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INSTRUMENT FAMILIES OF THE ORCHESTRA LF
Script by BFG
Instrument families of the Orchestra.String family.
Ah, the _____________... It’s just a group of musicians getting together to make music. How do they make these
instruments work? Which instruments are related? And Why?
To start, we can break the instruments into _____________families.
Each family is grouped by the way the instrument produces_____________. This kind of classification gives us
the _____________ family, the _____________ family, the _____________ family and the _____________ family.
When you think of the orchestra, you most likely think of the_____________, or at least, some sort of string
instrument. This is probably because they make up the _____________ of the instruments in the orchestra, so
good thinking!!
All string instruments use string vibration to produce _____________, so it makes sense they are called the
string family.
There are four main string instruments;these are: the violin, the _____________, the cello and
the_____________. Each of these instruments can be _____________ or_____________.
As you can see here, the main difference between the four instruments is their _____________. As with any
instrument, the smaller it is, the higher _____________ it plays, and the larger the instrument is, the
_____________ pitches it plays.
A very common arrangement would have the violins playing the _____________, and the violas,
_____________ and basses playing supporting roles. This is not always the case, but it is important to know.
These instruments are some of the oldest instruments made for the _____________ orchestra and some early
orchestral music is even written solely for this section.
Lastly, the _____________ and the piano are sometimes included in the string family, just depending on the
_____________ when the music was being played.
Instrument families of the Orchestra.Woodwind family.
The next larger section of the orchestra is usually the _____________ family.
Most woodwind instruments use a small piece of wood called a_____________ to produce their vibration.
The reed vibrates when air is _____________ across it. This is how instruments like the clarinet
work._____________ also use a reed. This is why they are classified as a woodwind, and _____________
instrument. As far as instruments go, saxophones are fairly new, having only been created in the mid
_____________. Because of this, there aren’t really many orchestral pieces that include saxophone.
Some woodwind instruments have a reed that has _____________ parts called the _____________.
Instruments like the _____________ and the _____________ use a double reed. In this case, both reeds vibrate
and tend to create a nasal sound.
There is also one woodwind which uses just the wind part it’s the _____________! The flute does not have a
reed. Instead, the player just blows across a _____________ in the instrument;much like you would do if you are
were blowing across the top of a pop bottle.
You might have noticed that this family has all the instruments with a ton of buttons or, _____________, as
these are actually called, on them.
One of the most challenging parts of playing woodwind instruments is just knowing which keys
to_____________ down and getting your fingers to the right spots without getting _____________. Once
mastered, a woodwind player can play quickly with ease, as you can hear in _____________ Partita for flute.
In the orchestra, the higher _____________ woodwinds like flute and oboe tend to play the _____________,
while lower pitch woodwinds, like bassoon, tend to play supporting_____________ parts.
Instrument families of the Orchestra.Brass family.
It’s on to the brass_____________!
The brass family gets its name from the shiny _____________ that its instruments are made from.
All brass instruments use the player’s _____________ vibration and air to make sound. The player’s lips
vibrate rapidly against the metal _____________, and the bossing sound produced bounces and echoes its way
through the instrument to make a_____________ you are probably familiar with:
Unlike the woodwind instruments, brass instruments have few keys. In fact, the _____________ doesn’t have
any keys;it just uses a _____________.
Of course the brass player does have more than just three notes available to them, through pressing the keys.
Brass players also change notes through changing the_____________ of their lips, where tenser lips play higher
pitches and _____________ lips play lower pitches.
If you’ve heard tabs, you’ve heard a brass player just using their lips to change notes.
The five main brass instruments in the orchestra are the _____________, the _____________, the
_____________, the euphonium and the_____________.
In the orchestra, trumpets and _____________ occasionally play the melody, but much of the brass section’s
job is to play _____________ notes.
Instrument families of the Orchestra.Percussion family.
All of the way in the back of the orchestra we have the percussion family, known for its loud_____________
and crashing.
The percussion family has instruments that are _____________ or _____________ to make their vibrations.
Early orchestras didn’t have much percussion and usually just had lowpitched drums called
_____________timpani or kettle drums to accompany the melody. Other drums like the _____________ and the
_____________ drum were added later.
And apparently, composers really like percussion instruments, because they haven’t stopped adding to the
long list of the available sounds. Aside from drums, the percussion family includes:_____________, auxiliary
percussion, like the _____________, triangle, shakers and_____________, and _____________ instruments, like
bells, xylophone and _____________.
Most of the time, percussion instruments play a _____________ role, though _____________ or xylophones
occasionally get the _____________.
You know now that the four families of the orchestra are: the string, woodwind, brass and percussion families.
The string family uses_____________ vibration.
The woodwind family uses _____________ and air vibration.
The brass family uses_____________ vibration.
And the_____________ family contains instruments that are struck or shaken to make vibration.
From the Educational Portal
Liz DiamondManlusoc
Ryan Bechtel
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DDRiRzip9ks
Instrument families of the Orchestra. String family.
Orchestra
four
Vibration
string
woodwind
brass
percussion
violin
majority
sound
viola
bass
plucked
bowed
size
pitches
lower
melody
cellos
modern
harp
time period
Instrument families of the Orchestra. Woodwind family.
Woodwind
Reed
Blown
Saxophones
,not a brass,
1840’s
two,
double reed,
oboe
bassoon
flute
hole
keys
press
tangled
Bach’s
Pitch
Harmonic
melody
Instrument families of the Orchestra. Brass family.
Family
Material
Lip
Mouthpiece
Tone
Trombone
Slides
hape
looser
trumpet
horn
trombone
tuba
horns
supporting
Instrument families of the Orchestra. Percussion family.
Banging
Struck
Shaken
snare drum
bass
cymbals
tambourine
maracas
mallet
marimba
supporting
bells
melody
string
reed
lip
percussion