not enter the environment.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
8
Ready mix trucks have to rinse off the delivery shoot at the designed
wash bays prior to leaving the site.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
9
Cement bags must not become litter after use. They must be disposed
of in bins/skips (see Waste Management).
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
10
All copper and steel off-cuts must be collected for recycling purposes.
Throughout
construction
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
11
During steel cutting and grinding, all old discs must be managed and
must not become litter.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
12
During welding and brazing, all old welding rods must be managed
and must not become litter.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ACCESS ROADS
1
All speed limits shall be strictly adhered to at all times.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
The Contractor will control the movement of all vehicles and
machinery on the site. All vehicles and machinery will remain on
designated routes, and these vehicles will be distributed so as not to
cause undue traffic concentration.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
Where new access roads are constructed, this must be done in
accordance with TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 Section 4.4.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
40
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
4
Implement dust control measures, such as dampening with water or
use of specific chemicals will be implemented where necessary, as
indicated by Eskom.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
Ensure traffic safety measures (e.g. traffic warning signs, flagmen)
are erected to the satisfaction of Eskom.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
6
Water diversion berms shall be installed from the start of the contract
in accordance with TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 Section 4.6;
At the start
of
the
contract
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
7
These berms shall be maintained at all times.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
8
No roads shall be constructed on slopes of more than 20% unless such
roads follow contours. In such areas the Contractor shall only use
existing roads or alternative methods of construction. The Contractor
shall take such areas into consideration during the tender.
Throughout
construction
Monthly
inspection
C
CECO
SM
ECO
9
The installation of concrete pipes and drifts, to facilitate access, shall
be at the discretion of the Environmental Control Officer on site.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
10
Any dangerous crossings shall be marked as such and where
necessary, speed limits shall be enforced.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
11
All existing private access roads used for construction purposes, shall
be maintained at all times to ensure that the local people have free
access to and from their properties.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
WASTE MANAGEMENT
1
The Contractor shall dispose of all excess material on site in an
appropriate manner and at a designated place.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
41
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
2
All packaging material shall be removed from site and disposed of
and not burned on site.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
No landfill may be used without the consent from the Landowner.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
4
Should a landfill be used for biodegradable materials only, the rubble
shall be compacted and at least 1m of soil shall cover the waste
material.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
5
No hazardous material, e.g. oil or diesel fuel shall be disposed of in
any unregistered waste site.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
6
No material shall be left on site that may harm man or animals.
Throughout
Project
Weekly
inspection
C
CECO
SM
ECO
7
Any broken insulators shall be removed and all shards picked up.
Broken, damaged and unused nuts, bolts and washers shall be picked
up and removed from site.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
8
Surplus concrete may not be dumped indiscriminately on site, but
shall be disposed of in designated areas as agreed by the Landowner.
Concrete trucks shall not be washed on site after depositing concrete
into foundations. Any spilled concrete shall be cleaned up
immediately.
Throughout
Project
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
9
Under no circumstances may solid waste be burned on site unless a
suitable incinerator is available.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
10
The Contractor shall dispose of all excess material on site in an
appropriate manner and at a designated place.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
42
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
11
The Contractor must provide DEAT with proof of confirmation of
service provision from waste service providers for the removal of
wastes.
Throughout
Project
As soon
possible
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
12
A general site-wide litter clean up will occur at least once a week.
Throughout
Project
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
13
Waste will be collected from site by a licensed contractor and
removed to an appropriate waste disposal facility. All waste generated
during construction and operation of the facility must be removed and
disposed of at a waste facility permitted in terms of Section20 of the
Environmental Conservation Act, 1989 (Act 73 of 1989) and be
collected by a licensed contractor.
Throughout
Project
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
14
Wherever possible, materials will be recycled via a “Greens waste
site”. To this end, containers for glass, paper, metals, plastics, organic
waste and hazardous wastes (e.g. oil rags, paint containers, thinners)
will be provided in sufficient quantity on the site.
Throughout
Project
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
15
Waste will be removed during off-peak traffic periods to minimise
impacts on local traffic patterns.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
16
Littering by the employees of the Contractor shall not be allowed
(TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 section 4.1.2).
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
17
All potentially hazardous and non-degradable waste shall be collected
and removed to a registered waste site.
Throughout
Project
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
as
July 2009
10636
43
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
FIRE PREVENTION
1
Preferentially no fires will be lit on the site, if however required, fires
must be limited to use for cooking and heating use only within a
designated area. This area will be a suitable distance from fuel
sources. A fire will be constantly monitored while present.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
In terms of the Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Act (APPA),
burning is not permitted for waste disposal.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
Suitable precautions will be taken (e.g. suitable fire extinguisher,
welding curtains) when working with welding or grinding equipment
near potential sources of combustion.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
4
All fire control mechanisms (fire fighting equipment) will be
routinely inspected by a qualified investigator for efficacy thereof and
be approved by local fire services. Such mechanisms will be present
and accessible at all times.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
All staff on site will be made aware of general fire prevention and
control methods, and the name of the responsible person to alert to
the presence of a fire.
Throughout
Project
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
6
The Contractor will advise the relevant authority of a fire outside of a
demarcated area as soon as it starts and will not wait until he can no
longer control it.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
DEDICATED STORAGE AREAS
1
All hazardous substances shall be stored in suitable containers and
storage areas shall be bunded. This includes all carbon substances like
fuel and oil as well as herbicides and battery acid.
During
construction
Daily
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
2
A register shall be kept on all substances and be available for
inspection at all times. All hazardous substances shall be stored in
suitable containers and storage areas shall be bunded. (see Waste
Management).
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
Workshop areas shall be monitored for oil and fuel spills and such
spills shall be cleaned and remediated to the satisfaction of the ECO.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
4
In the event of a breakdown within the substation perimeter, any oil
spills shall be cleaned up immediately and appropriate environmental
investigations undertaken and recorded.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
5
The following shall apply:
Throughout
When
SM
ECO
Project
necessary
C
CECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM

All contaminated soil shall be removed and be placed in
containers. Contaminated soil can be taken to one central
point at the Contractors campsite where bio-remediation can
be done;

Smaller spills can be treated on site;

A specialist Contractor shall be used for the bio-remediation
of contaminated soil;

The area around the fuel storage drum at the Contractor’s
campsite shall also be re-mediated upon completion of the
contract; and
6
7
 All oil spills must be reported to the ECO immediately.
Under no circumstances shall such waste be buried on site
indiscriminately.
No maintenance or repair of construction vehicles or machinery will
occur on site during the construction phase. Maintenance of
equipment and vehicles will be preformed off-site at a suitably
designed workshop.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
45
No
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
8
Movement of construction vehicles and machinery must be restricted
to areas outside of sensitive areas on site.
Mitigation Measures
Throughout
Project
Duration
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
9
The contractor will ensure that if emergency plant maintenance
occurs on site, that there is no contamination of soil or vegetation
(e.g. use of drip trays).
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
10
Drip trays will be provided for the stationary plant and for the
“parked” plant.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
11
All vehicles and equipment will be kept in good working order and
serviced regularly. Leaking equipment will be repaired immediately
or removed from the site.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
12
The relevant contractor must ensure that facilities for the collection of
hydraulic and other vehicle oils are provided within the hard park
area.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
13
The Contractor will ensure that delivery drivers are informed of all
procedures and restrictions required by this document. Such drivers
will be supervised during off-loading, by a person knowledgeable of
the requirements.
Throughout
Project
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
14
Materials will be appropriately secured to ensure safe passage
between destinations. Loose loads (e.g. sand, stone chip, fine
vegetation, refuse, paper and cement) will be covered.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
15
The Contractor will be responsible for any clean-up resulting from the
failure by his employees or suppliers to properly secure transported
materials.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
16
All material lay-down areas and stockpiles will be subject to the Site
Manager’s approval.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
17
Imported fill / soil / sand materials will be free of weeds, litter and
contaminants.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
18
Storage areas will be roofed in an impervious material, with a suitable
overhang or side cladding. Rainwater run-off will be channelled away
from the storage area as required.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
19
Hydraulic fluids are stored in concrete lined surfaces with bund walls
and must be designated in such a manner that any spillages can be
contained and reclaimed without any impact on the surrounding
environment.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
20
Hazardous and flammable substances must be stored and used in
compliance with applicable regulations and safety instructions.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
21
During servicing of vehicles or equipment, a suitable drip tray shall
be used to prevent spills onto the soil, especially where emergency
repairs are effected outside the workshop area.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
22
Leaking equipment shall be repaired immediately or be removed from
site to facilitate repair.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
23
Any leaking containers shall be repaired or removed from site.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
TOWER POSITIONS
1
Disturbance of topsoil on tower sites with severe slopes shall be
minimised at all costs.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
At any tower sites where conventional foundations are installed, the
Contractor shall remove the topsoil separately and store it for later
use during rehabilitation of such tower sites.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
47
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
3
The location and method for stockpiling of any material must be done
in consultation with the ECO to ensure material is not stockpiled in
drainage lines, the quality and make up of stockpiled material is not
compromised, etc.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
During backfilling operations, the Contractor shall take care not to
dump the topsoil in the bottom of the foundation and then put spoil on
top of that.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
In accordance with the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act,
No 43 of 1983, slopes in excess of 2% must be contoured and slopes
in excess of 12% must be terraced.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
6
Contour banks shall be spaced according to the slope on tower sites.
The type of soil shall also be taken into consideration.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
CLAIMS FROM DAMAGES
1
All damage to Eskom property shall be recorded immediately.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
The Environmental Control Officer should also keep a photographic
record of such damage.
When
necessary
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
The date, time of damage, type of damage and reason for the damage
shall be recorded in full to ensure the responsible party is held liable.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
4
All claims for damage should be directed to the Environmental
Control Officer for appraisal.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
5
The Contractor shall be held liable for all unnecessary damage to
Eskom property.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
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No
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
6
A register shall be kept of all complaints from Landowners.
Mitigation Measures
Throughout
construction
Duration
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
7
All claims shall be handled immediately to ensure timeous
rectification / payment.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EROSION, DONGA AND RIVER CROSSINGS
Water diversion berms shall be installed at donga crossings to ensure
runoff water on the servitude does not run into dongas and cause an
erosion hazard.
Throughout
construction
2
Suitable erosion containment structures shall be constructed at donga
crossings where required and viable.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
No unplanned / improperly planned cutting of donga embankments is
allowed as this leads to erosion and degradation of the environment.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
4
No roads shall be cut through river and stream banks as this may lead
to erosion causing siltation of streams and downstream dams.
Prior
to
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
1
When
necessary
C
CECO
FLORA MANAGEMENT
1
Only an 8m or 6m strip may be cleared flush with the ground to allow
vehicular passage during construction.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
2
The removal of indigenous plant material from the site or surrounding
and adjacent land will not be allowed.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
No scalping shall be allowed on any part of the servitude road unless
absolutely necessary.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
4
All trees and vegetation cleared from the site shall be cut into
manageable lengths and neatly stacked at regular intervals along the
perimeter of the site.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
No vegetation shall be pushed into heaps or left lying all over the site.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
6
Vegetation clearing must be kept to a minimum. Removal of
indigenous plant material from the site or surrounding and adjacent
land will not be allowed;
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
7
Big trees with large root systems shall be cut manually and removed,
as the use of a bulldozer will cause major damage to the soil when the
root systems are removed.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
8
Stumps shall be treated with herbicide.
Throughout
construction
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
9
Smaller vegetation can be flattened with a machine, but the blade
should be kept above ground level to prevent scalping.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
10
No vegetation clearing in the form of de-stumping, scalping or
uprooting shall be allowed on river and stream banks.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
11
Trees and vegetation not interfering with the statutory clearance to the
substation can be left.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
12
Dense vegetation around the substation which could cause a fire
hazard, particularly in the middle third of the span in the vicinity of
the lowest point of the conductors, will be considered as a separate
case.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
13
Throughout
Protected or endangered species of plants shall not be removed unless Throughout
they are interfering with a structure. Where such species have to be construction
removed due to interference with a structure, the necessary
permission and permits shall be obtained from Provincial Nature
Conservation. All protected species not to be removed must be clearly
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
marked and such areas fenced off if required.
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
50
No
14
15
16
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
The use of herbicides shall only be allowed after a proper
investigation into the necessity, the type to be used, the long-term
effects and the effectiveness of the agent. Eskom's approval for the
use of herbicides is mandatory (Contact Dr. Eugene van Rensburg—
Vegetation Management). Application shall be under the direct
supervision of a qualified technician. All surplus herbicide shall be
disposed of in accordance with the supplier’s specifications.
Upon completion of construction and before handover, the site must
be inspected and all vegetation interfering with the safe operation of
the line shall be removed / cut down.
Mitigation Measures
Throughout
construction
Duration
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
construction
As soon
possible
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
It is recommended that a contractor for vegetation clearing should
comply with the following parameters:
Throughout
construction
Throughout
construction
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
as
 The contractor must have the necessary knowledge to be able to
identify protected species as well as species not to interfering with
the operation of the substation due to their height and growth rate;
 The contractor must also be able to identify declared weeds and
alien species that can be totally eradicated; and
 The contractor must be in possession of a valid herbicide
applicators license.
17
The removal of protected vegetation and medicinal plants during
construction must be done in consultation with the provincial
environmental authorities, and the appropriate post-construction
rehabilitation measures must be implemented in cooperation with the
provincial environmental authorities.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
18
Should Medicinal Plants be found on site, these plants will be
demarcated and cordoned off. Once demarcated, they will be
removed and translocated to an established nursery. The plants shall
be removed by a certified Nursery with experience in the handling
and translocation of plants. The South African National Biodiversity
Institute (SANBI) shall be contacted for assistance should a certified
nursery not be available.
Only indigenous vegetation is to be used in any landscaping which
may be undertaken.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
construction
Throughout
SM
ECO
Should Protected or Endangered Plant Species be found on site they
will be demarcated and cordoned off. An Ecological Management
Plan will be compiled and submitted to DEAT for approval. The
Ecological Management Plan will include the following:
Throughout
When
SM
ECO
construction
necessary
C
CECO
C
CECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
19
20
 Ensure the persistence of the plant species;
 Include a monitoring programme that monitors the size, stage structure
and vigour of the plant species population and threats to the
population;
 Facilitate/augment natural ecological processes such as fire and
herbivory;
 Provide for the habitat and life history needs of important pollinators;
 Minimise artificial edge effects (e.g. water runoff from developed
areas and application of chemicals;
 Include an ongoing monitoring and eradication programme for nonindigenous/alien invasive species;
 Result in a Report to be submitted to the relevant authority (DEAT,
etc)
Where feasible, appropriate genetic material such as seeds or
propagules of the plant species shall be collected and stored at a
licensed facility.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
21
In situ conservation of Protected and Endangered Plant Species is
preferable to ex situ conservation. Thus, should the plant species not
“interfere” with the construction of a structure, the area surrounding
the plant species shall be declared a “no-go” area and a buffer zone
will be applied as outlined in the Ecological Management Plan.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
22
The Developer will be responsible for controlling all alien invasive
species, as per the requirements of the Conservation of Agricultural
Resources Act (CARA), during the contract and vegetation
establishment period. All exotic trees will be identified and marked.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
23
Alien invasive plant material will be preferentially removed in
entirety through mechanical means (e.g. chainsaw, bulldozer, handpulling of smaller specimens).
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
24
The exotic trees must be cut down leaving the stumps behind to
ensure that soil erosion is prevented.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The trees can be chipped on site and the chips seeded with indigenous
vegetation and spread over the site to allow for re-growth and to
reduce erosion potential.
25
Immediately after being cut, a herbicide solution must be applied to
the exotic trees to ensure no further growth. The person applying the
herbicide must have read and understood the instructions. Care must
be taken that there is no spillage of solution in the wetland and that
the correct protective equipment must be used.
After being
cut
immediately
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
26
If plants are not removed in entirety but cut-back and systematically
treated with approved herbicides, then remaining plant will be
monitored for re-growth / re-establishment.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
27
Herbicides used must be approved by authorities and as per the
supplier’s specifications.
When
necessary
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
53
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
28
Alien invasive plant material will not be stockpiled. All such material
removed will be removed from the site and dumped at an approved
disposal site.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
29
If during the establishment period any noxious or excessive weed
growth occurs, such vegetation will be removed; and
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
30
It is the developer’s responsibility to implement a monitoring
programme that will be instituted to ensure that re-growth of alien
invasive plants species does not occur, or that such re-growth is
controlled.
Throughout
construction
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
FAUNA MANAGEMENT
1
Ensure that suitable fencing is erected prior to the commencement of
construction to ensure that live stock does not wonder into dangerous
areas.
Throughout
the project.
Weekly
inspections.
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
The Contractor’s workforce will have to be very careful not to disturb
the animals as this may lead to fatalities which will give rise to claims
from the Landowners.
Throughout
the project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
The Contractor shall under no circumstances interfere with livestock
without the Landowner being present. This includes the moving of
livestock where they interfere with construction activities.
Throughout
the project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
Should the Contractors workforce obtain any livestock for eating
purposes, they must be in possession of a written note from the
Landowner.
Throughout
the project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
Should any new sites or nests be found, during the construction
process, that was not known or have been noted before, each site shall
be assessed for merit and the necessary precautions be taken to ensure
the least disturbance.
Throughout
the project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
10636
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
INTERACTION WITH ADJACENT LAND OWNERS
The construction process will use the services of the Substation
Environmental Monitoring / Management Committee (EMC) for
communication with the land owners.
Throughout
the project
2
Any claims instituted by the Landowners shall be investigated and
treated promptly. Unnecessary delays should be avoided at all costs.
Throughout
the project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
3
Landowners shall always be kept informed about any changes to the
construction programme should they be involved. If Eskom’s ECO is
not on site the CECO should keep the Landowners informed.
Throughout
the project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
4
The contact numbers of the Contractor’s ECO officer and the Eskom
ECO shall be made available to the Landowners.
Throughout
the project
Once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
5
All contact with the Landowners shall be courteous at all times.
Throughout
the project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
6
The rights of the Landowners shall be respected at all times and all
staff shall be sensitised to the effect that we are working on private
property.
Throughout
the project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
1
When
necessary
C
CECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
NOISE
1
In order to prevent noise impacts resulting from construction
activities, working hours are to be limited to weekdays between 7h00
to 17h00.
Throughout
the project
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
EA
EM
PM
July 2009
10636
55
No
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
1
If certain construction requires work outside of these hours, all
adjacent landowners have to be informed prior to any construction
outside of the specified hours commencing.
Mitigation Measures
When
necessary
Duration
Once – off, if
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
If there are complaints about low frequency noise after the
refurbishment, Eskom would have to get a noise expert to do
measurements and recommend mitigation.
When
necessary
If necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
No whistling or shouting will be permitted.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
No amplified music will be allowed on the site. The use of radios,
tape recorders, compact disc players, television sets etc. will not be
permitted unless at a level that does not serve as an intrusion to
adjacent landowners.
When
necessary
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
The Contractor will take preventative measures (e.g. screening,
muffling, timing, prenotification of affected parties) to minimise
complaints regarding noise and vibration nuisance from sources such
as power tools.
When
necessary
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
INFRASTRUCTURE
1
All existing private access roads used for construction purposes, shall
be maintained at all times to ensure that the local people have free
access to and from their properties.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
Speed limits shall be enforced in such areas and all drivers shall be
sensitised to this effect.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
ARCHAEOLOGY
1
Should any heritage resources be exposed during excavation for the
purpose of construction, construction in the vicinity of the finding
must be stopped.
When
necessary
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
2
Should any heritage resources be exposed during excavation or be
found on site, a registered heritage specialist must be called to site for
inspection.
When
necessary
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
3
Should any heritage resources be exposed during excavation or be
found on site, the relevant heritage resource agency must be informed
about the finding.
When
necessary
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
Under no circumstances may any heritage material be destroyed or
removed form site.
Throughout
Project
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
5
Any destruction of a site can only be allowed once a permit is
obtained and the site has been mapped and noted. The permit must be
obtained from the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act No. 25
of 1999).
When
necessary
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
6
Should remains and/or artefacts be discovered on the site during
earthworks, all work will cease in the area affected and the Contractor
will immediately inform the Construction Manager.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
7
Should any remains be found on site that is potentially human
remains, the South African Police Service should also be contacted.
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
8
Known sites must be protected against vandalism, destruction and
theft and new archaeological finds should these be discovered during
operations must be preserved and managed
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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57
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY
1
9.4
No
The Contractor shall under no circumstances interfere with the
property of adjacent landowners.
Throughout
project
Weekly
Inspections
C
CECO
SM
ECO
If water is required, the Contractor shall negotiate with the relevant
Landowner and a written agreement shall be drawn up
(TRMSCAAC1 REV 3 section 4.8).
Throughout
Project
Weekly
Inspections
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
Operational Phase
Mitigation Measures
Duration
GATE CONTROL (LOOP IN AND LOOP OUT TRANSMISSION LINES)
1
Gates must be fitted with Eskom locks.
Permanent
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
All gates shall be closed and locked after anyone has driven
through it.
During
Project
During
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Such gates shall be clearly marked by painting the posts green.
After
Once off
constructio
n – once off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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58
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
DELIVERY OF MATERIALS
1
No oil/ petrol spills / leaks may occur.
Throughout
constructio
n
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Pay attention to minimising disruption of the flow of traffic and
reducing the danger to other road users and pedestrians.
Throughout
constructio
n
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
BUILDING, CIVILS AND STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
1
During site take / hand over the site must be accepted from the Operations
contractor and handed over.
Once - off
C
CECO
CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND TRANSFORMERS
1
During site take / hand over the site must be accepted from the
contractor and handed over.
On
termination
of
constructio
n
Once-off
WASTE MANAGEMENT
1
Refuse and Rubble Removal - Same as construction phase.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
C
CECO
July 2009
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59
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
INTERACTION WITH ADJACENT LANDOWNERS
1
The rights of the Landowners shall be respected at all times and
all staff shall be sensitised to the effect that we are working on
private property.
Throughout
the project
Throughout
REINSTATE INFRASTRUCTURE
1
Upon completion of the project all roads and infrastructure shall
be repaired to their original state.
Post
constructio
n
Once-off
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
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60
9.5
No
Decommissioning and Rehabilitation Phase
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
BATCHING PLANTS
1
All areas used as batching areas must be rehabilitated once
construction is completed. Should any claim be instituted against
EA / EM, due to the actions of the Contractor at a batching plant
site, EA / EM shall hold the Contractor fully responsible for the
claim until such time that the Contractor can prove otherwise
with the necessary documentation.
Once
Daily
C
Constructio
CECO
n
is
completed
–
during
rehabilitati
on
SITE CAMP DECOMMISSIONING
2.
All areas where site infrastructure or camp sites are established Once
Daily
must be rehabilitated to their original state in which they were Constructio
found.
n
is
completed
–
during
rehabilitati
on
Prior to the removal of structures an assessment of the end land Once
Daily
use will be undertaken to determine which structures will be Constructio
removed or retained.
n
is
completed
–
during
rehabilitati
on
Any specific requirements to prevent pollution during Prior
to Once - off
demolition of structures must be identified prior to the rehabilitati
commencement of rehabilitation activities.
on
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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61
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Disposal requirements must be identified prior to the Prior
to
commencement of rehabilitation or structure removal.
rehabilitati
on
Equipment, structures and building material that can be reused Prior
to
will be identified prior to the commencement of rehabilitation rehabilitati
activities.
on
Scrap metal and equipment will be sold as scrap or disposed of Once
at a suitably licensed facility.
Constructio
n
is
completed
–
during
rehabilitati
on
Vegetation that was removed for the establishment of site Once
infrastructure shall be reinstated into the area.
Constructio
n
is
completed
–
during
rehabilitati
on
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Once - off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Once - off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
When
needed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
Monthly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
As soon as C
CECO
possible
during
rehabilitation
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
WATER MANAGEMENT
1
Any runnels or erosion channels will be backfilled and
compacted, and the areas restored to a proper condition.
Throughout
Constructio
n
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62
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Any damage to stabilised areas will be repaired and maintained
to the satisfaction of the Site Manager.
Throughout
project
As soon as C
CECO
possible
during
rehabilitation
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE SPILLS
1
Ensure that rehabilitated areas are free of visible spills and are During
suitably vegetated;
rehabilitati
on
Whennecessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The Contractor will ensure that all visible remains of concrete During
are physically removed on completion of activities and disposed rehabilitati
off in an acceptable manner; and
on
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The Contactor will ensure that stone chip, gravel excess, asphalt, During
paving and bitumen waste products will be collected and rehabilitati
removed to designated disposal areas.
on
During
rehabilitation
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
BUILDING, CIVILS AND STEELWORK
1
De-establish contractors yard / store : All waste, garbage, surplus During
materials and oil spills to be cleared and site must be Rehabilitati
rehabilitated.
on
When
necessary
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
C
CECO
July 2009
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63
No
2
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Final inspection: During site inspection the site is to be cleared
and rehabilitated back to its original state.
During
Rehabilitati
on
As soon as C
CECO
possible
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND TRANSFORMERS
1
2
Clear site: The site must be cleared and rehabilitated so that
there is no damage to the surrounding infrastructure.
Post
constructio
n
Weekly
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
All personal must be suitably accredited to perform duties.
Throughout
Project
Daily
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
All cable cut offs must be collected and sent for recycling.
Throughout
Project
As soon as C
CECO
possible
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
All waste, garbage, scrap and oil spill must be disposed of (see
Waste Management). The site must be cleared and rehabilitated.
Throughout
Project
As soon as C
CECO
possible
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Final Inspection: During site inspection the site is to be cleared
and rehabilitated back to its original state.
On
termination
of
constructio
n
As soon as C
CECO
possible
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
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64
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
ACCESS ROADS
1
Berms must be repaired at the end of the contract.
End
of Once off
contract
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Pay attention to minimising disruption of the flow of traffic and
reducing the danger to other road users and pedestrians.
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Upon completion of the project all roads shall be repaired to
their original state.
End
of Once off
contract
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
Project
Ensure traffic safety measures (e.g. traffic warning signs, Throughout
flagmen) are erected to the satisfaction of Eskom;
Project
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
All speed limits shall be strictly adhered to at all times.
Throughout
Project
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Throughout
Project
TOWER POSITIONS
1
Re-seeding shall be done on disturbed areas as directed by the
Environmental Control Officer.
Post
constructio
n
Other methods of rehabilitation of tower sites may also be used When
at the discretion of the Environmental Control Officer, e.g. stone necessary
pitching, logging, etc.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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65
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
A mixture of seed can be used provided the mixture is carefully
Throughout
Project
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
selected to ensure the following:
Annual and perennial plants are chosen;
Pioneer species are included;
All the plants shall not be edible;
Species chosen will grow in the area without many problems;
Root systems must have a binding effect on the soil; and
The final product should not cause an ecological imbalance in
the area.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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66
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
To get the best results in a specific area, it is a good idea to
Post
constructio
n
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
consult with a vegetation specialist or the local extension officer
of the Dept of Agriculture. Seed distributors can also give
valuable advice as to the mixtures and amount of seed necessary
to seed a certain area. Re-seeding, as well as fencing in of badly
damaged areas, will always be at the discretion of the
Environmental Control Officer, unless specifically requested by
a Landowner.
FLORA MANAGEMENT
1
2
If disturbed areas are left to rehabilitate naturally, they must be
frequently monitored and interventions put in place immediately
should it become necessary. Special attention must be given to the
potential for soil erosion and the associated environmental degradation.
It is also essential to undertake alien vegetation control and
management.
Post
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
No construction equipment, vehicles or unauthorised personnel will be
allowed onto areas that have been re-vegetated
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Only persons / equipment required for maintenance thereof will be
allowed to operate on such areas.
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
All plant material used on site will be obtained from an approved
nursery;
Post
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
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67
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
The Contractor will remove plants containing any diseases and/or pests
from the site;
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Propagation of suitable indigenous vegetation that is quick to establish
such as grasses, should be encouraged in areas where vegetation has
been removed
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
On planting, there will be sufficient topsoil around each plant to
prevent desiccation of the root system. Where plants are stored on site
prior to planting they will be maintained to ensure that the root systems
remain moist; and
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
Each plant brought onto site will be handled and packed in an approved
manner for that species or variety, and that all necessary precautions
are taken to ensure that the plants arrive on the site in a proper
condition for successful growth (e.g. good plant specimens chosen,
disease and/or pest free, potting material weed free, plants covered
during transportation, containers in good condition);
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
All reseeding activities will be undertaken at the end of the dry season
(middle to end September) to ensure optimal conditions for
germination and rapid vegetation establishment;
Throughout
construction
Wet Season
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
The seed mix will be approved by the ECO prior to seeding;
Throughout
construction
Wet
Season
once-off
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Seeds should be covered by use of an agricultural roller or similar
mechanism;
Throughout
construction
Throughout
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Inspect rehabilitated area at three monthly intervals during the first and
second growing season to determine the efficacy of rehabilitation
measures; and
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
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68
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
Take appropriate remedial action where vegetation establishment has
not been successful or erosion is evident within the first two growing
seasons.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
4
Alien Plant Control and Monitoring: Alien plant control will be
conducted as described in Section 5.14, for a period of two years after
the rehabilitation phase is completed.
Throughout
construction
As prescribed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
5
Soil and Land Capability: All excess building material and rubble must
be collected and disposed of at a suitably registered landfill site.
Throughout
construction
As soon
possible
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Soils must be ripped to refusal or a minimum of 300mm prior to
seeding.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
All areas must be profiled to tie in with adjacent terrain. Where
necessary suitable soil must be imported to obtain a suitable profile.
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Suitable erosion control measures must be installed in areas where
erosion may occur;
Throughout
construction
When
necessary
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Apply a suitable mixture of N:P:K fertiliser prior to seeding;
Throughout
construction
As indicated
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Harrow the disturbed areas after spreading the topsoil and fertilizer
uniformly;
Throughout
construction
As indicated
C
CECO
SM
ECO
Rehabilitated and profiled areas must be inspected for erosion every
three months for the first two years. Additional measures must be
implemented to remediate erosion where it is observed.
Throughout
construction
As indicated
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
EA
EM
PM
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
as
July 2009
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69
No
Mitigation Measures
Duration
Frequency
Responsibility
Accountable
Contacted
Informed
C
CECO
SM
ECO
EA
EM
PM
INFRASTRUCTURE
1
Re-instate all roads and infrastructure: Upon completion of the
project all roads and infrastructure shall be repaired to their
original state.
Post
constructio
n
Once-off
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70
10
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS DURING CONSTRUCTION

Proper and continuous liaison between Eskom, the contractor and Landowners to ensure everyone
is informed at all times.

A physical access plan shall be compiled and the contractor shall adhere to this plan at all times.
Proper planning when the physical access plan is drawn up by the Environmental Control Officer
in conjunction with the Contractor shall be necessary to ensure access to all construction areas
within the substation parameter.

The adjacent landowners shall be informed of the starting date of construction as well as the
phases in which the construction shall take place.

The Contractor must adhere to all conditions of contract, including the EMP.

Proper planning of the construction process to allow for disruptions due to rain and very wet
conditions.

Where existing private roads are in a bad state of repair, such roads’ condition shall be
documented before they are used for construction purposes. If necessary, some repairs should be
done to prevent damage to equipment and plant.

All manmade structures shall be protected against damage at all times and any damage shall be
rectified immediately.

Proper site management and regular monitoring of site works.

Proper documentation and record keeping of all complaints and actions taken.

Regular site inspections and good control over the construction process throughout the
construction period.

Appointment of an Environmental Control Officer on behalf of the Contractor to implement this
EMP as well as deal with all Landowner related matters.

Environmental Audits to be carried out during and upon completion of construction (at least three
for the project).

The Contractor shall not be released from site until all Landowners have signed off the release
documentation to the satisfaction of the Eskom Environmental Control Officer.
11
SCHEDULING OF MANAGEMENT MEASURES
The construction programme, showing the upfront management measures and regular audit schedule
must be drafted before construction commences. It should be noted that the majority of the
management measures are incident and control based. Therefore they will not occur in a management
schedule but will rather occur in day to day operations. Where such measures occur these will be
inspected during the audit activities provided for in the schedule.
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
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71
12
SITE DOCUMENTATION / MONITORING / REPORTING
The standard Eskom site documentation shall be used to keep records on site, in addition all noncompliances to the EA will be reported to the Director: Environmental Impact Evaluation within 48
hours. All documents shall be kept on site and be available for monitoring and auditing purposes. Site
inspections by an Environmental Audit Team may require access to this documentation for auditing
purposes. The documentation shall be signed by all parties to ensure that such documents are
legitimate. Regular monitoring of all site works by the ECO is imperative to ensure that all problems
encountered are solved punctually and amicably. When the ECO is not available, the Contract
Manager/Site Supervisor shall keep abreast of all works to ensure no problems arise. The following
checklist shall be used as an environmental performance monitoring tool.
Person responsible for this construction is:
Name:
Designation:
Reporting of environmental performance, problems and priorities are as follows:
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
July 2009
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72
7.3
Environmental monitoring of the construction is according to the following schedule:
The following negative environmental impacts have been identified at the site:
Environmental Problem
Location
In order to solve (mitigate) the above identified negative environmental impacts, the following
plan of action is to be implemented:
Problem
Solution
Date
to
Completed
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
be
July 2009
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73
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
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74
Monitoring (follow-up) plan of implemented remedial action:
Person responsible for environmental monitoring (follow-up) is:
Name:
Designation:
Substation Name:
Monitoring Date:
Problem
Solution as implemented
ZITHOLELE CONSULTING
Has the solution worked, if not, what
actions are still to be taken
July 2009
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75
13
CONTACT DETAILS
13.1
Environmental Contact Persons

13.2
Kentridge Makhanya (Senior Environmental Advisor)
E-mail Address:
[email protected]
Tel:
011 800 2706
Fax:
086 664 0872
Emergency Numbers

Eskom Control
0800 037566

Police
10111
13.3

Oil Spill Contact Numbers
Adrian Francis
Email Addresses:
[email protected]
Tel:
(021) 915 9279
Fax:
086 664 0872
75
July 2009
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1
Appendix A
Environmental Authorisation from the DEAT
July 2009
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2
Appendix B
ESKOM Pro Forma
July 2009
10636
3
PRO FORMA TO BE SIGNED BY THE CONTRACTOR AND ESKOM PROJECT
MANAGER AT CONTRACT AWARD.
CONTRACT NAME: ______________________________________________
CONTRACT NUMBER: ___________________________________________
ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE
I ______________________ ON BEHALF OF _______________________(C)
I ______________________ ON BEHALF OF ESKOM
DECLARE AS FOLLOWS:
1. I AM AWARE THAT CONSTRUCTION, REFURBISHMENT OR UPGRADING
ACTIVITIES CAN HAVE A MAJOR IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT.
2. I
UNDERTAKE
ENVIRONMENTAL
TO
ADHERE
TO
MANAGEMENT
THE
REQUIREMENTS
PROGRAMME
OF
AND
THE
THE
ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORISATION FROM DEAT.
3. I PLEDGE TO INFORM ALL SITE STAFF OF THEIR INVOLVEMENT IN
MANAGING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ON SITE.
4. I COMMIT TO IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL BEST PRACTISE ON SITE
AT ALL TIMES DURING THE CONTRACT.
SIGNED: _________________________ DATE: ___________________
CONTRACTOR
SIGNED: _________________________ DATE: ___________________
ESKOM
July 2009
10636
4
Questionnaire to be completed during tender stage by the contractor for evaluation purposes
of the tender for line construction:
PLEASE TICK APPROPRIATE BOX (All yes answers to be accompanied by proof)
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - GENERAL
1-Is your company ISO 14001 certified?
2-Is your company ISO 14001 compliant?
3-Does your company have an Environmental Management System in place?
4-Does your company have an Environmental Policy?
5-Does your company have an Environmental Statement?
6-Is your company in the process of implementing any of the above?
7-Will you be using sub-contractors during the project?
8-Does any of your proposed sub-contractors comply with 1-6 above?
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME - GENERAL
1-Do you understand the contents and context of this EMP attached to the tender
document?
2-Do you agree to implement the requirements of the EMP on site?
3-Did you allow for the appointment of a specific person to act as the dedicated
Contractor Environmental Control Officer (CECO) on site for the duration of the
contract? (As per responsibility matrix on page 5 of the EMP)
4-Is your CECO qualified to implement the EMP conditions? Please attach CV.
5-Have you allowed sufficient funds for implementing the requirements of the EMP?
YES
NO
July 2009
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5
(Environmental management requirements)
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME - SPECIFIC
1-Did you supply a method statement for water supply?
2-Did you supply a method statement for solid waste management?
3-Did you allow for camp wastewater management?
4-Did you allow for camp and site ablution management?
5-Did you allow for hazardous (oil, fuel, herbicides, etc) substance management?
6-Did you allow for fire management on site and in the camp?
7-Did you allow for waste concrete management?
8-Did your tender allow for the installation of sealed and bunded fuel storage areas?
9-Did you allow for a contained workshop area for servicing of vehicles?
10-Did you allow for signage to mark access roads to the line?
11-Did you allow for emergency spill kits to address possible spills of fuel and oil to
prevent pollution?
12-Does the vegetation-clearing contractor comply with section 4.7 of the EMP?
13-Did you allow for suitable means and materials to safeguard excavations?
July 2009
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6
Appendix C
Substation Layout
July 2009
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7
Appendix D
Preliminary Profiles
July 2009
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8
Appendix E
Transmission Environmental Policy (TPL41-435)
July 2009
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9
Appendix F
Transmission Vegetation Management Guideline (TGL41-334)
July 2009
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10
Appendix G
Transmission Line Towers and Line Construction (TRMSCAAC1)
July 2009
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11
Appendix H
Transmission Bird Collision Prevention Guideline
July 2009
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12
Appendix I
Transmission Waste Handling and Disposal Standard
July 2009
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13
Appendix J
Transmission Bio-Remediation Register
July 2009
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14
Appendix K
Transmission EMP Procedure Requirement
July 2009
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15
Appendix L
Transmission Guideline on Operating and Maintenance of
Containment Structures, Oil Traps and Dams
July 2009
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16
Appendix M
Transmission Soil Erosion Assessment Table